This manual contains the information needed to become a certified commercial applicator in Category 1C, Fruit Crop Pest Management. This manual is intended for use in combination with the Pesticide Applicator Core Training Manual (Extension bulletin E-2195), available through the Michigan State University Bulletin Office. However, this manual would also be useful to anyone interested in learning more about fruit pest management
Category 1C, Fruit Crop Pest Management, covers the management and control of common pests in tree fruit — including apples, cherries, peaches, pears, plums and nuts — and small fruit — including blueberries, grapes, raspberries and strawberries. The manual presents basic scientific information on pest life cycles and emphasizes protecting non-target organisms and preventing the development of resistance in pests.
The Category 1C certification exam is based on information found in this booklet. Each chapter begins with a set of learning objectives that help you focus on what you should understand from each chapter. The table of contents helps you identify important topics and understand how they relate to one another through the organization of headings and subheadings. As you prepare for the exam, read each chapter and answer the review questions. These questions are not on the certification exam but are provided to help you prepare for the exam. Questions on the exam will pertain directly to the learning objectives.
The appendices and glossary, including an answer key (Appendix A), at the end of this manual provide supplemental information that will help you understand the topics covered in the chapters. Terms throughout the manual text that are bold or italicized can also be found in the glossary.
This certification manual benefits the applicator and the general public. By learning how to handle pesticides correctly, applicators can protect themselves, others and the environment from pesticide misuse. For more specific information on how to become a certified applicator in Michigan, refer to the beginning of the core manual (E- 2195) or the Michigan Department of Agriculture’s Web site, , or call the MDA at 1-800-292-3939.
CHAPTER 1: INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT
Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
CHAPTER 2: MINIMIZING PESTICIDE IMPACT
State and Federal Laws
Guidelines for Selecting and Using Pesticides
Protecting Our Groundwater
Protecting Non-target Organisms
Potential for Pesticide Resistance
CHAPTER 3: APPLICATION EQUIPMENT
Parts of a Sprayer
Operation and Maintenance of Sprayers
CHAPTER 4: SPRAYING FRUIT
Background: Types of Orchard Pesticide Applications
Calculations for Dilute Applications
How much pesticide is needed for a dilute application?
Calculations for Concentrate Spraying
How much water is needed for a concentrate application?
How much pesticide is needed for a concentrate application?
Examples for Review
Spraying in Different Seasons and in Different Orchards