Variety trials - 2019 Michigan Forage Variety Test Report

Michigan Forage Variety Test Report 2019

 

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2019 Michigan Forage Variety Test Report

Kim Cassida and Joe Paling

Forage Factsheet #20-01

 

Forage crops are essential components of diversified agricultural production systems in Michigan. They provide feed for livestock, fix nitrogen for crop rotations, reduce soil erosion, improve soil structure, fertility and water retention, protect water quality, provide habitat for wildlife, generate biomass for fuel conversion, and create eye appeal to landscapes. Competition from row crops for land use continues to squeeze forage production acres while equipment, land, and labor costs increase. Under these market conditions, the importance of improving yield per acre through use of better forage varieties is an important component of profitability. Michigan hay prices were good in 2019, and a one-ton increase of average quality alfalfa hay yield was worth $130 to 160/acre.

 

2019 Conditions

 

Annual rainfall total and 30-year averages for April through October in East Lansing in southern Lower Michigan, Lake City in northern Lower Michigan, and Chatham in the Upper Peninsula are in Table 1. Weather conditions in 2019 in Michigan were challenging for almost every crop, and planting and harvesting of forages was no exception. Excessive rainfall started in late May and continued through much of June. Dry conditions prevailed in July and August and again turned wet in September and October. Precipitation totals in June and October were well above normal at all three locations in 2019. July and August totals were well below normal below normal. Wet conditions for much of the state in first cutting delayed harvest past the optimum maturity stage for cutting. Start of first cutting at East Lansing and Lake City was delayed 2 to 3 weeks due to rain. Even when rain was not falling the soil was too wet causing continued delays in harvest. First cutting at Chatham was also scheduled around the frequent rains, but harvest was completed on schedule.

Subsequent harvests during the summer growing season were based on the plant maturity and growth. Fall harvests were again scheduled around weather and soil moisture conditions.

2019 - Alfalfa and Red Clover Alfalfa Variety Trials

Total test yields of alfalfa varieties planted at multiple locations in Michigan variety trials since 2010 are listed in Tables 4 through 7. Yields for individual cuttings and years are in Tables 11 to 19 (pages 19 to 22) and may also be found at the MSU Forage Connection Website http://www.forage.msu.edu.

 

In 2019, alfalfa variety trials were cut four times at East Lansing, three times at Lake City, and two times Chatham. First cutting at all three locations were scheduled around and between the wet weather. Alfalfa trial cutting dates at East Lansing were June 18-26, July 15-22, August 22-30, and October 25 - November 5. First cutting at Lake City was on July 3, about 3 weeks later than desired, second cutting was on August 14, and third was on October 9.

Cutting dates at Chatham were on June 26 and July 31 and third cut was not removed due to the poor late season growth caused by the dry conditions. Yields from the 24 conventional varieties in the 2016 seeding averaged 5.71 and ranged from 4.99 to 6.10 tons/acre. The six Roundup Ready® varieties averaged 5.08 and ranged from 4.72 to 5.50 tons/acre. In the 2017 conventional trial, total yield averaged 5.20 and ranged from 4.70 to 5.76 tons per acre. Three Roundup Ready® alfalfa varieties in the 2017 seeding averaged 5.03 tons per acre. Fifteen conventional varieties were seeded in 2018 and the average total yield was 5.23 and ranged from 4.47 to 5.86 tons/acre. A new trial of 20 conventional varieties was established at East Lansing in 2019. Average total seeding-year yield in this trial was 1.13, with 0.66 and 0.47 tons/acre, respectively, in first and second cutting and are listed in Table 26 (page 30).

 

The 2016 seeding was the only alfalfa trial harvested at Lake City in 2019. Varieties in this trial suffered substantial winter injury in one corner of the trial, approximately ¼ of the plots. Yearly yield in this trial has been between 3 and

 

3.5 tons per acre per year in 2017 and 2018 and the average total yield among the varieties in the remaining plots was similar to those obtained in the previous years. Average total yield of the four conventional varieties was 3.47 and ranged from 3.12 to 3.62 tons/acre. Average total yield of the four Roundup Ready® varieties was 3.24 and ranged from 3.03 to 3.52 tons/acre.

 

New trials of conventional and Roundup Ready® alfalfa varieties were seeded at Chatham in the Upper Peninsula in 2018. First cutting at Chatham was scheduled between the frequent rains, and was removed close to the desired maturity (late bud to early bloom).

Average yield with two cuttings of the varieties in the conventional seeding was 2.77 and ranged from 2.60 to 2.86 tons/acre. Yields of the varieties in the Roundup Ready ® seeding averaged 2.30 and ranged from 2.22 to 2.36 tons/acre. A new trial of conventional alfalfa varieties was established at Chatham in 2019, but was not harvested for yield.

 

Red Clover Variety Trials

 

Red clover is a short-lived perennial legume that is well-adapted to Michigan. It is used for hay, haylage, pasture, and cover cropping. It is among the most shade-tolerant legumes and is easy to establish by conventional methods and frost-seeding. These trials are conducted using the same methods as the alfalfa tests, but for a shorter time period. A new red clover variety trial was seeded in May 2017 at East Lansing. The trial was cut two times in 2017, the seeding

 

Image containing contact info for AgBioResearch at Michigan State Univeristy

Table 1. Actual and 30-year average precipitation (Inches) from April to October 2012 to 2019 at three variety test sites

across Michigan.

 

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Avg

 

Apr

East Lansing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.53

7.78

1.07

1.10

1.22

5.17

2.18

2.29

2.87

May

3.40

4.35

3.66

4.83

2.97

2.47

4.96

3.80

3.18

June

1.50

5.23

5.60

7.23

0.97

2.30

1.60

7.52

3.67

July

1.80

2.49

2.97

2.89

3.76

2.30

2.18

2.55

3.13

Aug

2.70

5.74

5.33

6.15

6.83

1.99

4.21

1.16

3.69

Sept

2.52

0.89

4.49

4.34

3.47

1.26

3.48

3.60

3.61

Oct

4.69

5.24

2.41

1.92

3.70

8.15

5.66

6.03

2.75

Total

18.14

31.72

25.53

28.46

22.92

23.64

24.27

26.95

22.90

 

Apr

Lake City

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.20

5.09

6.58

2.58

2.20

5.50

3.69

3.32

2.95

May

5.30

3.02

3.29

4.57

2.26

2.78

3.70

4.00

3.22

June

3.03

1.87

2.94

2.91

2.21

4.96

1.01

5.57

3.39

July

7.32

2.03

3.17

2.25

5.74

2.43

2.24

1.74

2.81

Aug

1.97

4.15

1.69

4.10

2.25

2.31

3.69

2.14

3.72

Sept

3.45

1.66

4.07

4.14

3.30

1.66

2.15

5.29

3.63

Oct

4.35

3.09

4.29

2.78

3.07

7.62

5.00

5.49

3.30

Total

27.62

20.91

26.03

23.33

21.03

27.26

21.48

27.55

23.02

 

Apr

Chatham

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.05

3.30

3.32

2.03

3.21

5.25

2.02

2.56

2.15

May

2.43

2.20

3.36

5.60

3.45

4.99

1.36

5.53

3.05

June

4.34

2.77

3.85

2.67

2.34

7.36

4.48

2.52

3.02

July

4.47

4.78

4.27

2.15

3.44

1.74

5.08

1.42

3.41

Aug

2.12

2.68

3.18

1.86

3.67

5.50

4.32

2.70

3.17

Sept

5.13

2.71

3.53

2.41

4.78

3.26

5.40

5.08

4.21

Oct

5.55

3.06

6.98

4.25

6.90

7.82

8.02

7.25

4.47

Total

25.09

21.50

28.49

20.97

27.79

35.92

30.68

27.06

23.48

 

year, four times in 2018, and only three times in 2019. 2019 yields of red clover in the 2017 seeding averaged 3.74 and ranged from 3.11 to 4.01 tons per acre. A second red clover trial was seeded in 2018 in late summer. This trial was not cut in the seeding year and was harvested for yield four times in 2019. Yields of the red clover varieties in the 2018 seeding averaged 4.73 and ranged from 3.26 to 5.28 tons/acre. The ‘common’ red clover variety was dead after the third cut in the 2018 seeding and after the second cut of the 2017 seeding. Yields from the two trials in 2019, per cut and total, are listed in Tables 24 and 25 (page 29).

