Violence incidence in Food Supply Chains: the case of Nigerian Maize Traders

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June 1, 2023 - Author: Carolina M. Vargas, Lenis Saweda O. Liverpool-Tasie, and Thomas Reardon

Key Findings

  • The increase in the presence of non-state armed actors (NSAA) has increased violence-related shocks.
  • Female traders have a higher chance of experiencing a violence shock. Women traders were more vulnerable to farmer-herder conflict and banditry than to Boko Haram.
  • Both large and small traders are affected similarly by political and ethnic-related conflict.
  • Urban traders have a higher probability of experiencing a violence shock, particularly for Boko Haram and banditry.
  • There was a lot of NSAA at the origin (procure) and the destination (supply) of traders’ procurement and supply

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