Schedule at a Glance

9:30 - 10:30 a.m. Welcome and Keynote: William Creal
10:30 - 11:00 a.m. Break
11:00 - 11:45 a.m. Keynote: Lisa Borre
Noon - 1:30 p.m. Lunch
1:30 - 3:00 p.m. Early afternoon concurrent sessions
3:00 - 3:30 p.m. Break
3:30 - 5:00 p.m. Late afternoon concurrent sessions
5:00 - 8:00 p.m. Reception: Posters and Educational Displays 


Welcome and Opening Keynote Presentations (9:30 a.m. - Noon)

(9:30) Welcome

Jo Latimore, Michigan State University, and Marcy Knoll Wilmes, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, will welcome attendees to the 2018 Michigan Inland Lakes Convention on behalf of the Michigan Inland Lakes Partnership and the Michigan Clean Water Corps (MiCorps).

(9:45) Keynote: Protecting Michigan's Inland Lakes: Emerging and Future Policy Issues - William Creal, Retired Water Resources Division Chief, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

William Creal is the recently retired Chief of the Water Resources Division and spent 37 years in various capacities in the water programs of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality.  During his 37 years, he was instrumental in setting water policy including policies on aquatic invasive species, inland lakes monitoring, water quality standards, large agricultural operations, and inland lakes protection.  His presentation will discuss topics such as the importance of partnerships and collaboration and the value of volunteer monitoring and citizen science, as well as current and future environmental policy issues relating to Inland Lakes.

William Creal's Bio:

William Creal is the recently retired Chief of the Water Resources Division (retired in February 2016) and is currently enjoying living on Whitmore Lake just north of Ann Arbor.  Bill spent 37 years in various capacities in the water program of the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality/Department of Natural Resources. He served for six years as the Chief of the Water Resources Division which included approximately 300 staff.  The Water Resources Division includes the Water Resources Program (wetlands, floodplains, dredge and fill, inland lakes and streams, critical dunes, dam safety, Great Lakes bottomlands and submerged lands, hydrologic data and analysis, and shorelands protection and management); Surface Water Quality program (Water Quality Standards, Total Maximum Daily Loads, National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, monitoring, nonpoint source, water withdrawal, aquatic nuisance control, biosolids, industrial pretreatment, storm water, surface water restoration, and surface water ambient monitoring); Groundwater Discharge Permits Program; and the Aquatic Invasive Species Program.

(11:00) Keynote: A Watershed Moment: Local to Global Collaboration for Healthy LakesLisa Borre, Senior Research Specialist, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

The health of lakes in Michigan and around the world is threatened by a decline in water quality, harmful cyanobacterial blooms (HABs), invasive species, and other problems. Climate change is also having profound effects on lake health. Rising water temperatures, loss of winter ice cover, changes in lake stratification, increased evaporation, and more extreme weather events, including droughts and intense rainstorms, are further complicating already challenging lake protection and restoration efforts. These changes are affecting the food web in lakes, from plankton to entire fish communities. Climate change is also affecting the water balance and the delivery and movement of pollutants in lakes and their surrounding watersheds. Now more than ever, lake and watershed organizations are doubling down on lake and watershed management, including stronger protections for lake shorelines and riparian areas and implementing integrated, watershed-wide lake basin management, not just to address the challenges of today, like fighting eutrophication, but also to build resilience of lake ecosystems for the future. Lake and watershed groups are also forming partnerships and coalitions to address common problems across broader geographic regions. At the same time, lake research is undergoing a transformation with technological advances, use of high frequency data, and global collaboration through groups such as the Global Lake Ecological Observatory Network (GLEON) that are rapidly advancing what we know about lake ecosystems. We have reached a watershed moment where the challenges are complex and solutions require unprecedented local to global collaboration. In this talk, I will share stories from my writing, travels, and work with lake basin communities and research and management networks to review lessons learned and describe promising strategies for working together for healthy lakes.