 

2019 Grass Variety Trials

 

Perennial Cool-Season Variety Trials

Cool-season grass species seeded in trials at East Lansing and Lake City since 2016 were harvested in 2019. Perennial grass trials seeded at East Lansing were harvested three times. Cutting dates in East Lansing were: cut 1 - June 8-14, cut 2 – July 23-25, and cut 3 was between October 10 and 20, as weather and soil conditions allowed. Yields at East Lansing were highest in the first cutting and lowest in the third and final cut. Three cuttings were removed at Lake City: July 3, August 14, and October 9. Yields at Lake City were highest in first cutting and lowest in the second, mid-summer cutting. Timely rain in late August and September resulted in respectable yields in October.

 

Five cool-season grass species or hybrid groups (orchardgrass, fescue, perennial

ryegrass, timothy, and festulolium) are currently being evaluated for yield, maturity at first cutting, and persistence. A brief description of grass species with a summary of management recommendations is in Table 2. Long-term yields of grass varieties seeded in Michigan trials are reported in

Tables 8 and 9. Yields for individual cuttings and years are in Tables 20 to 23 (pages 23 to

28) and may also be found on the MSU Forage Connection Website at http://www.forage.msu.edu,

 

Grass trials at East Lansing were harvested before the alfalfa trials in 2019. The grass root system provided a firmer surface in the wet soil conditions and allowed for the harvest machinery to drive across the field without creating ruts that damage hayfields.

Distribution of yields in these three variety trials was concentrated in first and second cutting. Almost 90% of the yearly total yield was from first and second cutting. First-cut accounted for 55% and second cut 35% on the seasonal yield. Higher than average rainfall between first and second cut and low rainfall/dry between second and third cut caused low yields in October. The rain in September and early October was too little too late.

 

In 2016, 5 tall fescue, 2 meadow fescue, 2

festulolium (fescue type), 4 orchardgrass, 5 perennial ryegrass, and 3 timothy varieties, respectively, were seeded at East Lansing. Yields of tall fescue averaged 4.04 and ranged from 3.88 to 4.39, meadow fescue yields were

2.79 and 3.23, fescue- type festulolium yields were 3.50 and 4.12, respectively. Orchardgrass average total yield was 4.05 and ranged from

3.88 to 4.29, timothy average yield was 4.25 and ranged from 3.77 to 4.56, and the perennial ryegrass average yield was 3.10 and ranged from 2.60 to 3.66 tons per acre, respectively.

 

In 2017, 6 perennial ryegrass, 1 festulolium (ryegrass type), 3 tall fescue, 3 meadow fescue, 3 orchardgrass, and 2 timothy varieties, respectively, were seeded at East Lansing. The festulolium and ryegrass were seeded in the same trial. The festulolium variety yield was 4.75, slightly higher than the 6 ryegrass varieties that averaged 3.65, ranging from 3.28 to 4.14 tons/acre. Tall fescue varieties average yield 5.31 and ranged from 5.14 to 5.61, meadow fescue average was 4.27 and ranged from 3.95 to 4.67, orchardgrass average was 4.02 and ranged from 3.62 to 4.45, and the two timothy varieties yielded 4.79 and 5.49 tons per acre, respectively. Yields of the two timothy and the one festulolium variety were higher in 2019 than in 2018. Yields in 2019 of all of the other varieties in this trial were either the same or lower than in in 2018.

 

In 2018, 6 perennial ryegrass, 3 festulolium (ryegrass type), 6 tall fescue, 3 meadow fescue, and 3 timothy varieties, respectively, were seeded in trials at East Lansing. Dry matter yield of tall fescue averaged 5.91 and ranged from 5.41 to 6.40, meadow fescue yields averaged 5.32 and ranged from 5.20 to 5.50, timothy average yield was 5.01 and ranged from 4.87 to 5.20, the perennial ryegrass average yield was 4.54 and ranged from 3.54 to 5.40, festulolium (ryegrass-type) yield averaged was 6.13 and ranged from 5.89 to 6.31 tons per acre, respectively.

 

A new perennial grass variety trial was planted in the first week of August in 2019. The perennial ryegrass varieties were cut once in late October and the average yield was 1 ton/acre (Table 27, page 30).

 

At Lake City, perennial grass yields were

obtained from three cuttings. Average total yield of tall fescue, orchardgrass, perennial ryegrass, festulolium, and timothy were more than 25 percent higher in 2019 than in 2018. The second-year yield of orchardgrass ranged from 4.38 to 4.98, tall fescue ranged from 5.95 to 6.22, perennial ryegrass and festulolium ranged from 4.21 to 5.38, and two varieties of timothy yielded 5.30 and 5.17 tons/acre, respectively. Two varieties of meadow fescue yielded 3.71 and 3.68 tons per acre. On average, more than 60 percent of the total forage yield was obtained in the first cutting and almost 85 percent of the total yield for the year was from the first and last cut. The mid- summer yield was again low due to dry conditions during the summer.

 

Grass varieties may be marketed as early, medium, or late maturing. Grass maturity should be matched to legume maturity when planting in mixtures. Plant maturity ratings are reported in Table 10 for East Lansing and Lake City as the date when varieties reached 50% heading in the first cutting of the established trials. Variety maturity that does not reach 50% heading before the harvest date are rated as either vegetative, boot, or early heading. In general, earliest to latest maturity within a species at East Lansing and Lake City was about a week. In some instances, the span from earliest to latest date within a species has been as high as 10 days at East Lansing and about 7 days at the northern locations. Using ‘Potomac’ orchardgrass check as a marker in 2019, grasses generally reached 50% heading about 10 days later in Lake City than in East Lansing.

 

Annual Forage Trials - 2019 Data

 

A small annual grass trial of Italian and annual ryegrass varieties was planted in late July 2018 and harvested in September and in late October. Total dry matter yields with two cuttings averaged 1.25 tons/acre total in the seeding year. These plots were harvested as demonstration plots in June and July in 2019. Italian ryegrass averaged 2.2 and 1.3 tons/acre in cuts 1 and 2 in 2019, slightly higher than the annual ryegrass varieties average of 1.9 and 1.0 tons/acre for the 2 cuts 2019.

 

A similar trial with Italian and annual ryegrass varieties was planted in early August 2019.

This trial was harvested once in October 2019. Seven varieties of Italian and annual ryegrass averaged 1.3 tons per acre, ranging from 1.1 to

1.5. (Table 28, page 30). This trial will be evaluated for winter survival and targeted for two cuttings in 2020.

 

ALFALFA VARIETY TEST

 

Michigan State University has evaluated more than 100 commercially available alfalfa varieties in its alfalfa variety trials since 2009. Plant breeders, developers, and marketers submit alfalfa varieties for evaluation. Varieties seeded in these trials are evaluated for yield and

persistence for three full years after the seeding year. Testing locations in 2018 for the Michigan alfalfa variety trials were the Upper Peninsula Research and Extension Center at Chatham, the Lake City Research Center at Lake City, and the Michigan State University Agronomy Farm at East Lansing. Because glyphosate is used for weed control in Roundup-Ready trials, these are conducted as separate tests from conventional varieties.

Vernal, a highly fall-dormant (FD 2) public variety released in 1953 has poor disease resistance compared to modern varieties, is used as the historical check variety to maintain long-term comparisons across time. An index value for variety yield as a percent of Vernal is presented for each conventional alfalfa entry. Because there is no industry standard check variety with the RR trait, index values in RR alfalfa tests are presented as a percentage of the test average.

 

Alfalfa Trait Ratings

Ratings for plant traits are shown in Table 3. Roundup Ready (RR) varieties are resistant to the herbicide glyphosate (Roundup and many other trade names) which can simplify weed control during the critical alfalfa establishment phase.

 

Fall Dormancy and Winterhardiness Ratings.

Fall dormancy (FD) ratings are determined by the amount of regrowth after a mid- September cutting. They depend on alfalfa response to daylength and temperature and are useful as an indicator of growth rate potential after cutting or winter dormancy. Moderately dormant (FD = 5) varieties grow earlier in the spring and later in the fall, grow back faster at every cutting, mature a few days earlier, and often yield more than dormant (FD =3-4) or very dormant (FD = 1-2) varieties in the East Lansing test. The yield advantage of FD5 is much less at the Lake City and UP test locations, but tested FD5 varieties with adequate WSI have been persistent in our northern tests. Non-dormant alfalfa varieties (FD = 6-11) are not recommended for use in Michigan except as an annual or cover crop where survival for more than one growing season is not expected.

