Myanmar’s Changing Rural Economy: Evidence from the Delta & Dry ZoneDOWNLOAD FILE
October 2, 2017 - Author: Benjamin Belton
Myanmar’s Changing Rural Economy: Evidence from the Delta & Dry Zone
LIFT Donor Retreat, Yangon
October 2, 2017
IMPLICATIONS FOR POLICY AND PROGRAMMING
- Sustain investments in infrastructure, and complementary ‘soft’ infrastructure – well trained teachers, health professionals, etc.
- Measures to support safer, less risky, higher quality migration.
- Overcome emerging spatial inequalities in mechanization (e.g. by improving road access, land levelling).
- Microcredit widely available but rarely invested in agriculture or non-farm business; Increase MADB payments for non-paddy crops
- RNFE complements farming but still provides relatively limited employment – need options for promoting greater productivity & job growth.
- Land-poor HH heavily dependent on agricultural labor. Viable farm sector essential for rural incomes & employment. High value labor intensive crops (e.g. fish, melons); R&D to improve pulse, oilseed & paddy varieties and strategies to multiply and distribute.
- Strategies to mitigate impacts of climate extremes – e.g. groundwater irrigation, water storage, stress tolerant varieties.