Lisa Borre's Bio:

Lisa Borre was born and raised in Grand Rapids, Michigan and spent summers at her grandparents’ cottage on Lake Michigan and later at a family cottage on Beaver Island. She returns frequently to visit family and enjoy the places that helped inspire a career devoted to the conservation and management of lakes around the world. In her early career, she coordinated the Lake Champlain Basin Program, facilitating development of a comprehensive watershed plan that now serves as a model for stakeholder engagement. Lisa co-founded LakeNet, a world lakes network that was active from 1998 to 2008, leading a global initiative to document and share lessons learned in lake basin management. She is currently a Senior Research Specialist at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies in the Weathers Lab, providing research support for the Global Lake Ecological
Observatory Network (GLEON) and coordinating development of Lake Observer, a mobile application for recording lake and water observations across the globe. She is on the board of the North American Lake Management Society (NALMS) and the Advisory Council of the Lake Champlain Committee, and an associate investigator with the SAFER Project: Sensing the Americas' Freshwater Ecosystem Risk from Climate Change. She writes about lakes for National Geographic's Voices (formerly Water Currents) blog and currently lives near the Chesapeake Bay in Annapolis, Maryland.

Thursday Early Afternoon Concurrent Sessions (1:30 - 3:00 p.m.)

Invasive Species I

State Investments to Prevent, Detect, and Control Aquatic Invasive Species in Inland Lakes

Over the last 8 years, investments to protect Michigan’s inland lakes from the harmful economic and ecological effects of aquatic invasive species have increased substantially.   The Michigan Departments of Environmental Quality, Natural Resources, and Agriculture and Rural Development work cooperatively to implement the state’s aquatic invasive species program.  Through the Michigan Invasive Species Grant Program, over $14M has been awarded since 2015 to address aquatic and terrestrial invasive species prevention, detection, and control. The Great Lakes Restoration Initiative helps support increased early detection and response to aquatic invasive plants and animals on Michigan’s watch list.  

In this session, the Michigan Departments of Environmental Quality and Natural Resources will highlight Michigan Invasive Species Grant Program priorities and funded projects that address inland lakes.  Key projects include advancing the management and control of species including Eurasian water milfoil, starry stonewort, Cabomba, and New Zealand mud snail as well as educating boaters and anglers to reduce the risk of aquatic invasive species dispersal.  We will also present case studies in early detection and response to aquatic invasive species found inland lakes focusing on Red Swamp Crayfish and European Frog-bit. Red Swamp Crayfish were discovered in 2017 in a limited number of inland waterbodies in the southern lower peninsula, which prompted trapping efforts and the investigation of novel control techniques.  European frog-bit is widely established from the St. Marys River to western Lake Erie; however, new inland occurrences near Grand Rapids discovered in 2016 boosted response efforts aimed at local eradication.

(1:30) Michigan Invasive Species Grant Program: Spotlight on Aquatic Projects. Sarah LeSage, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

(2:00) Responding to Invasive Animals in Michigan - Multifaceted Approach for Red Swamp Crayfish Response. Seth Herbst, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

(2:30) High Priority Invasive Aquatic Plant Management Chronicle: European Frog-bit. Thomas Alwin, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality.

Lake Management I

(1:30) Monitoring to Evaluate Potential Water Quality and Biological Impacts from Lake Aeration

Permits for lake aeration, the process of artificially introducing air to circulate water to create an aerobic environment, as an inland lake management tool have been applied for by lake associations more frequently over the last several years.  In response, the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality–Water Resources Division, in cooperation with the Department of Natural Resources and external stakeholders, developed guidance describing the monitoring activities required by the applicant before and after permit issuance.  The guidance identifies a consistent set of water quality and biological indicators needed to evaluate potential lake impacts. The specific parameters, sampling intensity, and sample frequency/timing will be discussed. Gary Kohlhepp, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality 

(2:00) Considerations When Applying for Permits for Diver-Assisted Suction Harvesting

