James Bence

 Education       Background       Research       Publications

BENCE_photoCo-Director, Professor
Office Location: 11C Natural Resources Building
Phone: 517-432-3812
E-mail: bence@msu.edu
Area of Expertise/Interest: Quantitative fish population dynamics; stock assessment and ecology

 

Education

  • Ph.D. - Biological Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1985
  • M.A. - Applied Statistics, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1985
  • B.S. - Biology, University of Notre Dame, 1979
     

Background

My position is part of the Partnership for Ecosystem Health and Management. My research is in the general area of quantitative fisheries with an emphasis on Great Lakes applications. Recent work has focused on evaluation of age-structured stock assessment methods and use of simulation models to evaluate different harvest policies and other management choices. My work has covered a broad range of topics including environmental impact assessments, bioenergetics applications, stock assessments and policy analyses for specific Great Lakes stocks, general assessment of methods, sea lamprey control/management, and population dynamics theory and modeling. I teach a graduate course in fish population dynamics. Perspective graduate students should see the Quantitive Fisheries Center website for information on assistantships and other opportunities.

 

Research Interests

  • Fishery stock assessment methods
  • Fishery management
  • Use of simulation tools in evaluating management strategies
  • Great Lakes fisheries
  • Environmetrics and environmental assessment
  • Population and community dynamics

Back to top 

Publications

2014

  • He, J.X., J.R. Bence, C.P. Madenjian, S.A. Pothoven, N.E. Dobiesz, D.G. Fielder, J.E. Johnson, M.P. Ebener, A.R. Cottrill, L.C. Mohr, and S. Koproski. In press (as of Nov. 2014). Using a system of time-varying models to quantify piscivory patterns during the rapid food-web changes in the main basin of Lake Huron. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.
  • Fielder, D.G., and J.R. Bence. 2014. Integration of auxiliary information in statistical catch-at-age (SCA) analysis of the Saginaw Bay stock of walleye in Lake Huron. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 34: 970-987.
  • Li, Y., J. R. Bence, and T.O. Brenden. 2014. (Advance version published online April 2014). An evaluation of alternative assessment approaches for intermixing fish populations: a case study with Great Lakes lake whitefish. ICES Journal of Marine Science.
  • Tsehaye, I., M. L. Jones, J. R. Bence, T. O. Brenden, C. P. Madenjian, and D.M. Warner. 2014. A multispecies statistical age-structured model to assess predator–prey balance: application to an intensively managed Lake Michigan pelagic fish community. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 71:627 - 644.
  • Tsehaye, I., M.L. Jones, T.O. Brenden, J.R. Bence, and R.M. Claramunt. 2014. Changes in the salmonine community of Lake Michigan and their implications for predator-prey balance. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143:420-437.


2013

  • Irwin, B.J., T. Wagner, J.R. Bence, M. Kepler, W.Liu, and D. Hayes. 2013. Estimating spatial and temporal components of variation for fisheries count data using negative binomial mixed models. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 142:171-183.
  • Prichard, C.G., and J.R. Bence. 2013.  Estimating wounding of lake trout by sea lamprey in the upper Great Lakes: allowing for changing size-specific patterns.  Journal of Great Lakes Research 39:110-119. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting J.R. Bence at bence@msu.edu
  • Wagner, T, B.J. Irwin, J.R. Bence, and D.B Hayes. In press. Detecting temporal trends in freshwater fisheries surveys: statistical power and the important linkages between management question and monitoring objectives. Fisheries
  • Molton, K.J., T.O. Brenden, and J.R. Bence. 2013. Harvest levels that conserve spawning biomass can provide larger and more stable and sustainable yields in intermixed fisheries. Fisheries Research 147:264-283. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting T.O. Brenden at brenden@anr.msu.edu


2012

  • Deroba, J.J., and J.R. Bence. 2012. Evaluating harvest control rules for lake whitefish in the Great Lakes: accounting for variable life-history traits. Fisheries Research 121-122:88-103. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting J.J. Deroba at deroba@noaa.gov.
  • Brenden, T.O., J.R. Bence, and E.B. Szalai. 2012. An age-structured integrated assessment of Chinook salmon population dynamics in Lake Huron’s main basin since 1968. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:919-933.
  • Irwin, B. J., W. Liu, J. R. Bence, and M. L. Jones. 2012. Defining economic injury levels for sea lamprey control in the Great Lakes Basin. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 32:760-771.
  • Molton, K.J., T.O. Brenden, and J.R. Bence. 2012. Control rule performance for intermixing lake whitefish populations in the 1836 Treaty waters of the Great Lakes: a simulation-based evaluation. Journal of Great Lakes Research 38:686-698. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting T.O. Brenden at brenden@anr.msu.edu


