West Central Michigan field crop regional report – June 26, 2014
Warm temperatures and rain showers have benefited nearly all crops in the West Central region this week.
June 26, 2014 - Author: Fred Springborn, Michigan State University Extension
Measureable rain has fallen in the region five of the last seven days with variable amounts. Most areas have received in access of 1.5 inches with some areas receiving well over 2.5 inches. According to the Michigan State University Entrican Enviro-weather station, air temperatures have ranged from 62 degrees Fahrenheit on June 20 to 83 F on June 22, with nighttime lows in the mid-50s to mid-60s. Average humidity levels have been in the low to mid-80s.
Corn growth has advanced rapidly this week, with much of the crop reaching V7 to V10. There are still a number of fields that are behind, but overall the crop appears to be on track. Few significant insect pest issues to report this week; there are a few true armyworms, but the population is very low in almost all cases. The primary pest issue is weed control, as the abundant moisture has also aided weed germination and growth.
Soybeans are advancing with most fields having two to three trifoliates expanded. As with corn, weed control seems to be the primary challenge. Soybean aphid can be found, but at very low levels.
Alfalfa growth is progressing. Most second cutting is 24-30 inches in height, however, there is a significant amount of first cutting still around that is in full bloom. Those who have been looking to make dry hay have found this year to be challenging. There is still a lot of first cutting mixed hay and grass hay yet to be cut. Michigan State University Extension recommends alfalfa producers to begin scouting for potato leafhopper, as this pest has arrived in Central Michigan.
Dry bean planting is for the most part complete. Emergence has been rapid and stands have been good.
Other Michigan State University Extension field crop regional reports from this week: