The Effects of Kenya’s ‘Smarter’ Input Subsidy Program on Smallholder Behavior and Incomes

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February 1, 2017 - Author: Nicole M. Mason, Ayala Wineman, Lilian Kirimi, and

Nicole M. Mason, Ayala Wineman, Lilian Kirimi, and David Mather. 2017. The Effects of Kenya’s ‘Smarter’ Input Subsidy Program on Smallholder Behavior and Incomes: Do Different Quasi-Experimental Approaches  Lead to the Same Conclusions? Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research Paper 41. East Lansing: Michigan State University

Tegemeo Institute of Agricultural Policy and Development WPS 56/2016

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Kenya joined the ranks of sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries implementing targeted input subsidy programs (ISPs) for inorganic fertilizer and improved seed in 2007 with the establishment of the National Accelerated Agricultural Inputs Access Program (NAAIAP). While several features of NAAIAP were ‘smarter’ than other ISPs in the region, some aspects were less ‘smart’. However, the efficacy of this program, and the relationship between its design and effectiveness, have been little studied. This article uses nationwide survey data to estimate the effects of NAAIAP participation on Kenyan smallholders’ cropping patterns, incomes, and poverty status. Unlike most previous studies of ISPs, a range of panel data- and propensity score-based methods are used to estimate the effects of NAAIAP. The article then compares these estimated effects across estimators and to the effects of other ISPs in SSA, and discusses the likely links between differences in program designs and impacts. The results are robust to the choice of estimator and suggest that, despite substantial crowding out of commercial fertilizer demand, NAAIAP had sizable impacts on maize production and poverty severity. NAAIAP’s success in targeting resource-poor farmers and implementation through vouchers redeemable at private agro-dealer shops likely contributed to its more favorable impacts than those of ISPs in Malawi and Zambia.

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Tags: c4a, fsg research paper, fsp research paper, inputs, input use and market development, kenya, mason, mather, sustainable agricultural intensification, tegemeo


Related Topic Areas

Kenya


Authors

Nicole Mason-Wardell

Nicole Mason-Wardell
517-432-4446
masonn@msu.edu

David Mather

David Mather
517-449-9694
matherda@msu.edu


For more information visit:

Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy
Food Security Group

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