Enchanter's nightshade plant

Enchanter's nightshade - Circaea canadensis (L.) Hill

Enchanter’s Nightshade – Circaea  lutetiana L. ssp. canadensis (L.) Hill

Onagraceae (Evening Primrose family)

MI Status


Life Cycle



The leaves are opposite and are up to 5” long and 3” wide. They have toothed edges, egg-shaped to oblong, and taper to a point. The petioles are 1-2” long. Leaves tend to become smaller toward the top of the plant.


The main stem is unbranched and white hairs may be present. The central stem terminates in a raceme of flowers.

Flowers and fruit

Each flower consists of 2 white petals that are deeply divided into 2 lobes. The flower stalks are covered in short white hairs. The base of each flower contains a 2-celled ovary that is green and covered with stiff hooked hairs. Each cell contains a single tear-drop shaped seed. When mature the hooked hairs can attach themselves to animal fur or human clothing for seed dispersion.


Seeds and rhizomes.

Enchanter's nightshade leaf
Enchanter's nightshade stem
Enchanter's nightshade fruit



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