Winter survival index (WSI) is the preferred rating system for evaluating winterhardiness of alfalfa varieties. A lower WSI value indicates better winterhardiness, and WSI of 1-2 is recommended for Michigan. Within a FD rating, varieties can differ considerably for winter survival index (WSI). The FD and WSI ratings for varieties in the Michigan tests are given in Table 3.

 

Alfalfa Disease and Pest Ratings.

An alfalfa variety consists of a population of plants which are genetically different from each other. Varieties are described

according to the mean response of all plants, such as average yield, and as a frequency of certain types of plants, such as the percentage of plants resistant to some pest or disease. Thus, even in a "resistant" variety, only a portion of the plants will be resistant. Moderate resistance, for example, means that 15 to 30% of the established plants are resistant, leaving 70 to 85% susceptible. Therefore, a variety classified as resistant may still suffer damage from a disease, especially in the seedling stage.

Moderate resistance is generally considered adequate for good alfalfa production. A list of disease resistance ratings for varieties evaluated at MSU is provided in Table 3. Additional information and photos of alfalfa diseases can be found at www.alfalfa.org/pdf/AlfalfaAnalyst.pdf.

 

Bacterial Wilt (BW). BW is present in all of Michigan. All of the named varieties sold in Michigan are adequately resistant to BW.

 

Phytophthora Root Rot (PRR). This fungal disease, first found in Michigan in 1972, is now one of the state's most important alfalfa diseases. PRR occurs primarily on heavy or poorly drained soils, but any soil may result in severe injury if saturated for seven to ten days, especially to one- to two-month old seedlings. Planting seed treated with Apron or Stamina may further reduce disease when planting resistant varieties. Treating a susceptible variety, such as Vernal, with a seed fungicide is unlikely to compensate for susceptibility. Most of the highest yielding varieties entered in our tests are resistant to PRR.

 

Anthracnose (AN). This disease was first found in Michigan in 1976. It occurs during hot, moist summers and is most common in the southern third of Lower Michigan. The fungus infects stems and crowns and may kill some plants. We recommend that only anthracnose resistant varieties be planted in Michigan.

 

Verticillium Wilt (VW). First detected in Michigan in 1982, VW has not increased in severity as expected. It is generally introduced with infected seed and is usually not a problem until the third year, and then primarily in the first cutting. Growing alfalfa in rotation with corn will help break the disease cycle.

 

Aphanomyces (APH). Aphanomyces euteiches is a soil-borne fungus that is similar to PRR and thrives in cool-moist conditions. It can kill or severely stunt young seedlings and causes a chronic root disease in established plants. Seedlings infected with APH will have yellow leaves (chlorosis) and gray roots and stems. There are three races of APH. Race 1 and 2 are confirmed to be present in Michigan. Alfalfa resistant to race 2 is also resistant to race 1; however, resistance to race 1 does not infer resistance

to race 2. Resistance to APH should be considered when establishing alfalfa in poorly drained areas. Apron does not control APH, but Stamina may be helpful.

 

Stem nematode (SN). Ditylenchus dipsaci is a microscopic pest that can become a problem in areas where alfalfa is grown for many years. Symptoms of nematode damage include stunted plants and club-like stems. Crop rotation is the best method for controlling stem nematode.

 

How to Select an Alfalfa Variety for Michigan. Appropriate variety selection depends on location, desired stand life, cutting management, yield goal, and forage quality goal. Location matters because fewer cuttings are possible in shorter growing seasons.

Intensive six-cut systems are possible in southernmost counties, but it is rarely practical to get more than three cuts in the Upper Peninsula. Regardless of location, there is always a tradeoff between number of cuttings and stand persistence. More cuttings per year means shorter harvest intervals that result in greater forage quality and greater cumulative yield for the first three to four years. The tradeoff is reduced stand life because of stress on roots. Varieties chosen for short-term, intensively managed stands in Michigan (three to four years) should be: dormant to moderately dormant (FD= 4-5), winterhardy (WSI rating 1 to 2), high yielding, and resistant to bacterial wilt (BW) and anthracnose (AN). Resistance to phytophthora root rot (PRR) is also recommended when alfalfa is grown on damp, fine-textured soils. For stand life longer than four years or for

 

Northern Michigan and UP regions, select dormant (FD = 2-4), winterhardy (WSI 1 to 2) varieties with high yields and resistance to BW, AN, PRR, and VW. Keep in mind that the reliability of variety rankings increases with the number of environments (i.e. the number of tests) in which the variety has been tested.

Therefore, varieties that have been entered in only one or two tests may not perform as expected in a farm situation.

 

EVALUATION OF OTHER LEGUMES

 

Red clover (Trifolium pratense) varieties were seeded in 2017 and 2018 for evaluation in Michigan at East Lansing. Red clover is a good species for pasture renovation or works well as a short-term hay or haylage crop. Red clover usually produces greater yield in the seeding year than alfalfa, but generally only persists for two years. Improved varieties under proper management may persist beyond three years. These trials are being established and harvested for three years including the seeding year. Plot size is generally 3 ft wide by 20 to 25 ft long with 2 to 3 cuttings per year.

 

PERENNIAL COOL-SEASON GRASS TEST

A brief description of grass species with a summary of management recommendations is in Table 2. When selecting a grass variety, first consider adaptation of the species to the conditions of the proposed site and intended use as hay/haylage or pasture. Only then should individual varieties and desired yield come under consideration. The reliability of variety rankings increases with the number of environments (i.e. the number of tests) in which the variety has been tested. Therefore, varieties that have been entered in only one or two tests may not perform as expected in a farm situation.

 

Perennial cool-season grasses are evaluated for yield and persistence. Commercially available and experimental entries of orchardgrass, tall fescue, meadow fescue, timothy, perennial ryegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, and festulolium have been seeded in trials at the three locations. More than 50 varieties have been evaluated at East Lansing and more than 25 varieties have been planted at Lake City or Chatham. Nitrogen fertilizer is applied at green-up in early April and after each cutting.

 

Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) is a high-yielding, competitive, perennial bunchgrass that grows more rapidly than most other Michigan forages in the early spring. Orchardgrass grows well on a wide range of soil types, but is not well suited for wet sites. Orchardgrass has similar nutritive characteristics to timothy and smooth bromegrass and is often grown together with alfalfa. Because orchardgrass matures earlier than alfalfa, late-maturing varieties of orchardgrass are preferred when the two are grown in mixture.

 

Bromegrasses (Bromus spp.) are rhizomatous, sod-forming grasses that are high in forage quality and yield. Smooth bromegrass is one of the most winter- hardy grasses in Michigan and can be grown on a wide range of soil types.

Smooth bromegrass has poor regrowth potential, producing most of its yield in the first cutting, and it should not be grazed or cut during stem elongation or early heading to prevent a reduction in tillering. Meadow brome has better regrowth potential and heat tolerance than smooth brome.

Crosses between smooth and meadow brome, sometimes called Intermediate Brome, can have the best traits of both parents.

 

Timothy (Phleum pratense L.) is a bunchgrass that forms an open sod and persists well under poorly drained conditions. It is best known for its winterhardiness and ability to survive under ice sheeting. Timothy is a late-maturing grass that traditionally produces most of its yield in the first cutting and requires a long rest period after harvest, making it undesirable for harvest systems with more

than two cuttings. Newer timothy varieties are bred for better regrowth potential.

 

Fescues (Schedonorus spp.) are sod- forming grasses with good seasonal growth distribution, and especially good fall growth. Tall fescue is persistent under frequent short grazing, heavy traffic, heat, drought, and poor drainage on a range of soil types, but has less cold tolerance for Northern Michigan than many other grasses.

Tall fescue naturally contains an

endophytic fungus that aids plant stress tolerance, but produces alkaloids toxic to livestock eating the forage. Many new varieties of tall fescue are endophyte-free or contain “friendly” novel endophytes that are not toxic to animals. Tall fescue varieties containing the toxic wild-type endophyte (E+) are not recommended for Michigan. Meadow fescue has better forage quality, palatability, and cold tolerance than tall fescue and does not contain toxic endophytes, but yields less.

 

Ryegrasses (Lolium spp.) are sod-forming bunchgrasses that are noted for extremely high forage quality and good regrowth potential. Perennial ryegrass is suitable for rotational grazing and multiple harvests for haylage, but it lacks the winterhardiness of many other grasses in Michigan, will go dormant under hot, dry conditions, and is difficult to dry as hay because of its waxy leaf cuticle. It requires high fertility and performs best under irrigation in Michigan. Annual (Westerwold) and Italian ryegrasses are short-lived species that differ from each other primarily in vernalization requirement for flowering.

