Canada anemone

Anemone canadensis L.

Family: Ranunculaceae (buttercup)

  • Bloom Period:
    • Early,
  • Growth Cycle:
    • Perennial,
  • Growth Habit:
    • Forbs/Herbs,
  • Insect Type Attracted:
    • Natural Enemy,
    • Pollinator,
  • Light:
    • Full,
    • Partial,
  • Region:
    • Northern Lower Peninsula,
    • Southern Lower Peninsula
  • Soil Moisture:
    • Medium,
  • Height:
    • 1-2ft

Natural enemies attracted

Moderately attractive: Orius insidiosus, Empididae, and Chalcidoidea.

Mildly attractive: Braconidae, Thomisidae, Cynipoidea and Plagiognathus politus.

Pollinators attracted

Mildly attractive: sweat bees.

Pests attracted

Moderately attractive: lygus bugs.

Mildly attractive: thrips, froghoppers, leafhoppers, root-maggot flies and aphids.

Plant notes

White flowers 2-3 inches across bloom on this plant throughout June. Plants filled in well in the second year of growth and grew 1-2 ft tall by the third growing season. This species was the third most attractive to natural enemies in the early season, with three times as many natural enemies as the grass control.


This plant grows in full sun to partial shade, and mid-range soil moisture (neither very wet nor very dry). Its natural habitat includes areas of open moist ground, including shores, meadows, roadsides, railroad banks, clearings and borders of woods.

Cultivation and management

Canada anemone has a low success rate when grown from seed, but flowers in its second or third year. It also can be grown from plug material; plant plugs will establish and roots spread horizontally to form a carpet of plants and flowers after several years (It flowers in the first or second year.). This plant spreads quickly once established, and can be opportunistic.