Plan B Defense - Hastings Nyirongo - 12/15/15

Date: December 15, 2015
Time: 9:30 a.m.
Location: NR 338

Exploring Pluralistic and Demand Driven Extension Services in Central Malawi: Nkhotakota and Kasungu districts

Plan-B Masters Defense 


Hastings Marumbo K. Nyirongo


Time: 9:30 -11:30 a.m. EST

Room: 338, Natural Resources Building 


In Malawi, like many developing countries, the introduction of pluralistic and demand-driven extension services was premised on improving effectiveness, efficiency, accountability, and relevance of extension services to end users. A survey questionnaire was developed and implemented to explore how well pluralistic and demand-driven extension services are working in two districts of central Malawi: Nkhotakota and Kasungu. The study collected input from extension personnel from both public and non-public extension systems including their perceptions of extension programing quality, pluralism, demand, and coordination. Cross tabulations, analysis of independent t-test, and descriptive statics are used to analyze the survey responses from 95 extension personnel. The findings show that extension service quality is perceived to be moderately unsatisfactory while the reported perceptions of pluralism were generally satisfactory. The respondents’ perceptions of the quality of demand driven extension services were moderately satisfactory while respondents’ perceptions of the coordination and collaboration of current extension services were somewhat unfavorable. The results also point to such factors as poor marketing processes/functions; low literacy levels; inadequate resources; low technical capacities of staff; high cost of inputs; incoherent policies; and impacts of HIV/AIDs to be impeding smooth implementation of pluralistic and demand driven services in the study area. 

Key worlds: Extension, Demand-driven, Pluralistic, Malawi

Committee Members: 

Dr. Michael D. Kaplowitz

Dr. Murari Suvedi

Dr. Robertson Richardson