Identifying Trees of Michigan (E2332)


November 10, 2015 - Author:

Identifying Trees of Michigan

Forests are an important feature of the Michigan landscape. Nearly 18 million acres or essentially 50 percent of the land area of the state are occupied by forest vegetation. These forests contribute significantly to the economic well-being of the state through a variety of products. Michigan’s forests also provide an environment for many recreational activities while creating a habitat favorable for many wildlife species. Forests also make important contributions to the quality of Michigan’s many lakes and streams.

Michigan’s forests are diverse. More than 100 different species of trees grow in the state. Not all trees are present in all locations, reflecting species preferences for differing sites and environments. In addition to the many native species, several other trees have been introduced into the statae and can be found in many locations.

This publication briefly describes 64 of the more common trees present in Michigan. It is designed to assist anyone with an interest in tree identification in becoming better acquainted with some of the most important trees in the state. Illustrations, keys and other descriptive information are provided.

Trees identified in this bulletin.

Ash: American Mountain, Black, White

Aspen: Large-toothed, Trembling

Basswood: American


Birch: Gray, Paper, Yellow



Catalpa: Northern

Cedar: Eastern Red, Northern White

Cherry: Wild Black

Chestnut: Horse

Cottonwood: Eastern

Dogwood: Flowering

Elm: American, Rock, Slippery

Fir: Balsam

Gum: Black


Hemlock: Eastern

Hickory: Bitternut, Shagbark

Hophornbeam: Eastern

Kentucky Coffeetree

Locust: Honey

Maple: Black, Norway, Red, Silver, Striped, Sugar

Mulberry: Red

Oak: Black, Bur, Northern Red, Pin, Swamp White, White

Orange: Osage

Pine: Austrian, Eastern White, Jack, Red, Scotch

Poplar: Balsam, White



Spruce: Black, Norway, White

Sumac: Staghorn



Thorn: Variable

Tulip Tree

Walnut: Black

Willow: Black 

For diagrams and information, please look in the PDF available.


Tags: forestry, natural resources


Robert Schutzki

Robert Schutzki

Robert Schutzki

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