Diabetes and contraception
Women’s health and contraception risks for diabetics.
February 10, 2014 - Author: Pam Daniels, Michigan State University Extension
For most women, the subject of contraception methods are almost always discussed at routine health screenings. Contraception is obviously, a personal choice. Prescription medications including prescription contraception methods come with risks, and the possibility of side effects. For diabetics facing this decision, they need to understand how these risks may affect their diabetes.
As a diabetic, do certain contraception methods put you at a higher risk of side effects?
The answer is yes. To understand the probability of risk, share your history of diabetes, your diabetic self-management patterns and your overall health history with your provider. This will help you make the best healthcare decision while staying in control of your personal health.
Michigan State University Extension advises to discuss with your healthcare provider:
- Your diabetic diagnosis, Type 1, Type 2 and/or gestational histories.
- If your cycle is regular (diabetes can effect menstruation cycles).
- Diabetics have higher risks for vascular disease and hypertension. Ask about the correlation of these risks and contraception methods.
- Ask about contraception medications that may elevate lipid levels, glucose elevation and could potentially cause irregular uterine bleeding.
- Will the prescription cause any increase in insulin requirements and/or decrease glucose tolerance?
- What contraception methods may increase the risk of infections?
These questions are not far off from the questions that all women should be asking. Still, diabetics need to go a step further and be mindful of the impact medications may have on their diabetic health.
It is important to know that no one contraception method is appropriate for all women with diabetes, and counseling must be individualized. A board certified healthcare provider is the best person to advise you on all your health risks and options.