Diver-Assisted Suction Harvesting (DASH) is a relatively new technique that can be used to manage aquatic invasive plants (AIPs) at certain sites, and in specific situations.  DASH uses SCUBA divers to identify and hand-pull intact AIPs out of the sediment of an inland lake and can be effective in certain situations. However, careful consideration of site-specific characteristics are extremely important when determining whether DASH can be successful in a particular area of a waterbody.  If DASH is conducted in areas with unfavorable site characteristics, performed by inexperienced people, or undertaken without the proper equipment there is the potential to unintentionally spread invasive species, remove native vegetation, and disrupt benthic sediment and habitats. Permits are required from the DEQ when using DASH, and the DEQ has two expedited permit categories for certain types of DASH projects. Eric Calabro and Anne Garwood, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

(2:30) Aquatic Nuisance Control Permits Overview and Updates

The Aquatic Nuisance Control (ANC) Program regulates the chemical control of aquatic plants, algae, and the snails associated with swimmer’s itch. This presentation will include an overview of the ANC permit process, as well as recent updates to the program, new chemicals expected to be available for control, and other emerging issues. Sylvia Heaton, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Law, Lake Levels, and Fish

(1:30) Michigan Waterfront Alliance - Protecting, Promoting the Wise Use of Michigan Inland Waters

This short overview presentation has the goal of presenting background information to the conference audience on the Michigan Waterfront Alliance and getting the message out about ways to help protect and preserve the Michigan inland waterways which are a critical natural resource of our state. The Michigan Waterfront Alliance is a non-profit organization formed more than 20 years ago to educate and promote the wise use of our Michigan inland waterways and support participation in the legislative process. This organization is a membership organization funded by annual dues and contributions from hundreds of citizens, 40+ lake associations, other firms and groups and is affiliated with Michigan Lake and Stream Associations (recently renamed, Michigan Lake Stewardship Associations).  MWA works to improve environmental law, riparian doctrine, water rights, marine safety, environmental protection and advocacy to encourage the state legislature, agencies and departments to enhance lake protection and the care of our natural resources. The brief will include a discussion of recent efforts including the formation of an MWA / DNR Task Force to improve State of MI policies and laws concerning the identification, protection, management and cost sharing of the fight against aquatic invasive species (AIS) in our lakes, to promote the DNR Trusteeship responsibility for upholding the Public Trust, to help support future AIS strategy and efforts to maintain the funding for the Cooperative Lakes Monitoring Program. Lon Nordeen, Michigan Waterfront Alliance 

(2:00) The Comedy of Crystal Lake: Human Dimensions of Managing the Level of a Large Inland Lake

In 1873, an attempt to construct a system of canals from Crystal Lake to Lake Michigan in Benzie Co., Northwest Lower Michigan led fortuitously to the dramatic lowering of the level of a very large inland lake, and creation of a new beach that insured future development as a prime recreational area. Its unintended consequences evolved serendipitously from a perceived “failure” of an “ill-advised project” by an apparent scapegoat, to an unqualified “success” by a visionary celebrated as a local hero. Rediscovery of an historic map was coupled with creation of a modern high-resolution topographic/bathymetric map, allowing quantitative comparisons of morphology. GIS analysis of a QL2 LIDAR dataset (MiSAIL) has led to illustration through a series of dynamic 3-D simulations of the watershed, and a reconstruction of the true magnitude of this epochal event unsurpassed compared to all other large inland lakes in Michigan. The event had a permanent bearing on the subsequent development of Benzie County and its "human dimensions", i.e. "social attitudes, processes, and behaviors related to how we maintain, protect, enhance, and use our natural resources" (HDNR). Stacy Daniels, Benzie County River Improvement Company

(2:30) Spatial Patterns of Fish Species Diversity in Michigan Lakes

Conserving biodiversity is one management goal for lakes.  This goal is quite relevant for lakes, because throughout the world, shoreline areas tend to provide food and habitat for many species, and collectively, inland lakes represent very large amounts of shoreline habitat.  The state of Michigan is estimated to contain more than 150 species of fish. How many of those species, and which ones, are found in inland lakes? Which fish species are most likely to be found in your favorite lake? And more generally, why should we care about species diversity?  This talk will address these sorts of questions. We are using state agency (i.e., Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fisheries Division) lake fish collection monitoring data and integrating those fish data with information on geological lake features, lake watershed land use characteristics, lake water chemistry, and surface water connections among lakes.  With these data, we are characterizing spatial patterns of lake fish species composition and the land, water and human variables that appear to drive these spatial patterns in fish diversity. In this talk we will specifically address these questions: (1) Is there a typical number of fish species in a Michigan lake?, (2) How similar is species composition from one lake to another?, (3) What land, water, and human variables explain differences in the fish communities among lakes?, and (4) Why should we care about species diversity?  Altogether, this talk is intended to provide individuals a sense for how their favorite lake likely fits into the bigger picture of fish diversity in Michigan. Mary Tate Bremigan, Michigan State University

