Outputs, Outcomes, and Impacts

USAID’s agricultural research goal through the Dry Grain Pulses CRSP is to apply the benefits of modern science to address and to meet such developmental goals as poverty alleviation, food security, and environmental sustainability. The impact pathway for achieving development goals from CRSP’s research investments is conceptualized as follow: Investments made by the Pulse CRSP in financial, human, and material resources form the inputs, which generate outputs in the form of technologies (improved products, practices, materials, intellectual property, etc.), knowledge, innovations, and policy recommendations.

To generate welfare impacts, these outputs need to be transferred to end users (farmers, policy makers, processors, consumers, and other actors in the agricultural value chain), which is mostly done by development partners (e.g., extension service providers, NGOs, the private sector, etc.). The adoption, uptake, and use of these research outputs then lead to changes in indicators of research goals (e.g., production, income, consumption) at the end-user level, which when aggregated across adopters and sufficiently scaled-up leads to changes in long-term development goals: poverty, food security, and environmental sustainability as a result of equilibrium and spillover effects (i.e., impacts).

The following links present an overview of the scientific outputs, outcomes, and impacts along the impact pathway of past and current CRSP investments in research on beans and cowpeas.

Scientific outputs

Outcomes and Impacts

Impact Briefs


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