Performance and prospects of payments for ecosystem services programs: Evidence from ChinaDOWNLOAD FILE
June 23, 2013 - Author: Wu Yang, Wei Liu, Andrés Viña, Junyan Luo, Guangming He, Zhiyun Ouyang, Hemin Zhang, Jianguo Liu
Journal or Book Title: Journal of Environmental Management
Keywords: Community-based natural resources management; Conservation effectiveness; Coupled human and natural systems; Incentive-based mechanisms; Natural Forest Conservation Program; Wolong Nature Reserve
Page Number(s): 86–95
Year Published: 2013
Systematic evaluation of the environmental and socioeconomic effects of Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) programs is crucial for guiding policy design and implementation. We evaluated the performance of the Natural Forest Conservation Program (NFCP), a national PES program of China, in the Wolong Nature Reserve for giant pandas. The environmental effects of the NFCP were evaluated through a historical trend (1965–2001) analysis of forest cover to estimate a counter-factual (i.e., without-PES) forest cover baseline for 2007. The socioeconomic effects of the NFCP were evaluated using data collected through household interviews carried out before and after NFCP implementation in 2001. Our results suggest that the NFCP was not only significantly associated with increases in forest cover, but also had both positive (e.g., labor reduction for fuelwood collection) and negative (e.g., economic losses due to crop raiding by wildlife) effects on local households. Results from this study emphasize the importance of integrating local conditions and understanding underlying mechanisms to enhance the performance of PES programs. Our findings are useful for the design and implementation of successful conservation policies not only in our study area but also in similar places around the world.
Type of Publication: Journal Article