Public Health and Septic Systems

(1:30) Recent Advances in Swimmer's Itch Research, Education, and Control

Swimmer's itch, an emerging global malady, is caused by larval parasites shed daily from aquatic snails. Over 100 of these schistosomes exist worldwide in both fresh and saltwater. Humans serve as accidental hosts, where the worms penetrate the epidermis and die, often causing a raised, reddened papule accompanied by intense itching for 1-2 weeks. The recent development of qPCR (quantitative polymerase chain reaction) to directly measure swimmer's itch risk by quantifying the number of "worms in the water" has been a boon for better understanding some nuances of the parasite life cycle. Freshwater Solutions, in close collaboration with scientists from the University of Alberta (Edmonton), has pioneered and promoted qPCR metrics on lakes in Michigan. These advances have led to new discoveries which are enabling innovative and promising new methods of control. This presentation will educate attendees on the basic biology of the parasites, summarize field work completed in 2018 on large recreational lakes in NW Michigan, describe recent developments in control, dispel some common misconceptions, and allow time for specific questions. Ron Reimink, Freshwater Solutions, LLC

(2:00) Septic System Basics and MDEQ Onsite Wastewater Q&A

This presentation will discuss the different components of septic systems and how they work. THe second half of the presentation will contain a DEQ Onsite Wastewater Q&A session between the DEQ and attendees. Dale Ladouceur, Kristine Rendon, and Dave Cotton, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

(2:30) Nearshore Septic Systems: Impacts, System Basics, and Maintenance

The Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (MDEQ) estimates that more than 10% of the state’s 1.4 million septic systems are failing. Today, the current and future reality of single family onsite systems is that they are and will continue to be permanent solutions to wastewater treatment. These systems also require careful maintenance in order to treat wastewater, particularly in environmentally sensitive areas along inland lakes. Given the thousands of individuals living on or near water who rely on septic systems, special considerations must be given to the treatment of wastewater along lakes to avoid potential impact on the health of families and the entire ecosystem. This session will include an explanation of why septic systems impacts along shorelines are of particular concern with regard to water quality and human health. Specifically, the influence of shoreline soil type and water table level on potential septic system contaminants will be discussed. Septic system basics (components of conventional and other alternative onsite systems found along lakes and how they work), and critical maintenance practices (tips to ensure adequate treatment of wastewater and prolong the life of a system, including what items are and are not designed to be treated, ways to conserve water, and how to identify common issues) will also be covered. Bindu Bhakta and Erick Elgin, Michigan State University Extension

3:00 - 3:30 Break

Thursday Late Afternoon Concurrent Sessions (3:30 - 5:00 p.m.)

Invasive Species II

(3:30) An Overview of the Abiotic and Biotic Characteristics That are Capable of Supporting the Successful Introduction and Establishment of Invasive Starry Stonewort

Nitellopsis obtusa (Desvaux in Loiseleur-Deslongchamps, 1809) J. Groves (1919) (common name: starry stonewort), a submerged macrophyte that is considered a highly beneficial though increasingly rare connoisseur and promoter of clean waters within its native range that extends from the west coast of Europe to Japan, is rapidly spreading throughout the North American Laurentian Great Lakes region. Making an initial appearance within the waters of North America over forty years ago, the rapid spread and robust growth of starry stonewort within the Great Lakes region serves as a de facto indicator of the existence of an abundance of widely distributed aquatic ecosystems, including tens of thousands of inland lakes that are likely to be capable of supporting the unique Characeae species. The most successful bio-invasions are likely to occur primarily as a result of a close match between an invaders unique physiological requirements and the characteristics of the ecosystems being invaded. This thirty minute presentation will provide attendees with a brief, yet wide ranging overview of the unique physiological requirements of the exotic member of the Characeae family, and the critical abiotic and biotic characteristics of inland lake ecosystems that are known to be capable of supporting the successful introduction and establishment of exotic invasive Starry stonewort. William Scott Brown, Michigan Lake Stewardship Associations