Italian ryegrass requires a cold period to initiate heading and annual ryegrass do not. Italian and annual ryegrasses are generally similar to perennial in adaptation and use characteristics, except that many varieties are not winterhardy in Michigan.

 

Festuloliums (Schedonorus x Lolium spp.) are crosses between a fescue (meadow or tall fescue) and a ryegrass (perennial or Italian ryegrass), thus combining the persistence and productivity of fescue with the palatability and nutritive quality of ryegrass. The large number of possible parent combinations results in a great range of appearance, yield and quality characteristics among festulolium varieties—some resemble fescue while others resemble ryegrass.

 

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) is a relatively short-statured, sod-forming perennial grass that is very palatable when vegetative. It persists under frequent, close grazing and is very winter hardy in Michigan, but is unpalatable when heading and quickly goes dormant under hot, dry summer conditions.

Because of low yield potential, Kentucky bluegrass is more suitable for grazed than harvested forage systems.

 

ANNUAL GRASS TESTS

 

Annual grass trials are planted in plots 4 ft wide by at least 20 ft long. Harvest area is from the center 3 ft (6 rows) of each plot. Weed control is usually not needed in this trial, and it is fertilized with 50 lbs/acre N prior to first cutting and after first and second cutting. These trials are planted in the spring and typically harvested three times in the seeding

year. Winter survival is evaluated the following spring and yield is obtained on surviving entries.

 

STATISTICS

 

For completed trials, yields are presented as the average annual yield for the three years after establishment. For trials not yet completed, averages are presented as the average annual yield for the years available, excluding the establishment year. Check varieties are included in most tests to provide reference points for estimation of relative differences among tests conducted in different years or sites. The relative difference among varieties is expressed as a percentage of the check variety yield. Choice of varieties used as checks is based on familiarity to most producers across a wide area of the USA. Where check varieties are not available, relative differences are expressed as a percentage of the test average.

 

Comparison of yields among varieties should only be made within a trial. Under these conditions, statistical tests allow accurate separation of true genetic effects from random variation attributed to field or weather conditions. Space restrictions prevent publication of the entire test results here, but statistics including Least Significant Difference (LSD) and coefficient of variation (CV) for all forage variety trials are listed in the yearly yield data reports posted on the web at Michigan State University Forage Connection http://www.forage.msu.edu.

 

 

Table 2. Planting specifications and site/use suitability of tested forage species in Michigan

 

Seeding rate

(lb/acre) †

 

Seeds/lb (approx.)

 

Ease of establishment

 

Stand life (yr)

 

Acid

 

Wet

 

Drought

 

Cold

 

Heat

 

Pasture

 

Hay

Alfalfa

12-16

213,000

Easy

3-5+

P††

P

VG

E

VG

VG

E

Red Clover

8-12

262,000

Easy

2

G

VG

P

E

F

VG

G

Brome, meadow

15-20

93,000

Fair

5+

G

P

VG

E

G

VG

VG

Brome, smooth

12-15

139,000

Slow

5+

G

P

E

E

E

VG

E

Fescue, meadow

15-20

280,000

Easy

3-4

VG

VG

F

E

F

E

E

Fescue, tall

12-15

218,000

Easy

5+

E

VG

E

G

E

E

E

Festulolium

20-30

207,000

Easy

2-3

G

VG

F

VG

P

E

G

KY bluegrass

8-15

2,056,000

Easy

5+

G

F

P

E

P

E

P

Orchardgrass

10-15

536,000

Easy

3-5

G

F

VG

VG

G

VG

E

Reed canarygrass

6-8

509,000

Slow

5+

VG

E

E

E

G

G

VG

Ryegrass, Annual/Italian

20-30

209,000

Easy

1

VG

VG

P

F

P

E

G

Ryegrass, perennial

20-30

278,500

Easy

2-5

VG

VG

P

F

P

E

P

Timothy

6-8

1,119,000

Easy

5+

VG

VG

P

E

G

F

E

†Use lower end of range for drilling and higher end for broadcasting. Reduce rates proportionately when planting in mixtures.

††Suitability Rating: P = poor, F = fair, G = good, VG = very good, E = excellent, * = variety-dependent.

Table of Contents

 

 

Table

Page

Description

1

2

Actual and 30-year average precipitation (Inches) from April to October 2012 to 2019 at three variety test sites across

Michigan.

2

5

Planting specifications and site/use suitability of tested forage species in Michigan

3

7,8

Fall dormancy (FD), winter survival index (WSI), and disease resistance ratings for alfalfa cultivars in MSU variety trials

4

9

Long-term yield averages from MSU Alfalfa Variety Trials seeded in East Lansing from 2010 to 2018

5

10

Long-term yield averages from MSU Alfalfa Variety Trials seeded in Lake City from 2010 to 2016.

6

11

Long-term yield averages from MSU Alfalfa Variety Trials seeded in Chatham between 2012 and 2018.

7

12

Yields of Roundup Ready Alfalfa Varieties seeded from 2013 to 2018 at East Lansing, Lake City, and Chatham.

8

13,14

Long-term average yields of perennial forage grasses seeded from 2011 to 2017, and 1-year total from 2018 at East Lansing.

9

15

Forage Yield of Perennial Forage Grasses Seeded at Lake City in Northern Lower Michigan and at Chatham in the Upper

Peninsula.

10

17,18

MSU Grass Maturity Dates in First Cutting of 2018 in the Perennial Grass Variety Trials at East Lansing, Lake City, and Chatham.

11

19

2019 Yield summary of the MSU Conventional Alfalfa Variety Trial Seeded in East Lansing, Michigan in May 2016.

12

19

2019 Yield summary of the MSU Roundup Ready Alfalfa Variety Trial Seeded in East Lansing, Michigan in May 2016.

13

20

2019 Yield summary of the MSU Conventional Alfalfa Variety Trial Seeded in East Lansing, Michigan in May 2017.

14

20

2019 Yield summary of the MSU Roundup Ready Alfalfa Variety Trial Seeded in East Lansing, Michigan in May 2017.

15

21

2019 Yield summary of the MSU Conventional Alfalfa Variety Trial Seeded in Lake City, Michigan in July 2016.

16

21

2019 Yield summary of the MSU Roundup Ready Alfalfa Variety Trial Seeded in Lake City, Michigan in July 2016.

17

22

2019 Yield summary of the MSU Conventional Alfalfa Variety Trial Seeded in East Lansing, Michigan in July 2018.

18

22

2019 Yield summary of the MSU Conventional Alfalfa Variety Trial Seeded in Chatham, Michigan in July 2018.

19

22

2019 Yield summary of the MSU Roundup Ready Alfalfa Variety Trial Seeded in Chatham, Michigan in July 2018.

20

23,24

2019 DM yields of the MSU Perennial Ryegrass, Timothy, Orchardgrass, and Fescue (Tall, Meadow, and Festulolium) Grass

Variety Trials seeded in East Lansing, Michigan in August 2016.

21

24,25

2019 DM Yields of the MSU Fescue (Tall and Meadow), Perennial Ryegrass and Festulolium, Orchardgrass, and Timothy seeded

in East Lansing, Michigan in May 2017.

22

26,27

2019 DM Yields of the MSU Ryegrass (Perennial, Intermediate/Hybrid, Festulolium), Fescue (Tall and Meadow) and Timothy

seeded in East Lansing, Michigan in July 2018.

23

27,28

2019 DM Yields of the MSU Fescue (Tall and Meadow), Orchardgrass, Perennial Ryegrass, and Timothy Grass Variety Trial

seeded in Lake City, Michigan in July 2017.

