Enchanter's nightshade plant

Enchanter's nightshade - Circaea canadensis (L.) Hill

Enchanter’s Nightshade – Circaea canadensis (L.) Hill

Onagraceae (Evening Primrose family)


Life Cycle

Perennial

Leaves

The leaves are opposite and are up to 5” long and 3” wide. They have toothed edges, egg-shaped to oblong, and taper to a point. The petioles are 1-2” long. Leaves tend to become smaller toward the top of the plant.

Stems

The main stem is unbranched and white hairs may be present. The central stem terminates in a raceme of flowers.

Flowers and fruit

Each flower consists of 2 white petals that are deeply divided into 2 lobes. The flower stalks are covered in short white hairs. The base of each flower contains a 2-celled ovary that is green and covered with stiff hooked hairs. Each cell contains a single tear-drop shaped seed. When mature the hooked hairs can attach themselves to animal fur or human clothing for seed dispersion.

Reproduction

Seeds and rhizomes.

enchant1
Enchanter's nightshade
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Enchanter's nightshade leaf
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Enchanter's nightshade stem
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Enchanter's nightshade fruit

 

 

Tags: msu plant & pest diagnostics, perennial, weed


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