(4:00) Preventing Aquarium and Water Garden Invasive Species through Retailer Engagement and Inquiry

Non-native aquatic plants and animals introduced through trade pose a significant ecological and economic threat to Michigan. In response, we developed the Reduce Invasive Pet and PLant Escapes (RIPPLE) campaign in 2015 in collaboration with the Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development. RIPPLE was Michigan’s first attempt at educating pet and water garden retailers and consumers about aquatic invasive species. The goal of RIPPLE is to establish and foster mutual understanding, promote public involvement, and influence the behaviors, attitudes and actions of consumers and retailers in the pond and pet store industry. Outreach materials were produced with input from influential retailers and include two short videos and print materials for retail display. Through in-person visits and trainings, retailers learn appropriate messaging and consumer recommendations. To inform our research-based outreach efforts, we distributed a survey to independently owned pet and water garden retailers in Michigan to assess their knowledge of aquatic invasive species, current behavior, and attitudes regarding their responsibility for prevention. Preliminary results indicate that while a majority of retailers believe that aquariums and water gardens pose an invasive species risk, not all actively educate their customers about the risk or how to prevent the introduction of non-native species from trade into the wild. Paige Filice and Jo Latimore, Michigan State University

(4:30) Great Lakes Hydrilla Risk Assessment

Hydrilla verticillata (Hydrilla) is one of the world’s most invasive aquatic plants with the ability to grow and spread rapidly, thereby impacting water quality, native aquatic communities, and human uses of waterbodies.  The monoecious biotype, which is better adapted to survive at higher latitudes than the dioecious biotype, has been found in several locations in New York and Ohio, raising concerns about its spread throughout the Great Lakes Basin (GLB).  To address these concerns, a team led by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Aquatic Plant Control Research Program conducted a risk assessment to understand the potential for introduction and establishment of monoecious Hydrilla in other areas of the GLB.  Funded under the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative, the principal objective was to identify areas most vulnerable to invasion based on likelihood of introduction and habitat suitability. Distributional modeling and Great Lakes water temperature and depth information were used to identify suitable habitats for Hydrilla in the GLB.  Dispersal modeling was used to evaluate the likelihood of Hydrilla spreading to new areas from where it is now. Other project components included: 1) assessing socio-cultural, economic, and environmental impacts of Hydrilla establishment in the GLB; 2) evaluating effects of photoperiod, temperature, and interspecies competition on monoecious Hydrilla growth in northern waters through laboratory and field mesocosm studies; 3) developing recommendations for prevention, early detection, and rapid response to reduce risk of Hydrilla spread; and 4) identifying best management practices (BMPs) for Hydrilla control.  This presentation will summarize the risk assessment results, including identifying areas in the GLB most vulnerable to invasion based on likelihood of introduction and habitat suitability, and describe BMPs for prevention, early detection, management –timing of herbicide treatment, rapid response, long-term control of smaller Hydrilla patches -- and monitoring. Robert Gibson, Ecology and Environment, Inc.

Lake Management and Monitoring

(3:30) Managing Large Inland Lakes: The Need for an Integrated Management Approach for Successful Lake Management