24

29

2019 Yield summary of the MSU Red Clover Variety Trial Seeded in East Lansing, Michigan in May 2017.

25

29

2019 Yield summary of the MSU Red Clover Variety Trial Seeded in East Lansing, Michigan in July 2018.

26

30

2019 Seeding-year DM Yields of the MSU Conventional Alfalfa Variety Trial seeded in East Lansing in early July 2019.

27

30

2019 Seeding-year DM Yields of the MSU Perennial Ryegrass Variety Trial seeded in East Lansing in August 2019.

28

30

2019 Seeding-year DM Yields of the MSU Annual/Italian Ryegrass Variety Trial seeded in East Lansing in August 2019.

Table 3. Fall dormancy (FD), winter survival index (WSI), and disease resistance ratings for alfalfa cultivars in MSU variety trials

Variety

FD †

WSI††

BW ‡

PRR

AN

VW

FW

Aph 1

Aph 2

SN

RR

PLF

Multi

Salt

Stand

Marketer

6415

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

NEXGROW

6417

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

-

-

H

-

-

NEXGROW

6431

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

NEXGROW

428RR

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

MR

RR

-

H

G

-

Allied Seed

4A415

2

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

-

-

-

-

-

Mycogen

4A421

4

2.5

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mycogen

4S417

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mycogen

430 RR LH

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

MR

RR

HR

H

-

-

Farm Science

6200HT

2

2.5

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

MR

-

-

-

-

-

NEXGROW

6305Q

3

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

-

H

-

-

NEXGROW

6422Q

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

-

H

-

-

NEXGROW

6424R

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

RR

-

H

-

-

NEXGROW

6475H

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

HR

H

-

-

NEXGROW

6497R

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

RR

-

H

G

-

NEXGROW

6585Q

5

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

HR

-

-

H

-

-

NEXGROW

9200 RR

4

1.5

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

RR

-

-

-

-

LG Seeds

AFX 429

3

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

R

-

-

L

-

-

Alforex Seeds

AFX 469

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

HR

-

-

L

G

-

Alforex Seeds

AFX460

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

R

-

-

-

-

-

Alforex Seeds

AlfaFour Supreme

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

R

-

-

-

-

-

CHS Seed

AmeriStand 403T Plus

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

MR

-

-

-

-

-

America's Alfalfa

AmeriStand 407TQ

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

HR

-

-

H

-

-

America's Alfalfa

AmeriStand 409LH

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

HR

-

-

-

America's Alfalfa

AmeriStand 455TQ RR

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

RR

-

H

G

-

America's Alfalfa

Armour

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

RR

-

-

-

-

Becks Hybrids

Caliber

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

MR

MR

-

-

-

-

-

Becks Hybrids

CavalryDQ

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Becks Hybrids

Contender

5

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

-

-

-

-

Becks Hybrids

DG 3210

3

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

-

-

-

-

Crop Production

DG 4210

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

-

H

-

-

Crop Production

DKA40-51RR

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

RR

-

-

-

-

Dekalb

DKA41-18RR

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

RR

-

H

-

-

Dekalb

DKA43-13

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

-

H

-

-

Dekalb

DKA43-22RR

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

RR

-

H

-

-

Dekalb

DKA44-16RR

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

RR

-

H

G

-

Dekalb

Emerald

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

HR

R

-

-

-

-

-

TriCal

Enduro Elite

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

Cisco Seeds

Evergreen 3

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

-

-

-

-

NEXGROW

FF42.A2

4

1.9

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

Lacrosse

Fierce

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

Becks Hybrids

ForageGold

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

-

M

-

-

Renk Seed

Fortune

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

-

-

-

-

DLF International

FSG 329

3

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

HR

-

-

L

-

-

Farm Science

FSG 400 LH

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

HR

-

-

-

Farm Science

FSG 403LR

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

R

-

-

-

-

R

Farm Science

FSG 415 BR

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

-

-

-

-

-

-

Farm Science

FSG 420 LH

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

HR

L

-

-

Farm Science

FSG 424

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

-

-

H

G

-

Farm Science

FSG 426

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

H

-

-

Farm Science

GA 409

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

Pref Alfalfa Gen

GA 497 HD

5

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Pref Alfalfa Gen

Gunner

5

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

-

H

-

-

Croplan Genetics

Hi-Gest 360

3

1.5

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

-

-

M

G

-

Alforex Seeds

HybriForce 2400

4

1.8

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

HR

-

-

-

F

-

Dairyland Seeds

HybriForce 3400

4

1.5

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

MR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

Dairyland Seeds

HybriForce 3400QR

4

1.5

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

MR

-

-

-

-

-

-

Dairyland Seeds

HybriForce 3420 Wet

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

Dairyland Seeds

HybriForce 3420/Wet-OB1

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

Osprey Biotechnics

HybriForce 3420/Wet-OB2

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

Osprey Biotechnics

HybriForce 3430

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

-

-

-

-

-

-

Dairyland Seeds

 

Table 3 continued next page

Table 3 continued

 

Variety

FD †

WSI††

BW ‡

PRR

AN

VW

FW

Aph 1

Aph 2

SN

RR

PLF

Multi

Salt

Stand

Marketer

HybriForce 4400

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

-

-

-

-

-

Dairyland Seeds

HybriPro BR

5

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

-

-

-

-

-

Hyland Seeds

Integra 8420

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

M

-

-

Wilbur-Ellis

Integra 8444R

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

RR

-

M

G/F

-

Wilbur-Ellis

Integra 8450

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Wilbur-Ellis

KingFisher 4020

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Byron Seeds

KF406A2

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

Byron Seeds

KF425HD

5

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Byron Seeds

L455HD

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Legacy Seeds

LegenDairy 5.0

3

3

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

-

MR

-

-

H

-

-

Croplan Genetics

LegenDairy XHD

3

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

HR

-

-

H

G

-

Croplan Genetics

Magnitude

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

HR

-

-

H

G

-

Allied Seed

Magnum 7 WET

4

1.6

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

-

-

-

-

-

Dairyland Seeds

Mariner IV

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

-

-

-

-

-

Allied Seed

Octane

3

1.4

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

L

-

-

Brett Young

Oneida VR

3

-

R

MR

MR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Public

PGI 459

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

R

HR

-

-

-

-

-

Alforex Seeds

PGI 529

5

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

R

-

-

M

-

-

Alforex Seeds

PGI 557

5

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

HR

-

-

L

-

-

Alforex Seeds

Pioneer 54Q14

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

MR

-

-

-

-

-

Pioneer

Pioneer 54Q32

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

LR

-

-

-

-

-

Pioneer

Pioneer 55H94

5

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

HR

-

HR

-

-

-

Pioneer

Pioneer 55Q27

5

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

-

-

-

-

-

Pioneer

Pioneer 55QR04

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

RR

-

H

-

-

Pioneer

Pioneer 55V12

5

-

R

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

R

-

-

-

-

R

Pioneer

Pioneer 55V48

5

-

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

HR

R

R

-

-

-

-

-

Pioneer

Pioneer 55V50

5

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

HR

R

-

-

-

-

-

Pioneer

Pioneer 55VR06

5

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

MR

MR

RR

-

-

-

-

Pioneer

Pioneer 55VR08

5

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

RR

-

-

-

-

Pioneer

Prolific II

3

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

-

-

-

-

-

Hyland Seeds

Rebound 6.0

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

-

-

-

-

-

Croplan Genetics

Rebound 6XT

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

H

-

-

CropLan Genetics

RR AphaTron 2XT

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

RR

-

H

G

-

CropLan Genetics

RR Stratica

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

RR

-

H

G

-

Croplan Genetics

RR501

5

2

HR

HR

HR

-

HR

HR

-

HR

RR

-

H

G/F

-

Channel

SolarGold

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

MR

MR

-

-

H

-

-

Renk Seed

Sonic

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

Nutech Seed

StarGold

5

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Renk Seed

Stalwart II

5

1.5

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

LG Seeds

SW4107

4

-

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

-

-

-

-

-

S&W Seeds

TriFecta

5

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

HR

HR

MR

-

-

-

-

-

TriCal

Vernal

2

2

R

S

S

S

MR

S

-

S

-

-

-

-

-

Public

WL 343 HQ

4

1.5

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

MR

-

-

H

-

-

W-L Research

WL 353 LH

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

-

HR

-

-

-

W-L Research

WL 354 HQ

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

R

-

-

H

-

-

W-L Research

WL 356 HQ RR

4

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

RR

-

H

G

-

W-L Research

WL 363 HQ

5

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

HR

-

-

H

-

-

W-L Research

WL 365 HQ

5

1

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

W-L Research

WL 372 HQ RR

5

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

HR

RR

-

-

-

-

W-L Research

Yieldmaster RR

4

2

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

HR

-

R

RR

-

H

-

-

Monsanto

† Refer to Alfalfa Trait Ratings found in the summary for more information

†† Winter survival index : 1=superior winter survival, 2=very good, 3=good, 4=adequate, 5=low, 6=no winter survival.

‡ BW = Bacterial Wilt, PRR = Phytophthora Root Rot, AN = Anthracnose, VW = Verticillium Wilt, FW = Fusarium Wilt,

APH 1 = Aphanomyces race one, APH 2 = Aphanomyces race two, SN=Stem nematode, RR = Roundup Ready® Alfalfa Variety, PLF = Potato leafhopper resistance, Multi = Multifoliate leaf expression (H-High, M-Medium, L-Low), Salt = Salt tolerance (G = germination, F = Forage), Stand = Standability or lodging resistance.

Table 4. Long-term yield averages (dry matter tons/acre) from MSU Alfalfa Variety Trials seeded in East Lansing, Michigan from 2010 to 2018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2-year

1-year

 

 

 

Three-year average ‡

 

 

average

total

(Trials) †

 

 

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

%

Variety

Marketer

(2011-13)

(2012-14)

(2013-15)

(2014-16)

(2015-17)

(2016-18)

(2017-19)

(2018-19)

(2019)

Vernal ††

dry matter tons/acre

4S417

Mycogen Seeds

6.38

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)115

6417

NEXGROW

6.36

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)115

6422Q

NEXGROW

-

6.19

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)109

6585Q

NEXGROW

-

-

-

6.13

-

-

-

-

-

(1)117

AFX 429

Alforex Seeds

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4.73

-

(1)100

AFX 469

Alforex Seeds

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4.90

-

(1)104

AFX 460

Alforex Seeds

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.05

4.67

(1)107

AlfaFour Supreme

CHS Seed

-

6.79

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)120

Ameristand 407TQ

America's Alfalfa

-

6.28

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)111

Caliber

Becks Hybrids

-

-

-

-

5.81

4.33

-

-

-

(2)110

CavalryDQ

Becks Hybrids

-

-

-

-

-

5.02

-

4.98

-

(2) 117

Contender

Becks Hybrids

-

-

6.21

-

5.80

4.64

-

-

-

(3)112

DG 4210

Crop Production

6.56

6.23

-

6.16

-

-

-

-

-

(3)115

DKA43-13

Dekalb

6.31

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)114

Emerald

TriCal

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.10

-

Enduro Elite

Cisco Seeds

-

-

-

-

5.73

-

-

-

-

(1)109

FF42.A2

Lacrosse Seeds

-

-

-

-

-

5.05

-

-

-

(1)129

Fierce

Becks Hybrids

-

-

-

-

5.86

4.94

-

4.75

-

(3)113

ForageGold

Renk Seed

-

-

5.79

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)100

Fortune

DLF International

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.34

-

-

(1)120

FSG 415 BR

Farm Science

-

-

-

-

-

5.33

-

-

-

(1)136

FSG 403LR

Farm Science

-

-

-

6.04

-

-

-

-

-

(1)115

FSG 424

Farm Science

-

-

-

6.30

-

-

-

-

-

(1)120

FSG 426

Farm Science

-

-

-

-

-

4.74

-

-

-

(1)121

GA 409

Preferred Alfalfa Gen

-

-

-

-

5.79

-

-

-

-

(1)110

GA-497HD

Preferred Alfalfa Gen

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.23

-

-

(1)118

Gunner

Croplan Genetics

-

5.83

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)103

HybriForce 2400

Dairyland Seed

6.27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)113

HybriForce 3400

Dairyland Seed

-

6.50

7.00

6.43

-

4.73

-

-

-

(4)120

HybriForce 3400 QR

Dairyland Seed

-

-

6.63

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)114

HybriForce 3420 Wet

Dairyland Seed

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.41

-

-

(1)122

HybriForce 3420/Wet-OB1

Osprey Biotechnics

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.46

-

-

(1)123

HybriForce 3420/Wet-OB2

Osprey Biotechnics

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.83

-

-

(1)131

HybriForce 3430

Dairyland Seed

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.49

-

-

(1)123

HybriForce 4400

Dairyland Seed

-

-

-

-

-

4.94

5.48

5.41

5.61

(3)121

HybriForce 4400-OBT2002

Osprey Biotechnics

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.45

-

HybriForce 4400-OBT2013

Osprey Biotechnics

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.40

-

HybriPro BR

Hyland Seeds

-

-

-

-

5.68

-

-

-

-

(1)108

Integra 8420

Wilbur-Ellis

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.47

-

-

(1)123

Integra 8450

Wilbur-Ellis

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.54

-

-

(1)124

KingFisher 4020

Byron Seed

6.32

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)114

KF406A2

Byron Seed

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.31

-

-

(1)119

KF425HD

Byron Seed

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.37

-

-

(1)121

L455HD

Legacy Seeds

-

-

-

5.98

-

-

-

-

-

(1)114

LegenDairy 5.0

Croplan Genetics

-

6.12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)108

LegenDairy XHD

Croplan Genetics

-

-

-

6.20

-

-

-

-

-

(1)119

Magnitude

Allied Seed

-

-

6.49

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)112

Mariner IV

Allied Seed

-

-

6.31

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)109

Oneida VR

public

-

5.56

-

5.53

5.33

-

4.68

-

-

(4)103

PGI 529

Alforex

-

-

-

6.66

-

-

-

-

-

(1)127

PGI 557

Alforex

-

6.11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)108

Pioneer 54Q14

Pioneer

-

-

-

-

5.54

-

-

-

-

(1)106

Pioneer 54Q32

Pioneer

-

6.03

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)106

Pioneer 54QR04

Pioneer

-

-

-

5.95

-

-

-

-

-

(1)114

Pioneer 55Q27

Pioneer

-

-

-

6.38

6.13

4.96

5.22

-

-

(4)121

Pioneer 55V12

Pioneer

-

6.23

6.08

-

-

-

-

-

-

(2)107

Pioneer 55V50

Pioneer

-

6.85

6.95

6.59

-

-

-

-

-

(3)122

Prolific II

Hyland Seeds

-

6.54

-

-

5.64

-

-

-

-

(2)111

Rebound 6.0

Croplan Genetics

-

6.01

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)106

Rebound 6XT

Croplan Genetics

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.10

-

-

(1)115

SolarGold

Renk Seed

-

6.39

6.31

-

-

-

-

-

-

(2)111

Sonic

Nutech Seed

-

6.21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)110

Stalwart II

LG Seeds

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.14

-

-

(1)116

StarGold

Renk Seed

-

-

-

-

6.17

-

-

-

-

(1)118

SW 4107

S & W Seed Company

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.14

5.39

(1)109

SW 5213

S & W Seed Company

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.51

-

 

(1)124

TriFecta

TriCal

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.52

-

5.64

(1)124

Vernal

public

5.53

5.67

5.80

5.23

5.25

3.93

4.45

4.71

4.47

(8)100

WL343HQ

W-L Research

5.81

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)105

WL354HQ

W-L Research

-

5.97

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)105

WL363HQ

W-L Research

6.26

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)113

WL365HQ

W-L Research

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.32

-

-

(1)120

Mean

 

6.20

6.20

6.36

6.12

5.73

4.78

5.31

4.96

5.22

114

† Number of 3-year trials with at least 2 years of data after the seeding year.

†† Average % Vernal of varieties with more than 2 full years of yield data

Table 5. Long-term yield averages (dry matter tons/acre) from MSU Alfalfa Variety Trials seeded in Lake City,

Michigan from 2010 to 2016.

 

 

 

 

 

Three-year average ‡

 

 

 

(Trials) †

 

 

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

%

Variety

Marketer

(2011-13)

(2012-14)

(2013-15)

(2014-16)

(2015-17)

(2016-18)

(2017-19)