2011

  • Irwin, B.J., M.J., Wilberg, M.L. Jones, and J.R. Bence. 2011. Applying structured decision making to recreational fisheries management. Fisheries 36(3):113-122.
  • Bence, J. R. and D.B. Hayes.  2012.  into fishery publications.  Pages 65-87 in C. A. Jennings, T. Lauer, and B. Vondracek, editors.  Scientific communicationIntegrating statistical methods and resultson for natural resource professionals.  American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.
  • Berger, A.M., M.L. Jones, Y. Zhao, and J.R. Bence. 2012. Accounting for spatial population structure at scales relevant to life history improves stock assessment: the case for Lake Erie walleye Sander vitreus. Fisheries Research 115-116:44-59. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting A.M. Berger at aaronb@spc.int.

2010

  • Fenichel, E.P., R.D. Horan, and J.R. Bence. 2010. Indirect management of invasive species through biocontrols: a bioeconomic model of salmon and alewife in Lake Michigan. Resource and Energy Economics 32:500-518. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting J.R. Bence at bence@msu.edu.
  • Linton, B.C., and J.R Bence. 2010. Catch-at-age assessments in the face of time-varying selectivity. ICES Journal of Marine Science 68:611-625.
  • Madenjian, C.P., S.A. Pothoven, P.J. Schneeberger, M.P. Ebener, L.C. Mohr, T.F. Nalepa, and J.R. Bence. 2010. Dreissenid mussels are not a “dead end” in Great Lakes food webs. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36(Suppl. 1):75-79. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting J.R. Bence at bence@msu.edu

2009

  • Deroba, J.J. and J.R. Bence. 2009. Developing model-based indices of lake whitefish abundance using commercial fishery catch and effort data in Lakes Huron, Michigan, and Superior. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 29: 50-63.
  • Jones, M. L., B. J. Irwin, G. J. A. Hansen, H. A. Dawson, A. J. Treble, W. Liu, W. Dai, and J. R. Bence. 2009. An operating model for the integrated pest management of Great Lakes sea lampreys. The Open Fish Science Journal 15:59-73.

2008

  • Deroba, J.J., and J.R. Bence. 2008. A review of harvest policies: understanding relative performance of control rules. Fisheries Research 94(3): 210-223. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting J.R. Bence at bence@msu.edu.
  • He, J.X., J.R.Bence, J.J. Johnson, D.F. Clapp, and M.P. Ebener. 2008. Modeling variation in mass-length relations and condition indices of lake trout and Chinook salmon in Lake Huron: a hierarchical Bayesian approach. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137:801-817.
  • Brenden, T.O.,and J.R. Bence. 2008. Comment: use of piecewise regression models to estimate changing relationships in fisheries. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 28:844-846.
  • Wilberg, M.J. and J.R. Bence. 2008. Performance of deviance information criterion model selection in statistical catch-at-age analysis. Fisheries Research 93(1-2):212-221. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting M.J. Wilberg at wilberg@cbl.umces.edu.
  • Wilberg, M.J., B.J. Irwin, M.L. Jones, J.R. Bence. 2008. Effects of source-sink dynamics on harvest policy performance for yellow perch in southern Lake Michigan. Fisheries Research 94(3):282-289. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting M.J. Wilberg at wilberg@cbl.umces.edu.
  • Irwin, B.J., M.J. Wilberg, J.R. Bence, M.L. Jones. 2008. Evaluating alternative harvest policies for yellow perch in southern Lake Michigan. Fisheries Research 94(3):267-281. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting B.J. Irwin at irwin@uga.edu.
  • Linton, B.C. and J.R. Bence. 2008. Evaluating methods for estimating process and observation error variances in statistical catch-at-age analysis. Fisheries Research 94(1):26-35. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting B.C. Linton at lintonbr@msu.edu.
  • Bence, J.R., J.E. Johnson, J. He, J.S. Schaeffer, S. Riley, R.J. Young, M. Ebener, D. Reid, L.C. Mohr, D. Gonder, A. Cottrill, A. Woldt, T.J. Morse, G.C. Christie, and M. Ridgway. 2008. Offshore predators and their fish community. In The state of Lake Huron in 2004. Edited by J.R. Bence and L.C. Mohr. Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Special Publication 08-01. pp. 11-36.
  • Bence, J.R. and L.C. Mohr. 2008. State of Lake Huron: current and future. Edited by J.R. Bence and L.C. Mohr. Great Lakes Fishery Commission, Special Publication 08-01. pp. 71-75.
  • Bence, J.R., M.W. Dorn, B.J. Irwin, and A.E. Punt. 2008. Recent advances in the evaluation and implementation of harvest policies. Fisheries Research 94: 207-209. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting J.R. Bence at bence@msu.edu.
  • Jones, M.L., J.R. Bence, E.B. Szalai, and Wenjing Dai. 2008. Assessing stocking policies for Lake Michigan salmonine fisheries using decision analysis. Great Lakes Fishery Commitee Special Publication. In The state of Lake Michigan in 2005. Edited by D.F. Clapp and W. Horns. Great Lakes Fishery Commitee Special Publication 08-02. pp. 81-88.

2007

  • Peters, A.K., M.L. Jones, D.C. Honeyfield, and J.R. Bence. 2007. Monitoring energetic status of Lake Michigan Chinook salmon using water content as a predictor of whole-fish lipid content. Journal of Great Lakes Research 33(1):253-263. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting A.K. Peters at peter420@msu.edu.
  • Wagner, T., J.R. Bence, M.T. Bremigan, D.B. Hayes, and M.J. Wilberg. 2007. Regional trends in fish mean length at age: components of variance and the power to detect trends. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64(7): 968-978. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting T. Wagner at txw19@psu.edu.
  • Haeseker, S.L., M.L. Jones, R.M. Peterman, J.R. Bence, W. Dai, and G.C. Christie. 2007. Explicit consideration of uncertainty in Great Lakes fisheries management: decision analysis of sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) control in the St. Marys River. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64(10): 1456-1468. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting Dr. S.L. Haeseker at steve_haeseker@fus.gov.
  • Hayes, D.B., B. Thompson, J. Bence, and T. Kwak. 2007. Biomass, density and yield Estimators. Pages 327-374 in M. Brown and C. Guy, editors. Analysis and Interpretation of Freshwater Fisheries Data. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.  A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting J.R. Bence at bence@msu.edu.

2006

  • Wilberg, M.J., and J.R. Bence. 2006. Performance of time-varying catchability estimators in statistical catch-at-age analysis. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63(10): 2275-2285. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting M.J. Wilberg at wilberg@cbl.umces.edu.
  • Peacor, S.D., J.R. Bence, and C.A. Pfister. 2006. The effect of size-dependent growth and environmental factors on animal size variability. Theoretical Population Biology 71(1): 80-94. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting S.D. Peacor at peacor@msu.edu.
  • He, J.X., and J.R. Bence. 2007. Modeling annual growth variation using a hierarchical Bayesian approach and the von Bertalanffy growth function, with application to lake trout in southern Lake Huron. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 136: 318-330.

2005

  • Dobiesz, N.E., D.A. McLeish, R.L. Eshendroder, J.R. Bence, L.C. Mohr, B.A. Henderson, M.P. Ebener, T. Nalepa, A.P. Woldt, J.E. Johnson, R.L. Argyle, and J.C. Makarewicz. 2005. Ecology of the Lake Huron fish community 1970‑1999. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62:1432-1451. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting N.E. Dobiesz at dobieszn@msu.edu.
  • Jonas, J.L, D.F. Clapp, J.R. Bence, and M.E. Holey. 2005. Salmonine community. Pages 33-48 in M. E. Holey and T. N. Trudeau, editors. The state of Lake Michigan in 2000. Great Lakes Fishery Commission Special Publication 05-01, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
  • Madenjian, C.P., T.O. Höök, E.S. Rutherford, D.M. Mason, T.E. Croley II, E.B. Szalai, and J.R. Bence. 2005. Recruitment variability of alewives in Lake Michigan. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 134:218-230.
  • Radomski, P., J.R. Bence, and T.J. Quinn II. 2005. Comparison of virtual population analysis and statistical kill‑at‑age analysis for a recreational, kill‑dominated fishery. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 62:436-452. A reprint of this publication can be obtained by contacting J.R. Bence at bence@msu.edu.
  • Wilberg, M.J., J.R. Bence, B.T. Eggold, D. Makauskas, and D.F. Clapp. 2005. Yellow perch dynamics in southwestern Lake Michigan during 1986-2002. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 25:1130-1152.

