SCIENCE - Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems


September 14, 2007 - Author: ; ; Carpenter, Stephen; Alberti, Marina; Folke, Carl; Moran, Emilio; Pell, Alice; Deadman, Peter; Kratz, Timothy; Lubchenco, Jane; Ostrom, Elinor; Ouyang, Zhiuyn; Provencher, William; Redman, Charles; Schneider, Stephen H.; W

SCIENCE - Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems

Journal or Book Title: Science

Volume/Issue: 317

Page Number(s): 1513-1516

Year Published: 2007

Integrated studies of coupled human and natural systems reveal new and complex patterns and processes not evident when studied by social or natural scientists separately. Synthesis of six case studies from around the world shows that couplings between human and natural systems vary across space, time, and organizational units. They also exhibit nonlinear dynamics with thresholds, reciprocal feedback loops, time lags, resilience, heterogeneity, and surprises. Furthermore, past couplings have legacy effects on present conditions and future possibilities.

DOI: 10.1126/science.1144004

Type of Publication: Journal Article

Supporting online material for Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems





Jianguo "Jack" Liu

Thomas Dietz

Thomas Dietz

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Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability

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