Vernal ††

dry matter tons/acre

6417

NEXGROW

4.90

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)114

4A415

Mycogen Seeds

5.19

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)120

4S417

Mycogen Seeds

5.18

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)120

6305Q

NEXGROW

4.91

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)114

AmeriStand 403T Plus

America's Alfalfa

-

-

-

-

3.18

4.36

-

(2)96

AmeriStand 407TQ

America's Alfalfa

-

4.65

-

-

-

-

-

(1)101

DG 3210

Crop Production

4.62

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)107

DG 4210

Crop Production

4.87

4.63

-

2.58

3.35

4.53

-

(5)103

ForageGold

Renk Seed

-

-

3.89

-

-

-

-

(1) 95

HybriForce 2400

Dairyland Seed

4.87

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)113

HybriForce 3400

Dairyland Seed

-

-

4.31

-

3.65

4.91

-

(3)108

Hi-Gest 360

Alforex

-

-

-

-

3.40

-

-

(1) 97

Integra 8420

Wilbur-Ellis

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.48

(1)103

Integra 8450

Wilbur-Ellis

-

-

-

-

-

-

3.44

(1)102

L455HD

Legacy Seeds

-

-

-

2.77

3.83

4.48

-

(3)107

Magnum 7 WET

Dairyland Seed

-

-

-

-

3.62

4.67

-

(2)105

Mariner IV

Allied Seed

-

-

-

-

3.81

4.76

-

(2)109

Oneida VR

public

-

-

-

2.61

3.62

4.63

-

(3)104

Octane

Brett Young

-

-

-

-

3.46

-

-

(1) 99

Pioneer 54Q32

Pioneer

-

4.59

3.99

-

-

-

-

(2) 99

Pioneer 54Q14

Pioneer

-

-

-

-

3.20

4.45

-

(2) 97

Pioneer 54QR04

Pioneer

-

-

-

2.56

-

-

-

(1)100

Pioneer 55H94

Pioneer

-

4.39

-

-

-

-

-

(1) 95

Pioneer 55Q27

Pioneer

-

-

-

2.59

3.81

4.48

3.39

(4)104

Pioneer 55V12

Pioneer

-

4.36

3.98

-

-

-

-

(2) 96

Pioneer 55V50

Pioneer

-

4.80

4.09

2.73

3.79

4.83

-

(5)106

Prolific II

Hyland Seed

-

-

-

-

3.81

4.72

-

(2)109

SolarGold

Renk Seed

-

-

3.90

-

-

-

-

(1) 96

Sonic

Nutech Seed

-

4.52

-

-

-

-

-

(1) 98

StarGold

Renk Seed

-

-

-

-

3.48

-

-

(1)100

Vernal

public

4.31

4.61

4.08

2.55

3.49

4.36

3.37

(7)100

WL 354HQ

W-L Research

-

-

-

-

3.11

-

-

(1) 89

Mean

 

4.86

4.57

4.03

2.63

3.54

4.60

3.42

103

† Number of 3-year trials with at least 2 years of data after the seeding year.

†† Average % Vernal of varieties with more than 2 full years of yield data

Table 6. Long-term yield averages (dry matter tons/acre) from MSU Alfalfa Variety Trials seeded in Chatham,

Michigan between 2012 and 2018.

 

 

 

3-year average ‡

 

 

1-year

 

(Number) †

 

 

2012

2013

2015

2018

%

Variety

Marketer

(2013-15)

(2014-16)

2016-18)

(2019)

Vernal ††

---------- dry matter tons/acre -----------

DG 4210

Crop Production

-

3.74

3.28

-

(2)102

ForageGold

Renk Seed

3.13

-

-

-

(1) 98

HybriForce 3400

Dairyland

-

-

3.45

2.73

(1)110

HybriForce 4400

Dairyland

-

-

-

2.86

-

Integra 8420

Wilbur-Ellis

-

-

-

2.77

-

Integra 8450

Wilbur-Ellis

-

-

-

2.68

-

L455HD

Legacy

-

-

3.20

-

(1)102

Magnum 7 WET

Dairyland

-

-

3.13

-

(1)100

Mariner IV

Allied Seed

3.13

-

3.14

-

(2) 99

Oneida VR

Public

-

-

3.13

-

(1)100

Pioneer 55Q27

Pioneer

-

-

3.31

-

(1)105

Pioneer 55V12

Pioneer

3.31

-

-

-

(1)100

Pioneer 55V50

Pioneer

3.56

3.66

-

-

(2)108

Prolific II

Hyland Seeds

-

-

3.28

-

(1)104

SolarGold

Renk Seed

3.61

-

-

-

(1)113

StarGold

Renk Seed

-

-

3.27

-

(1)104

SW4107

S & W Seed Company

-

-

-

2.60

-

Trifecta

TriCal

 

 

 

2.85

-

Vernal

Public

3.19

3.53

3.14

2.83

(4)100

WL354HQ

W-L Research

-

-

3.08

-

(1) 98

Mean

 

3.32

3.64

3.23

2.76

103

† Number of 3-year trials with at least 2 years of data after the seeding year.

†† Average % Vernal of varieties with more than 2 full years of yield data

‡ Seeding year and (the years the trial was harvested to obtain the average yield)

 

Image of the plants seeded during MSU Alfalfa Trials

 

 

(

Three-year average ‡

 

(Number)

2013

2014-16

2014

2015-17

2015

2016-18

2016

2017-19

%

Mean ††

---------- dm tons/acre ----------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.88

3.59

3.17

(3) 96

2.83

-

3.84

-

(2)100

-

3.10

4.06

-

(2)104

2.85

3.04

3.87

3.23

(4)101

-

-

-

3.03

(1) 95

2.84

-

-

-

(1)101

-

-

3.87

-

(1)101

-

-

-

3.36

(1)105

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.75

-

-

-

(1) 98

2.82

3.01

3.85

3.20

 

 

12

 

 

Table 7. Yields of Roundup Ready® Alfalfa Varieties (dry matter tons/acre) seeded from 2013 to 2018 at East Lansing, Lake City, and Chatham, Michigan .

 

 

 

 

 

East Lansing

 

 

 

 

 

Lake City

 

 

 

Chatham

 

 

 

Three-year average ‡

2-year

avg

 

 

 

Three-year

average ‡

1-year

total

 

 

 

(Number)

 

 

 

 

 

(Number)

 

 

2013

2014 †

2015

2016

2017

%

 

 

 

 

 

2013

2015

2018

%

Variety

Marketer

2014-16

2015-17

2016-18

2017-19

2018-19

Mean ††

 

 

 

 

 

2014-16

2016-18

2019

Mean ††

 

------------ dm tons/acre -------------

 

 

---- dm tons/acre ----

428RR

Allied Seed

6.01

-

-

-

-

(1)102

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

430RRLH

Allied Seed

-

-

4.16

-

-

(1) 89

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

6424R

NEXGROW

-

-

-

-

4.67

(1) 96

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

2.36

-

6497R

NEXGROW

5.94

-

-

-

-

(1)101

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

9200RR

LG Seeds

-

-

-

4.79

-

(1)101

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

AmeriStand 455TQ RR

America's Alfalfa

5.81

-

-

-

-

(1) 99

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

Armour

Becks Hybrids

-

-

-

-

5.08

(1)105

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

DKA40-51RR

Dekalb

-

5.10

4.80

4.49

-

(3) 98

 

 

 

 

 

-

2.83

2.22

(1) 94

DKA41-18RR

Dekalb

5.72

-

-

-

-

(1) 97

 

 

 

 

 

3.66

3.14

-

(2)102

DKA43-22RR

Dekalb

-

5.20

-

-

-

(1)102

 

 

 

 

 

-

3.11

-

(1)103

DKA44-16RR

Dekalb

5.99

5.24

4.52

4.75

4.81

(5)100

 

 

 

 

 

3.59

3.09

2.36

(2)101

Integra 8444R

Wilbur-Ellis

-

-

-

4.61

-

(1) 97

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

2.26

-

Pioneer 54QR04

Pioneer

5.98

-

-

-

-

(1)102

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

Pioneer VR06

Pioneer

-

5.40

5.16

-

-

(2)107

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

Pioneer 55VR08

Pioneer

-

-

-

5.01

-

(1)106

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

RR AphaTron 2XT

Croplan Genetics

-

-

-

4.81

-

(1)101

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

RR 501

Channel

-

5.26

-

-

-

(1)100

 

 

 

 

 

-

2.93

-

(1) 97

RR Stratica

Croplan Genetics

5.95

-

-

-

-

(1)101

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

WL 356HQ.RR

W-L Research

5.96

-

-

-

-

(1)101

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

WL 372HQ.RR

W-L Research

5.88

-

-

-

-

(1)100

 

 

 

 

 

-

-

-

-

Yieldmaster RR

Monsanto

5.70

-

-

-

-

(1) 97

 

 

 

 

 

3.64

-

-

(1)100

Mean

5.89

5.24

4.66

4.74

4.85

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.63

3.02

2.30

 

Trials usually cut 4 times per year at East Lansing, three times per year at Lake City and Chatham.

† 2014 Seeding at East Lansing was cut 3 times in 2015, 4 times in 2016, and 5 times in 2017.

†† Number of trials at each location with at least 2 full harvest years of data and % of the mean.

‡ Seeding year and (the years the trial was harvested to obtain the average yield)

Table 8. Long-term average yields (dry matter tons/acre) of perennial forage grasses seeded from 2011 to 2017 and 1-year total from

2018 at East Lansing, Michigan.

