The impact of COVID-19 and other shocks on agri-food SMEs along the poultry and fish value chains in Niger State, Nigeria


January 8, 2021 - Balaraba Sule, L. Saweda O. Liverpool-Tasie, Ben Belton, Oyinkan Tasie, Thomas Reardon and Osawe Wellington

Key Messages:

  • The COVID-19 pandemic and associated policies severely affected the operations of small businesses along the poultry and fish value chains in Niger State. The number of small businesses in operation declined in the months after the lockdown period, indicating a medium to long term effect.

  • There was a steady decline in the number of regular workers employed by small businesses after the lockdown. This may be an indication of a severe long-term effect of the pandemic and associated policies on business operations.

  • Employment of daily laborers was also disrupted. Both small and non-small businesses experienced a decline in the number of daily laborers contracted in all supply chain segments, except for small businesses in the downstream supply chain (fish, chicken, and egg retailers).

  • Businesses along the fish and poultry value chains faced increasing challenges during and after the lockdown. Numerous businesses faced financial difficulties in the months after the lockdown.

  • No assistance was received by the value chain actors from any of the Government agencies during the period


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