A paradigm shift is desperately needed for pesticide delivery in fruit cropping systems. Studies show that airblast ground sprayers are functional, but as little as 50% of the pesticide reaches the target crop! Recently my professional focus is on the fundamental mechanisms of utilizing trunk injection for delivering crop protection materials in tree fruits. Preliminary results indicate that trunk injection provides discriminatory delivery that is favorable from a dietary tolerance perspective, while significantly reducing the environmental and worker exposure health risks associated with pesticide use. We achieved a front page article in the Michigan Farmer magazine, describing the ‘basis for’ and ‘potential benefits of’ trunk injection in tree fruit crops, as well as three peer-review journal articles in the past year. I currently hold several grants (NIFA PMAP, IR-4 Biopesticide, MIIE) focused on advancing the science behind this subject. I intend my trunk injection research to contribute important foundational knowledge, leading to a future new paradigm for fruit crop pest management.

Current assignment: Research 35% | Extension 25% | Administration 40%

Program Description


My passion for teaching is reflected not only in my extension/outreach responsibilities, but also in the graduate student advising that I have had over the years. My graduate student guidance philosophy is to provide substantial one-on-one time up front to assure development of healthy research patterns for each individual student, and then later provide sufficient space for independence and self-confidence to mature with time.


Wise conducts research on the performance characteristics of new insecticide chemistries for control of fruit insect pests. He also investigates alternative delivery systems for crop protection materials in fruit agroecosystems. Wise runs the Applied Insecticide Toxicology lab on the MSU campus, conducting research on the performance mechanisms and plant penetration attributes of pesticides, pesticide environmental fate and arthropod resistance.


As Research and Extension Coordinator of the MSU Trevor Nichols Research Center (TNRC), Wise participates in a wide array of MSU extension offerings, including regional fruit extension events, the Fruit Team’s CAT-Alert, newsletters, and invitations to national and international horticultural conventions. Wise has developed a wide range of Integrated Pest Management and Good Agriculture Practices training programs, targeting large commercial farms as well as small underserved grower communities. These training programs have led to opportunities to offer training venues in other US states, like Wisconsin, Ohio, Indiana and New Jersey, as well as international train-the-trainer events in Chile, Mexico, Rwanda and India. Wise has also contributes to various IPM (english and spanish) pocket guides and is the production coordinator of the annual MSU Fruit Management Guide (E0154). Wise is the director of the North-Central region of the national USDA IR-4 project, which serves as the primary avenue for new reduced-risk pesticides to be registered with the EPA for minor-use specialty crops.


  • Insecticide Performance
  • Insect toxicology
  • Pesticide environmental fate
  • Insect resistance
  • Fruit crop IPM
  • IPM training

Professional Experience

  • 2014 - IR-4 NC Region Director, Dept. of Entomology, Michigan State University
  • 1997 - IR-4 Field Research Director, Dept. of Entomology, Michigan State University
  • 1997 - TNRC Research and Extension Coordinator, Dept. of Entomology, Michigan State University
  • 1990-1997 - Research Assistant, Entomology Department, Michigan State University

 Selected Publications

  • Wise, J.C., R. Vanderpoppen, C. Vandervoort, C. O’Donnell, and R. Isaacs. 2014. Curative activity contributes to control of spotted-wing drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) and blueberry maggot (Diptera: Tephritidae) in highbush blueberry. Canadian Entomologist. (In Press). “IF- .667”
  • Wise, J.C., A. H. VanWoerkom, S. G. Aćimović, G.W. Sundin, B. M. Cregg, and C. Vandervoort. 2014. Trunk Injection: A Discriminating Delivering System for Horticulture Crop IPM. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol 3: 126. doi:10.4172/2161 0983.1000126.
  • VanWoerkom, A.H., S. G. Aćimović, G.W. Sundin, B. M. Cregg, D. Mota-Sanchez, C. Vandervoort and J. C. Wise. 2014. Trunk Injection: An Alternative Technique for Pesticide Delivery of Tree Fruits. J. of Crop Prot. doi:10.1016/j.cropro.2014.05.017. “IF- 1.663”
  • Aćimović, S.G., VanWoerkom, A.H., Reeb, P.D., Vandervoort, C., Garavaglia, T., Cregg, B.M., Wise, J.C., 2014. Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Trunk-injected Imidacloprid in Apple Tree Canopy. Pest Manag. Sci. (online). doi: 10.1002/ps.3747.“IF- 2.743”
  • Kim, S.H., C. Vandervoort, M.E. Whalon, and J.C. Wise. 2014. Transovarial Transmission of Novaluron in Choristoneura rosaceana (Harris), (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Canadian Entomologist. doi:10.4039/tce.2013.78. “IF- .667”
  • Baributsa, D, L. Flores, D. Rukazumbuga, and J. Wise. 2013. IPM Knowledge and Dissemination: Rwanda Case Study. J. of Agri Education and Extension 1_14, 1750- 8622. DOI:10.1080/1389224X.2013.803989.
  • Rodriguez-Saona, C., J. Wise, D. Polk, T. Leskey, and C. Vandervoort. 2012. Lethality of reduced-risk insecticides against plum curculio (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in blueberries, with emphasis on their curative activity. Pest Management Science. DOI:10.1002/ps.3509.
  • Hulbert, D., R. Isaacs, C. Vandervoort, S. Earhardt, and J.C. Wise. 2012. Rainfastness of Insecticides Used to Control Japanese Beetle in Blueberries. Journal of Economic Entomology 105(5): 1688-1693.
  • Mota-Sanchez, D., B. Cregg, E. Hoffmann, J. Flore, and J. C. Wise. 2012. Penetrative and Dislodgeable Residue Characteristics of C-14-Insecticides in Apple Fruit. J. of Agri. & Food Chemistry. 60 (12): 2958-2966. DOI: 10.1021/jf205169f
  • Van Timmeren, S., J.C. Wise, and R. Isaacs. 2012. Soil application of neonicotinoid insecticides for control of insect pests in wine grape vineyards. Pest Man. Sci 67, 560-567.

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