Although an integrated lake management approach could be applied to most lakes, it is especially important for the successful management of large (>1,000 acre) inland lakes.  This evaluation focuses on Houghton Lake which is a 22,044-acre natural, glacial lake located in northern Michigan. The lake has two sizeable bays and several major tributaries and an outlet to the Muskegon River at the north region of the lake. In addition, the lake has over thirty canals that are developed. The lake has approximately 30.5 miles of shoreline and a mean depth of approximately 8.5 feet so it is vulnerable to aquatic invasive species and water quality degradation. Each component of the lake (i.e. bays, tributaries, flats, canals) is being managed with different methods and technologies since the problems associated with each area are unique and vary at the spatial level. Such methods include replanting of native Wild Rice in the north bay of the lake, reduction of invasive hybrid watermilfoil and Starry Stonewort throughout the entire lake, application of laminar flow aeration and bioaugmentation to certain impaired canals, and implementation of nutrient and solid filters to tributaries that were associated with increased pollutant loads. Specialized planning for each improvement type was needed in order to assure the Houghton Lake Improvement Board and the Houghton Lake community that the myriad issues facing the lake could individually be addressed and ultimately lead to substantial gains in the overall ecological balance of the lake. Jennifer Jermalowicz-Jones, Restorative Lake Sciences

(4:00) Long-term Monitoring of Phosphorus in a Grassroots Initiative to Improve and Restore a Watershed

Lake Macatawa (Lake Mac), located in southwest Michigan, is the receiving water body for a highly degraded watershed and has exhibited the symptoms of a hypereutrophic lake for over 40 years. Because of excess phosphorus (P) enrichment, the lake and all of its tributaries are included on Michigan’s 303(d) list of impaired water bodies, prompting the issuance of a P Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) of 50 µg/L in Lake Mac (mean 2017 TP concentration = 141 µg/L). Project Clarity is a large-scale, multidisciplinary, collaborative, public-private partnership whose overarching goal is to restore the water quality in Lake Mac and its surrounding watershed. To this end, a long-term monitoring initiative was developed to provide critical information on the performance of two key wetland restoration areas and the overall status of Lake Mac. Restoration of the floodplain wetland projects was recently completed in 2015, so upstream-downstream P reductions are not yet evident; however, TP concentrations increased above 3000 µg/L (~63× the TMDL) during storm events prior to the completion of the wetland restoration, indicating the potential value of increased retention and assimilation in these floodplains. Storm events captured in 2017 are still well above 1000 µg/L (~20x the TMDL), indicating that storm events can have disproportionately large impacts on water quality within the watershed. TP concentrations in Lake Mac continue to vary on an annual basis, albeit at levels far above the TMDL. Continued efforts in the watershed, complemented by monitoring, will allow us to assess restoration success over time, and whether additional measures will be needed to meet restoration goals. Maggie Oudsema, Annis Water Resources Institute, Grand Valley State University

(4:30) Watershed Planning Basics for Inland Lakes

Have you heard the term watershed planning but don’t really know what that means or even how to begin? Learn why watershed planning is important, the basics of how the process works, what type of information is included in a plan and how to get started. Julia Kirkwood, Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Lake Stewardship

(3:30) Stewardship for Lakes - A Comprehensive Approach

This session will explore the basic, intermediate, and leading-edge activities involved with stewardship of inland lakes. Participants will have the opportunity to interactively engage checklists to assess and score the processes in place at their water body. The assessments will be aggregated anonymously (via Turning Point Software Response Devices) to determine where the efforts stand relative to their peers. Participant data will also be merged to a state-wide database to assess longer term efforts. Participants will further identify the necessary knowledge, skills, and abilities, combined with people-power resources, to determine the annual level of effort required to move stewardship efforts beyond the basic level of care. Annual Funding requirements will also be identified for each level of stewardship. Finally, participants will seek to match the necessary human and financial capital to available volunteers involved as individuals, groups, or lake associations. Recruitment and retention strategies for lake stewards will be discussed. Individual Data Collection devices for 40 participants will be available for each session, courtesy of the Michigan State University Extension Kalamazoo area office resources. Paul Sniadecki, Mike Gallagher, and John Wilks, Michigan Lake Stewardship Associations, and Beth Clawson, Michigan State University Extension

Aquatic Plant Identification

(3:30) Aquatic Plant Identification Hands-on Workshop with a Focus on Milfoils and Pondweeds

