Broadleaf plantain – Plantago major

Broadleaf plantain

Plantago major L.
Plantaginaceae (Plantain family)

Life cycle

Rosette-forming simple perennial.


All leaves originate from a basal rosette. Cotyledons are long and spatula-shaped. Leaves are generally smooth and broadly to narrowly oval, with parallel veins and smooth to slightly wavy leaf margins. Leaf base tapers to a distinct petiole. Petioles are usually green but occasionally pale pink.


No visible aboveground stem. Short taproot present.

Flowers and fruit

Leafless stalks bear long, dense, cylinder-shaped flowering spikes and fruit resembling a rat tail. Single flowers are inconspicuous.Fruiting capsules yield many narrowly oval, usually glossy brown seeds.



Broadleaf plantain rosette
Broadleaf plantain seedling
Broadleaf plantain flower

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