2003

  • Bence, J.R. 2003. Book Review of Modelling and Quantitative Methods in Fisheries, Revised Printing, by M. Haddon. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 132: 1033-1034.
  • Rutter, M.A., and J.R. Bence. 2003. An improved method to estimate sea lamprey wounding rate on hosts with application to lake trout in Lake Huron. Journal of Great Lakes Research 29 (Supplement 1): 320-331.
  • Bence, J.R, R.A. Bergstedt, G.C. Christie, P.A. Cochran, M.P. Ebener, J.F. Koonce, M.A. Rutter, and W.D. Swink, 2003. Sea Lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) parasite-host interactions in the Great Lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research 29 (Supplement 1): 253-282.
  • Haeseker, S., M. Jones, and J. Bence. 2003. Estimating uncertainty in the stock-recruitment relationship for St. Marys River sea lampreys. Journal of Great Lakes Research 29 (Supplement 1): 728-741.
  • Stewart, T.J., J.R. Bence, R.A. Bergstedt, M.P. Ebener, F. Lupi, and M.A. Rutter. 2003. Recommendations for assessing sea lamprey damages: toward optimizing the control program in the Great Lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research 29 (Supplement 1): 783-893.
  • Ebener, M.P., J.R. Bence, R.A. Bergstedt, and K.M. Mullett. 2003. Classifying sea lamprey marks on Great Lakes lake trout: observer agreement, evidence on healing times between classes, and recommendations for reporting of marking statistics. Journal of Great Lakes Research 29 (Supplement 1): 283-296.
  • Young, R.J., M.L. Jones, J.R. Bence, R.B. McDonald, K.M. Mullett, and R.A. Bergstedt. 2003. Estimating parasitic sea lamprey abundance in Lake Huron from heterogeneous data sources. Journal of Great Lakes Research 29 (Supplement 1): 214-225.
  • Szalai, E.B., G.W. Fleischer, and J.R. Bence. 2003. Modeling time­varying growth using a generalized von Bertalanffy model with application to bloater (Coregonus hoyi) growth dynamics in Lake Michigan. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 60: 55­66
  • Ralston, S., J.R. Bence, M.B. Eldridge, and W.H. Lenarz. 2003. An approach to estimating rockfish biomass based on larval production, with application to Sebastes jordani. Fishery Bulletin 101: 129­146.

2002

  • Madenjian, C.P., G. L. Fahnenstiel, T.H. Johengen, T.F. Nalepa, H.A. Vanderploeg, G.W. Fleischer, P.J.Schneeberger, D.M. Benjamin, E.B. Smith, J.R. Bence, E.S. Rutherford, D.S. Lavis, D.M. Robertson, D.J. Jude, and M.P. Ebener. 2002. Dynamics of the Lake Michigan food web, 1970-2000. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59: 736-753.
  • Krause, A.E., D.B. Hayes, J.R. Bence, C.P. Madenjian, and R.M. Stedman. 2002. Measurement variability in nine Lake Michigan fish species. Journal of Great Lakes Research 28: 44-51.
  • Wilberg, M., J.R. Bence, and J.E. Johnson. 2002. Survival of juvenile lake trout stocked in western Lake Huron during 1974-1992. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22: 213-218.

2001

  • Stewart-Oaten, A., and J.R. Bence. 2001. Temporal and spatial variation in environmental assessment. Ecological Monographs 71:305-339

2000

  • Ward, C., R.L. Eshenroder, and J.R. Bence. 2000. Relative abundance of lake trout and burbot in the main basin of Lake Michigan in the early 1930s. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 129: 282-295.

1999

  • Sitar, S.P., J.R. Bence, J. Johnson, M.P. Ebener, and W.W. Taylor. 1999. Lake trout mortality and abundance in Southern Lake Huron. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 19:881-900.
  • Bence, J.R., and K.D. Smith. 1999. An overview of recreational fisheries of the Great Lakes. In W.W. Taylor and P. Fererri editors, Great Lakes Fisheries Policy and Management: a Binational Perspective. Michigan State University Press.

