What Drives Nutrition Policy Reform in Africa?


March 3, 2017 - Author: Sheryl L. Hendriks, Suresh C. Babu and <blade@msu.edu>

Sheryl L. Hendriks, Suresh C. Babu and Steven Haggblade. 2017. What Drives Nutrition Policy Reform in Africa? Applying the Kaleidoscope Model of Food Security Policy Change. Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research Brief 30. East Lansing: Michigan State University 


  • Except for iodine, the reduction of micronutrient deficiencies in sub-Saharan Africa has been suboptimal despite efforts to address micronutrient deficiencies.
  • The Kaleidoscope Model was useful in identifying the drivers and constraints change in micronutrient policies in the developing world.
  • Common drivers included: The global knowledge base, call for action and international targets; national leadership and champions and support of the development partners
  • Differences were seen in: The level of engagement with various stakeholders; design and funding considerations; the institutional and regulatory infrastructure and long-term investment in sustainable solutions.
  • The results indicate that salt iodization has successfully reduced deficiency levels.
  • Vitamin A fortification and supplementation have had limited success due to implementation challenges.
  • Biofortification offers population-wide opportunities for enriching the nutritional value of foods.



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