Southwest Michigan fruit update — Aug. 29, 2017

Peach harvest is winding down. Apple harvest picking up with Gala harvest.

August 29, 2017 - Author: , Bill Shane and Brad Baughman,

Gala apple harvest has started. All photos by Mark Longstroth, MSU Extension.
Gala apple harvest has started. All photos by Mark Longstroth, MSU Extension.

Weather

Last week was cool. High temperatures were in the 70s with lows falling into the 40s and 30s. Scattered showers brought rain showers several times during the week, but significant rain fell only on Tuesday, Aug. 22, and Thursday, Aug. 24. Rainfall totals for the week ranged from a trace to half an inch.

Rainfall has been very variable this year. Total rainfall in southwest Michigan for August ranged from 0.75 to 3 inches of rain. Last week’s potential evapotranspiration was about 1 inch of water. The season’s total demand since April 1 has been about 24.5 inches and the season’s rain across southwest Michigan averages almost 14 inches. Some areas are very dry and drought symptoms in unirrigated woods and fields are common.

This week will be cool with highs in the upper 70s. There is little chance of rain after Tuesday, Aug. 29, until next week. We continue to be about a week ahead of normal.

Southwest Michigan GDD summary from Jan. 1 – Aug. 27, 2017

Station

GDD 42 F

GDD 45 F

GDD 50 F

Benton Harbor (SWMRC)

3,529

2,955

2,239

Lawton (Lawton)

3,358

2,895

2,198

Fennville (TNRC)

3,188

2,735

2,049

Average for the SW region

3,381

2,913

2,204

Ave from March 1

3,285

2,775

2,100

Accumulation last week

158

138

104

Tree fruit

Japanese beetles are scarce. Brown marmorated stink bug trap catch numbers have been low except in the few sites where catches have been ongoing since mid-July. We expect an upsurge in brown marmorated stink bug feeding damage in late August. Cover susceptible fruit if you suspect brown marmorated stink bugs. Review the insect trap catches at Trevor Nichols Research Center. San Jose scale are causing red spots on fruit.

Peach harvest is winding down with many wholesale growers finishing up with PF23, Glowingstar, PF28-007 and Encore. Other late varieties coming up include Autumnstar, PF-35, PF Legendary and Victoria. Fruit color and quality continues to be good.

In general, bacterial spot problems were relatively light this year in southwest Michigan. Oriental fruit moth trap catch numbers are still significant in some orchards. We are in the third generation oriental fruit moth flight.

Bacterial spots on peach

Spots from bacterial spot. These cosmetic spots do not affect the flavor of the peach.

Suspected spotted wing Drosophila (SWD) larvae were found in mature, apparently sound peach fruit. Growers may need insecticides close to harvest, especially where SWD populations are high due to nearby brambles or other hosts. This would be a bigger problem for peaches picked more mature for direct sales.

Stink bugs and tarnished plant bug damage increases fruit susceptibility to brown rot. As fruit colors, the need for brown rot protection increases. Rotate fungicide classes used for brown rot control to avoid fungicide resistance problems.

In cherries, defoliation from cherry leaf spot is a serious problem in some orchards. This reduces reserves from next season and winter hardiness.

Plum harvest continues with Stanley, Simka, NY9 and Luisa. Flavor is generally good this year. Thicker-skinned European plums may be a less favorable host for SWD than thin-skinned Japanese plums, but still protect them from SWD, especially where fruit is picked relatively soft for direct sales. Ripening plums should be protected from brown rot. Apple maggot also attacks plums. SWD sprays should control apple maggot.

Apple fruit size is down in some sites due to the dry conditions. The effects of the May 8 freeze have been apparent for a while with a light crop in the bottoms of the trees and a good volume of large fruit in the tops of the trees. Harvest is quite low in these orchards due to spring freeze losses.

McIntosh and Gala harvests are underway in the area. Growers are harvesting smaller Jonathan apples for taffy apples. We are testing apple maturity using Irrigating is necessary in Michigan blueberries

Tags: agriculture and agribusiness, agriculture and agribusiness, apples, apples, berries, berries, blueberries, blueberries, cherries, cherries, fruit & nuts, fruit & nuts, grapes, grapes, msu extension, msu extension, peaches, peaches


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