Aquatic plants are an important component of lake ecosystems and provide many ecosystem services. Yet, aquatic plants are often identified simply as “cabbage” or “narrow-leaf pondweed species”, which overlooks the diversity of species present in north temperate lakes. Furthermore, aquatic invasive species can often be confused with a native look-alike, which may spur improper management actions or inaction. This can be especially true for the Eurasian watermilfoil, which has several native look-alikes. This workshop aims to provide an introduction to aquatic plant features and identification with an emphasis on the milfoil (Myriophyllum) and pondweed (Potamogeton) genera. This workshop will consist of a lecture followed by practice identifying physical specimens from keys. Participation in this workshop will help foster a growing appreciation of native aquatic plants that add beauty and intrigue to our lakes as well as provide skills that can help improve aquatic plant management. Participants are encouraged to bring any aquatic plant specimen they would like to identify. Workshop attendees are encouraged to bring their own hand lenses. Erick Elgin, Michigan State University Extension

Thursday Evening Reception: Posters, Educational Displays, Food and Drink (5 - 8 p.m.)


Analysis of Microcystis Cyanophage Seasonal Prevalence in Ford Lake (Washtenaw Co., MI) 

Cyanophages (viruses infecting cyanobacteria) can be found in high abundance in freshwater lakes and saltwater oceans. Yet, their roles in nutrient cycling, algal predation, algal succession, and algal bloom resolution, have not been fully realized. A new family of myoviruses (denoted Ma-LMM01) infecting the toxic cyanobacterium, Microcystis aeruginosa, have been previously isolated and characterized in Japan (Yoshida et. al. 2006).  International studies have found that these viruses may influence Microcystis genetic diversity and strain abundance. Due to the role of Microcystis in the formation of harmful algal blooms, understanding the local prevalence, persistence and replication of Ma-LMM01 related phage, may give insight to cyanobacterial bloom dynamics, including bloom succession, resolution and toxin release. To investigate the role of these viruses locally, semi-monthly serial samples from two locations on Ford Lake, Washtenaw County were taken during the Spring/Summer 2017. Quantitative PCR analysis of material retained on 0.02 micron aluminum oxide filters, revealed the presence of DNA consistent with cyanophages of the Ma-LMM01 group.  Although DNA from this group of myoviruses was found in multiple samples from late-spring and early-summer, viral abundance increased by nearly two orders of magnitude in early September. This increase corresponded with an increase in Microcystis genomic sequences also retained on the filters. With its local prevalence established, we are examining the diversity of this phage and its host as well as factors affecting host-susceptibility and the development of viral resistance. Michael Angell, Eastern Michigan University

Reproducible Results After Five Years of Volunteer Stream Monitoring in Benzie County

Important in running a volunteer stream monitoring program is the ability to generate reliable results over time.  Part of this is created by standardizing procedure in the Quality Assurance Project Plan and using MiCorps guidance and training.  Of necessity, and in order to interest the community in such citizen science, collecting teams are highly variable as members come and go.  Between September 2012 through October 2016 the team leaders on the Betsie and Platte rivers (Benzie County, MI) have worked nearly exclusively on one or other of the rivers.  By the end of 2016 there was sufficient data to support parametric statistical analysis. In 2017 the team leaders switched rivers for that year and the opportunity to review the reproducibility of the results was afforded.  The results are consistent with acceptable reproducibility. One value is below the lower limit of the tolerance interval for the Betsie River, Site 3, but cannot be immediately ascribed to a lack of reproducibility. This procedure for assessing reproducibility for the MICorps Volunteer Stream Monitoring Program has implications for validating the work of citizen scientist statewide. John Ransom, Benzie Conservation District

Creating Undergraduate Research Opportunities through Links to Citizen Science - CANCELLED

Creating meaningful research/independent study opportunities for undergraduates at community colleges can be challenging.  Volunteer lake and stream monitoring groups also face challenges in fulfilling education and outreach goals. Students profit more when their research experiences take place in a realistic context, such as ongoing investigations that serve a real purpose, as opposed to being contrived solely for didactic purposes. We have found merit in linking students' independent study to the activities of volunteer water quality monitoring groups. This poster provides examples drawn from several years experience working with student researchers supported through internships funded by volunteer monitoring groups. Study topics have included most of the CLMP parameters, both water quality and aquatic plant communities, as well as characterization of physical and hydrological changes in streams following road-stream crossing improvements. The community college host, eight students there, and three volunteer monitoring groups have found that this approach addresses their needs and merits continuation.  Thomas Tisue, Muskegon Community College