Three-year average ‡

2-yr average ‡

1-yr total

 

 

 

 

2011

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

% species

Sp †

Variety

Marketer

(2012-14)

(2014-16)

(2015-17)

(2016-18)

(2017-19)

(2018-19)

(2019)

mean ††

dry matter tons/acre

FEST

Becva (ryegrass type)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

2.61

-

-

-

-

(1)106

FEST

Barfest (ryegrass type)

Barenbrug Seed

-

-

2.33

-

-

-

-

(1) 94

FEST

Hostyn (ryegrass type)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

-

-

-

-

6.19

-

FEST

Lofa (ryegrass type)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

-

-

-

-

6.31

-

FEST

Perun (ryegrass type)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.89

-

FEST

Federo (ryegrass type)

Albert Lea Seed

-

-

-

-

-

4.53

-

 

FEST

SPECIES MEAN (ryegrass type)

-

-

2.47

-

-

 

6.13

-

FEST

Fojtan (fescue type)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

-

-

3.72

-

-

(1) 95

FEST

Mahulena (fescue type)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

-

-

4.11

-

-

(1)105

FEST

SPECIES MEAN (TF Type)

 

-

-

-

-

3.92

-

-

 

OR

Barlegro

Barenbrug Seed

-

-

3.42

-

-

-

-

(1)100

OR

Echelon

DLF Pickseed

3.79

-

3.43

-

4.45

-

-

(3)102

OR

FSG506OG

Allied Seed

-

-

3.46

-

-

-

-

(1)101

OR

Inavale

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

3.79

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1) 98

OR

Intensiv

Barenbrug Seed

3.79

-

3.48

-

-

-

-

(2)100

OR

Lyra

Hood River Seed

-

-

-

-

4.00

-

-

(1) 96

OR

Lucharm

Albert Lea Seed

-

-

-

-

-

4.19

-

(1) 99

OR

Lukir

Albert Lea Seed

-

-

-

-

-

4.07

-

(1) 96

OR

Persist

Smith Seed

4.12

-

3.37

-

-

-

-

(2)103

OR

Potomac

check

3.83

-

3.28

3.37

4.09

4.44

-

(5)100

OR

Treposno

Hood River Seed

-

-

-

-

4.09

-

-

(1) 98

OR

SPECIES MEAN

 

3.86

-

3.41

3.37

4.16

4.23

-

 

PR

Albion (4n)

Cisco Seed

-

-

-

2.33

-

-

-

(1)100

PR

Bison 2 (4n)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

-

-

3.59

-

3.92

(1)117

PR

Dexter 1 (4n)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

-

-

2.89

-

4.39

(1) 94

PR

Elena (4n)

Allied Seed

-

2.25

-

-

-

-

-

(1)136

PR

Fennema (2n)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

2.21

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1) 87

PR

Garbor (4n)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

-

-

2.69

-

4.82

(1) 88

PR

Kentaur (4n)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

2.72

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)108

PR

Linn (2n)

check

2.39

1.07

2.22

2.31

2.72

3.41

3.54

(6) 88

PR

Mathilda (4n)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

2.50.

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1) 99

PR

Mara (2n)

Barenbrug Seed

-

-

2.59

-

-

-

-

(1) 98

PR

Maximo (4n)

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

2.54

-

3.48

-

-

(2)105

PR

Payday (4n)

Smith Seed

-

-

2.96

-

-

-

-

(1)112

PR

Tomaso

Albert Lea Seed

-

-

-

-

-

3.25

-

(1) 90

PR

Remington (4n)

Barenbrug Seed

2.81

-

2.88

-

-

4.18

5.26

(3)112

PR

SPECIES MEAN

 

2.53

1.66

2.64

2.32

3.07

3.61

4.39

 

SB

Lincoln

Check variety

-

-

3.71

-

-

-

-

(1)104

SB

Hakari (Alaska Brome)

Barenbrug Seed

-

-

3.33

-

-

-

-

(1) 93

SB

MBA

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

3.70

-

-

-

-

(1)103

SB

SPECIES MEAN

 

-

-

3.58

-

-

-

-

 

MdF

Cosmonaut

Barenbrug Seed

-

-

3.25

-

-

-

-

(1) 98

MdF

Pradel

Barenbrug Seed

-

-

3.25

2.41

2.90

4.34

5.50

(5)101

MdF

SW Minto

Albert Lea Seed

-

-

-

-

-

4.08

-

(1) 97

MdF

Raskila

Hood River Seed

-

-

-

-

3.14

-

-

(1)104

MdF

SPECIES MEAN

 

-

-

3.25

2.41

3.02

4.21

5.50

 

TM

Climax

check

-

-

2.94

2.73

3.50

3.98

4.97

(4) 89

TM

Dawn

Allied Seed

-

-

-

-

4.00

-

-

(1)104

TM

Express II

Allied Seed

-

-

3.44

-

-

-

-

(1)108

TM

KY Early Timothy

Smith Seed

-

-

-

-

-

5.28

4.87

(1)114

TM

Winnetow

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.20

-

TM

Zenyatta

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

-

-

3.99

-

-

(1)104

TM

SPECIES MEAN

 

-

-

3.19

2.73

3.83

4.63

5.01

 

Table 8 continued next page

 

 

13

Table 8 continued

 

Three-year average ‡

2-yr average ‡

1-yr total

 

 

 

 

2011

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

% species

Sp †

Variety

Marketer

(2012-14)

(2014-16)

(2015-17)

(2016-18)

(2017-19)

(2018-19)

(2019)

mean ††

dry matter tons/acre

TF

BarElite

Barenbrug Seed

-

-

4.18

-

-

-

6.01

(1) 91

TF

Bariane

Barenbrug Seed

-

-

3.72

3.21

-

-

5.41

(2) 90

TF

Dominate

Allied Seed

-

-

4.50

-

-

-

-

(1)106

TF

Cajun II

Smith Seed

-

-

4.21

-

-

-

-

(1) 99

TF

Flourish

Allied Seed

-

3.38

-

-

-

-

-

(1) 88

TF

Florine

Albert Lea Seed

-

-

-

-

-

5.65

-

(1)101

TF

FSG402TF

Allied Seed

-

-

4.33

-

-

 

-

(1)102

TF

Goliath

Cisco Seed

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)101

TF

Hymark

Fraser Seeds

4.42

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1) 99

TF

Kentucky 31 plus

check

4.75

-

-

3.63

-

-

-

(2)105

TF

Kentucky 31 minus

check

-

3.45

4.24

3.58

4.11

5.92

6.13

(5)100

TF

Select

check

4.47

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1)100

TF

STF 43

Barenbrug Seed

4.26

-

-

-

-

-

-

(1) 95

TF

STF50

Smith Seed

-

-

-

-

-

-

5.98

-

TF

Swaj

Albert Lea Seed

-

-

-

-

-

5.23

-

(1) 93

TF

Tower

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

-

-

4.61

-

4.01

-

-

(2)103

TF

SPECIES MEAN

 

4.48

3.83

4.26

3.47

4.06

5.60

5.88

 

† FEST=Festulolium (Ryegrass or Fescue type), OR=Orchardgrass, PR=Perennial ryegrass, SB=Smooth Bromegrass,

MdF= Meadow fescue, TM=Timothy, TF= Tall fescue

†† Number of trials with at least 2 years data and % of the mean (released varieties)

‡ Seeding year and (the years the trial was harvested to obtain the average yield)

 

 

image

Smooth Bromegrass East Lansing

 

image

Alfalfa Plots East Lansing

 

image

Perennial Ryegrass Plots East Lansing

 

image

Timothy Plots East Lansing

Table 9. Forage Yield (dry matter tons/acre) of Perennial Forage Grasses Seeded at Lake City in Northern Lower Michigan and at Chatham in the Upper Peninsula.

 

 

 

 

 

Lake City ‡

 

 

 

 

Chatham ‡

 

 

 

 

3-year average ‡‡‡

2 year avg

 

%

species mean ‡‡

 

3-year average ‡‡‡

 

%

species mean ‡‡

 

 

 

2014

2015

2017

2014

2015

Sp †

Variety

Marketer

(2015-17)

(2016-18)

(2018-19)

(2015-17)

(2016-18)

 

 

 

------ dry matter tons/acre ------

 

 

dry matter tons/acre

 

OR

Echelon

DLF Pickseed USA Inc

3.20

-

-

(1)103

 

1.54

-

(1) 96

OR

Intensiv

Barenbrug Seed

3.27

4.09

-

(2)105

 

1.68

-

(1)105

OR

Lucharm

Albert Lea Seed

-

-

4.18