Crop Production and Profitability in Myanmar’s Dry Zone


July 21, 2018 - <>, Nilar Aung, Ame Cho, <>, <>, Kyan Htoo, and <>

David Mather, Nilar Aung, Ame Cho, Zaw Min Naing, Duncan Boughton, Ben Belton, Kyan Htoo, and Ellen Payongayong, 2018. Crop Production and Profitability in Myanmar’s Dry Zone. Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research Paper 102. East Lansing: Michigan State University

This report is one of a series of studies funded by USAID Burma and the Livelihoods and Food Security Fund (LIFT) to understand the current situation and identify potential ways to improve agriculture and the rural economy in different agro-ecological zones of Myanmar. It focuses on Myanmar’s Central Dry Zone, home to approximately 10 million people.

The results are based on information from almost 950 crop-producing households on area planted, quantities harvested and sold, and total crop production costs for the 13 predominant crops in the Dry Zone, based on a reference period of the past 12 months prior to the survey interview. The survey also collected parcel-level data on the household’s main parcel that was planted to at least one of four main crops of interest, namely paddy, groundnut, sesame and green gram. The parcel-level data includes information by season on seeds and other inputs applied to each crop, use of family and hired labor, use of mechanization and/or draft animal power, irrigation costs, and harvested quantities.



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