Our research program has led the way in defining microbial interactions with larval mosquitoes. We have influenced the approach to studies of container breeding mosquitoes by others and have described several potential new venues for disrupting mosquito growth and reducing disease vector populations. In addition to suggesting new means for mosquito or vector borne pathogen control, our work here supports undergraduate and graduate students, as well as post-doctoral research associates who may ultimately serve to address mosquito-borne disease issues in the U.S. and elsewhere in the world.
Current assignment: Teaching 15% | Research 85%
I’ve been involved in the development and teaching of several successful new courses at MSU. Biomonitoring of Streams and Rivers is an intense, field-oriented course designed to give students experience in methods for assessing wadeable streams, with heavy emphasis on macroinvertebrate biology. I’ve helped develop and co-teach Medical Entomology, which is a lecture and lab course designed to cover diseases transmitted by arthropods, their control, and the taxonomy and ecology of the vectors. I developed and co-teach Field Ecology of Arthropod Disease Vectors, a relatively new course that emphasizes field and lab methods used to monitor vectors and vector borne disease in Michigan. I have also taught graduate seminar classes in the areas of Insect-Microbe Interactions and the Invertebrate Microbiome. Additionally, I routinely offer special research opportunities (ENT 401) for interested undergraduate students.. Finally, I have supervised, as major advisor, 1 PhD and 2 successful MS students, and served on the advisory committees of at least 12 other MS or PhD students since 2010.
My research efforts, in association with Dr. Ned Walker, are directed toward understanding critical interactions between larval mosquitoes and microbial food sources, as well as initial investigations into what is being called “the mosquito microbiome”. Our current work is unique in that we have developed a gnotobiotic rearing system for larvae. Using this system we have identified the importance of single-celled fungi in larval nutrition and have begun to examine the characteristics of extracellular bacteria that stably associate with some mosquito species. We also examined key functional aspects of a model bacterial species found in larval habitats, and conducted studies examining the growth and development of larvae reared with specific microbial food resources. Additionally, we examine the effects of different allocthonous nutrient inputs, such as soluble and particulate nitrogen, into larval habitats by using stable isotope techniques and measuring uptake and partitioning in mosquito tissue. I’ve also continued to examine the biology of the invasive species, Ae. japonicus, as it has now integrated into the mosquito fauna of Michigan. This species, originally from northeastern Asia, can displace native mosquito species in some larval habitats and thus may influence local disease transmission potential. Additionally, my research program examines the prevalence of arboviruses found in Michigan mosquitoes, such as West Nile virus, La Crosse Encephalitis, and Eastern Equine Encephalitis. I’ve recently investigated cases of mortality in local domestic fowl breeding operations that were attributed to mosquito borne viruses through examinations of the potential vectors and their nearby breeding sites.
Extension and Outreach
I no longer have an Extension appointment, but have continued to conduct "Extension-like" activities in that I work with Michigan (and other states) mosquito control districts in an advisory capacity and by running analyses of mosquitoes for arboviruses. I am an active member in the Michigan Mosquito Control Assoc., having served as President in 2012. I am also a liaison between MSU and the Michigan Department of Community Health on issues of Medical Entomology. I am currently vice-president of the national/international Society for Vector Ecology (SOVE) and will be acting president in 2016.
- Larval Mosquito Growth and Microbial Interactions
- 2012-present – Associate Professor, Medical Entomology research, Michigan State University.
- 2002-2011 – Research and Extension Specialist in Medical Entomology, Michigan State University.
- 1991-2002 – Visiting Assistant Professor, W. K. Kellogg Biological Station
- 1991-1992 – Project manager, Upjohn pond bioremediation and ecological assessment study, Center for Microbial Ecology, Michigan State University and W. K. Kellogg Biological Station.
- 1990-1991, 1997 – Assistant Professor (sabbatical replacement), Biology, Kalamazoo College, Kalamazoo, Michigan
- 1988-1990 – Postdoctoral research associate, Michigan State University, W. K. Kellogg Biological Station
- 1984-1988 – Graduate research assistant, Michigan State University1983-1984 – Research technician, Michigan State University
- Kaufman, M. and Fonseca, D. 2014. Invasion Biology of Aedes japonicus japonicus (Diperta: Culicidae). Annu. Rev. Entomol. 59:31-49.
- Chen, S., Kaufman, M., Korir, M., and Walker, E. 2014. Ingestibility, digestibility, and engineered biological control potential of Flavobacterium hibernum, isolated from larval mosquito habitats. App. Environ. Microbiol. 80:1150-1158.
- Duguma, D., Rugman-Jones, P., Kaufman, M., Hall, M., Neufeld, J., Stouthamer, R., and Walton, W. 2013. Bacterial communities associated with Culex mosquito larvae and two emergent aquatic plants of bioremediation importance. PLoS ONE 8: e72522.
- Chen SC, Kaufman MG, Miazgowicz KL, Bagdasarian M, Walker ED. 2013. Molecular characterization of a cold-active recombinant xylanase from Flavobacterium johnsoniae and its applicability in xylan hydrolysis. Bioresource Technology 128:145-55.
- Lorenz AR, Walker ED, Kaufman MG. 2013. Does autocthonous primary production influence oviposition by Aedes japonicus japonicus (Diptera: Culicidae) in container habitats? J Med Entomol 50:69-78.
- Kaufman MG, Stanuszek WW, Brouhard EA, Knepper RG, Walker ED. 2012. Establishment of Aedes japonicus japonicus and its colonization of container habitats in Michigan. J Med Entomol 49:1307-17.
- Pelz-Stelinski, K, Kaufman, MG, Walker, ED. 2011. Beetle (Coleoptera: Scirtidae) facilitation of larval mosquito growth in tree hole habitats is linked to multitrophic microbial interactions. Micro Ecol: DOI 10.1007/s00248-011-9872-1
- Kaufman MG, Pelz-Stelinksi K, Yee DA, Juliano SA, Ostrom P, Walker E. 2010. Stable isotope analysis reveals detrital resource base sources of the tree hole mosquito, Aedes triseriatus. Ecological Entomology 35: 586-593
- Walker E, Kaufman M, Merritt R. 2010. An acute trophic cascade among microorganisms in the tree hole ecosystem following removal of omnivorous mosquito larvae. Community Ecology 11: 171-178