Common waterhemp

June 10, 2015

Amaranthus rudis L. Amaranthaceae (Amaranth family)

Life cycle

Erect summer annual.

waterhemp seedling
Waterhemp seedling.


As in pigweed species, cotyledons are eggshaped with a prominent midvein and reddish tinted undersides. First true leaves are lanceshaped with notched tips. Long, narrow leaves grow alternately and are smooth and shiny.

waterhemp laceolate leaf
Waterhemlp lanceolate leaf.


Stems are smooth, erect and branching, and can grow up to 8 feet tall.

waterhemp smooth stem
Waterhemp smooth stem.

Flowers and fruit

Small, greenish flowers are found on long, slender seedheads. Plants are dioceous, being either male or female. Male flowers have five petals, females have one or none. Both have short bracts. Seeds are small, round, black and shiny.

waterhemp inflorescense
Waterhemp inflorescense.



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