AMBIO: Effects of global shocks on the evolution of an interconnected world

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August 23, 2022 - Author: <vina@msu.edu> and <liuji@msu.edu>

AMBIO: Effects of global shocks on the evolution of an interconnected world

DOI: 10.1007/s13280-022-01778-0

As the world grows more interconnected through the flows of people, goods, and

information, many challenges are becoming more difficult to address since human

needs are increasingly being met through global supply chains. Global shocks (e.g.,

war, economic recession, pandemic) can severely disrupt these interconnections and

generate cascading consequences across local to global scales. To comprehensively

evaluate their consequences, it is crucial to use integrated frameworks that consider

multiple interconnections and flows among coupled human and natural systems. Here

we use the framework of metacoupling (human-nature interactions within as well as

across adjacent and distant systems) to illustrate the effects of major global shocks on

the evolution of global interconnectedness between the early 1900s and the 2010s.

Based on these results we make a few actionable recommendations to reduce the

negative impacts of an ongoing global shock, the COVID-19 pandemic, to promote

 global sustainability.

 

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