The Transformation of Value Chains in Africa: Evidence from the First Large Survey of Maize Traders
Liverpool-Tasie, S., Reardon, T., Sanou, A., Ogunleye, W., Ogunbayo, I., & Omonona, B. T. (2018). The Transformation of Value Chains in Africa: Evidence from the First Large Survey of Maize Traders (No. 1878-2018-2160).
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, and maize is one of its main staples. Most Nigerians eat some maize, half of Nigeria’s population is urban, and about half of Nigerian farmers grow maize. Consequently, about 75% of Nigeria’s 160 million people depend on maize traders to supply them this staple. However, there has been an underemphasis in research and policy discussions on the role of such intermediaries, especially in the past 20 years (after dismantling of parastatals).
To address that gap, this brief summarizes a report on the first large survey of maize traders in Nigeria in the past several decades. The sample of about 1400 traders covered one state in the South and four in the North, with traders in city wholesale markets in the North (Jos, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina) and South (Ibadan) and regional markets in secondary cities in the North. These urban traders source maize from farms and other traders, and assemble, bulk, and transport or buy transport services. We administered formal questionnaires to traders individually, and surveyed assets and behavior in 2016 and 2011; five years before.