Integrating Drone Technology with Water, Soil, and Plant Analysis in Costa Rica

Northwestern Michigan College (NMC) in Traverse City Michigan has a long lasting partnership with EARTH University in Limón, Costa Rica. In the summer of 2015, students in the Freshwater Studies Program and the Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) at NMC were invited to complete their internship experience at EARTH and conduct research on banana plantations suffering from a fungus infection, Sigatoka Negra. This is a persistent threat for EARTH University banana crops and a teaching opportunity in a school known for its efficient use of resources and sustainable practices in agronomy. Researchers at the university were interested in sustainable solutions to mitigate this fungal disease and understanding the correlation between banana plant nutrient deficiencies and fungal infection. NMC drone technology was used to better understand the lay of the land, and the health of banana plantations using multispectral imaging. Freshwater Studies interns sampled water, plant, and soil at multiple locations on EARTHs main campus to establish if there were any ecological conditions impacting plants’ health. Although our results were not conclusive, we found variables like nematodes and plant age influencing health of the banana plantation. This experience helped me understand, among many other things, the importance of global and local connections in scientific research. As it turns out, the same techniques we used in Costa Rica are used in precision agriculture in Traverse City, Michigan. Taylor West and Constanza Hazelwood, Northwestern Michigan College.

Educating Waterfront Property Realtors and Buyers

Most waterfront property is purchased through Realtors. However, most Realtors are unaware of the Waterfront Recreational Interests of their buyers and further whether or not a specific property can satisfy those interests. This often results in buyer disappointment after the purchase, and a desire to change the waterfront property, which may or may not be possible or ecologically wise. Correspondingly, most Realtors could significantly benefit their lake communities and markets they serve by becoming aware and teaching their past, present and future waterfront property buyers the basic fundamentals of ecologically responsible waterfront property ownership. A waterfront Realtor education process has been designed and implemented in Southeastern Michigan and so far 6 Real Estate offices and 29 agents have been educated. Additionally, a Waterfront Property Evaluation Process has been practiced for many years which compares buyers Waterfront Recreational Interests to site specific waterfront evaluation results to determine buyer compatibility to the waterfront property prior to sale. Craig Kivi, Waterfront Property Evaluation, LLC

The Mobile Boat Wash Program: 5 Years of Working with Boaters to Stop Invasive Species

The MSU Mobile Boat Wash program has partnered with communities across Michigan for five years. The goal of the program is simple: to show boaters the simple steps they can take to prevent spreading invasive species on their boats and gear. We achieve this goal through Mobile Boat Wash demonstration events. Our poster, presented by college students currently employed by the program, will highlight program achievements to date and describe opportunities for partnering with us. The Mobile Boat Wash program is a collaboration of Michigan State University, the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, and the US Forest Service - Huron-Manistee National Forest. Korin Foss, Joe Gignac, Samantha Haines, Anyah Preston, and Jo Latimore, Michigan State University

Educational Displays

Midwest Aquatic Plant Management Society

MiCorps: Michigan's Statewide Volunteer Monitoring Program

Grand Valley State University, Annis Water Resources Institute

Michigan Lake Stewardship Associations (formerly Michigan Lake and Stream Associations)

RIPPLE: Reduce Invasive Pet and PLant Escapes

Michigan State University Extension

Michigan Clean Boats Clean Waters

Macatawa Area Coordinating Council (Macatawa Watershed Project)

Michigan Aquatic Managers Association

Michigan Wetlands Association

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality - Wetlands, Lakes and Streams Program

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality - Aquatic Invasive Species Management

Michigan Department of Natural Resources

Michigan Natural Shoreline Partnership - MI Shoreland Stewards Program

Michigan Natural Shoreline Partnership

Wildlife Forever

Michigan Chapter, North American Lakes Management Society

Benzie County River Improvement Company

Invasive Species Control Coalition of Watersmeet

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