Newborn’s health and development ( 3 to 6 months)
There is a lot to consider when raising a newborn. Here are some helpful tips to help young parents or caregivers recognize what their baby will need during this delicate time in their development.
Safety tips for 3 to 6 month-olds are critical. Michigan State University Extension reminds parents and caregivers to keep all small objects away from infants. If an object can fit through a toilet paper roll then it is a potential choking hazard. Never shake or spank an infant because these actions can put them at risk of brain damage and even death. Always walk away from any frustrating feelings until you calm down and then re-enter the situation. If you cannot calm down then call someone else to come assist you for help. Never leave a baby alone anywhere near water. Infants have been known to drown in less than one inch of water. In addition, never leave a baby alone on a bed or couch where they could potentially roll off and seriously injure themselves. MSU Extension also suggests keeping in mind that babies can move quicker than expected and it is important to be aware of all things to avoid when placed in the care of one.
Milestones to be aware of for 3 to6 month-olds include:
- Trying to grab objects with their hands, then bringing them to their mouth
- Sitting up right with support
- Moving their arms and kicking their legs
- Beginning to roll over from their stomach to back and then back to their stomach
Socially and Emotionally
- Expressing themselves by smiling, laughing when happy or crying or turning away when they feel fear, anger or pain
- Responding to a shaking rattle and peek-a-boo games
- Begin to use eyes and hands together
- Use mouth to examine objects
- Using verbal and non-verbal cues to let you know their needs
- Beginning to reach for objects
- Trying to talk to their image in the mirror
Nurturing your child is important at every age. At this age all they need is your attention and affection, not disciplinary action. You should always pick up your baby when they cry and try to understand what the cues are of what they need. Are they trying to tell us they are wet, hungry or tired? We should respond to their needs when we can figure them out and this will lead to trust and bonding with your child. Play, play and play with your baby! Exposure to toys at an early age will activate your baby’s imagination and help their brain grow. This will also attribute to the strong relationship and bonding you will have with your child. Babies learn language by listing to you talk. So talk! Talk! Talk! to your baby throughout the day whenever you are with them. Talk about what you are doing, the room you are in or the toy you are playing with. When a baby starts to make sounds coming from their mouth they are trying to imitate you. So talk, read and sing with your baby often.
For more information on your child’s development, go to bornlearning.com. If you have any concerns about your child’s health, contact your pediatric doctor’s office.