1997

  • Hansen, M.J., J.R. Bence, J.W. Peck, and W.W. Taylor. 1997. Evaluation of the relative importance of hatchery-reared and wild fish in the restoration of Lake Superior lake trout. Pages 492-497 in Hancock, D.A., D.C. Smith, A. Grant, and J.P. Beumer, editors. Developing and sustaining word fisheries resources: the state of science and management: 2nd World Fisheries Congress proceedings. CSIRO Publishing, Collingwood, VIC, Australia.
  • Sitar, S.P., J.R. Bence, W.W. Taylor, and J.E. Johnson. 1997. Sea Lamprey wounding rates on lake trout in Lake Huron, 1984-1994. Michigan Academician XXIX:21-37. 

1996

  • Bence, J.R., A. Stewart-Oaten, and S.C. Schroeter. 1996. Estimating the size of an effect from a Before-After-Control-Impact-Pairs design: the predictive approach applied to a power plant study. Pages 133­149 in R.J. Schmitt, and C.W. Osenberg, editors. Detecting Ecological Impacts: Concepts and Applications in Coastal Habitats. Academic Press, San Diego. 399 pages.

1995

  • Bence, J.R. 1995. Analysis of short time-series: correcting for autocorrelation. Ecology 76:628-639.

1993

  • Bence, J.R., A. Gordoa, and J.E. Hightower. 1993. The influence of age-selective surveys on the reliability of stock synthesis assessments. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50:827-840.
  • Schroeter, S.C., J.D. Dixon, J. Kastendiek, R.O. Smith, and J.R. Bence. 1993. Detecting the ecological effects of environmental impacts: A case study of kelp forest invertebrates. Ecological Applications 3:331-350.
  • Thomas, D.H., and J.R. Bence. 1993. Bocaccio. In W.S. Leet, editor. California's living resources and their utilization. Sea Grant Publication, U.C. Davis, Davis, California.

1992

  • Stewart-Oaten, A., J.R. Bence, and C. Osenberg. 1992. Assessing effects of unreplicated perturbations: no simple solutions. Ecology 73:1396-1404. 

1991

  • Laidig, T.E., S. Ralston, and J.R. Bence. 1991. Dynamics of growth in the early life history of shortbelly rockfish, Sebastes jordani. Fishery Bulletin 89:611-621
  • Bence, J.R. 1991. Bocaccio. Pages 23-24 in Status of living marine resources of the Pacific coast of the United States as Assessed in 1991. NOAA Tech. Memo. NOAA-TM-NMFS-NWFSC-210.

1990

  • Orr, B.K., W.W. Murdoch, and J.R. Bence. 1990. Population regulation, convergence, and cannibalism in Notonecta (Hemiptera). Ecology 71:68-82.

1989

  • Bence, J.R., and R.M. Nisbet. 1989. Space-limited recruitment in open systems: the importance of time delays. Ecology 70:1434-1441.
  • Nisbet, R.M., and J.R. Bence. 1989. Alternative dynamic regimes for canopy-forming kelp: a variant on density-vague population regulation. American Naturalist 134:377-408.

1988

  • Bence, J.R. 1988. Indirect effects and biological control of mosquitoes by mosquitofish. Journal of Applied Ecology 25:505-521.

1987

  • Murdoch, W.W., and J.R. Bence. 1987. General predators and unstable prey populations. Pages 17-29 in W.C. Kerfoot, and A. Sih, editors. Predation: direct and indirect impacts on aquatic communities, pages 17-29, University Press of New England, Hanover and London.

1986

  • Bence, J.R. 1986. Feeding rate and attack specialization: the roles of predator experience and energetic tradeoffs. Environmental Biology of Fishes 16:113-121.
  • Bence, J.R., and W.W. Murdoch. 1986. Prey size selection by the mosquitofish: relation to optimal diet theory. Ecology 67:324-336.

1985

  • Cooper, S.D., D.W. Smith, and J.R. Bence. 1985. Prey selection by freshwater predators with different foraging strategies. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 42:1720-1732.

1984

  • Bence, J.R., with S.M. Butler. 1984. A diet model for planktivores that follow density-independent rules for prey selection. Ecology 65:1885-1894.

1983

  • Bence, J.R., and W.W. Murdoch. 1983. Some indirect effects of Gambusia upon Culex tarsalis survival in rice fields. Bulletin of the Society for Vector Ecology 8:37.

1982

  • Bence, J.R., and W.W. Murdoch. 1982. Ecological studies of insect predators and Gambusia in rice fields: a preliminary report. Proceedings of the California Mosquito and Vector Control Association 50:48-49.
  • Bence, J.R., and W.W. Murdoch. 1982. Gambusia as a predator on Notonecta: laboratory experiments. Proceedings of the California Mosquito and Vector Control Association 50:50-51.

Back to top