English ivy – Hedera helix

English ivy

Hedera helix L.
Araliaceae (Ginseng family)

Life cycle

Climbing, evergreen perennial vine.


Alternate, evergreen leaves are dark green, leathery and waxy with white veins. Leaves may be unlobed to three- to five-lobed, depending on the maturity of the plant.


High climbing, woody vines are supported by aerial roots. Stems may be extremely long and reach up to 1 foot in diameter on old plants.

Flowers and fruit

White to green flowers are small and inconspicuous. Berrylike fruit are black and contain few seeds. The flowers and fruit are rarely seen.


Seeds and root sprouts.

English ivy leaf
Ivy rooting at nodes
English ivy growing on tree
New growth

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Plant & Pest Diagnostics

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