FSG "Policy Synthesis" Series

This series has been published since 1995 and is available in the archive.

Number 93. Can Input Subsidy Programs Promote Climate Smart Agriculture in Africa? T.S. Jayne, Nicholas J. Sitko, Nicole M. Mason, and David Skole. July 2016.

Number 92. The Rewards of an Improved Enabling Environment: How Input Market Reform Helped Kenyan Farmers Raise Their Fertilizer Use By 36%. Megan Sheahan, Joshua Ariga, and T.S. Jayne. Number 92. February 2016.

Number 91. Africa's Changing Farm Structure and Employment Challenge. T.S. Jayne, A. Chapoto, N. Sitko, M. Muyanga, C. Nkonde and J. Chamberlin. Number 91. April 2014.

Number 90. On Managing the New Food Price Environment in Countries with Food Insecure Populations. David Tschirley and Nango Dembelé. Number 90. October 2011.

Number 89. Strengthening Staple Food Markets in Eastern And Southern Africa: Toward An Integrated Approach for CAADP Investment Plans. T.S. Jayne, Antony Chapoto, and Jordan Chamberlin. Number 89. September 2011.

Number 88.  What is the Scope for Horticulture to Drive Smallholder Poverty Reduction in Africa? David Tschirley. Number 88.  June 2011.

Number 87. The New Generation of African Fertilizer Subsidies: Panacea or Pandora’s Box?  Valerie Kelly, Eric Crawford, and Jacob Ricker-Gilbert. Number 87. May 2011.

Number 86. What Kind of Agricultural Strategies Lead to Broad-Based Growth: Implications For Country-Led Agricultural Investment Programs. T.S. Jayne and Duncan Boughton. Number 86. May 2011.

Number 85. Unscrambling Africa: Regional Requirements for Achieving Food Security. Steven Haggblade. Number 85. April 2011.

Number 84. Improving Food Security in Africa: Highlights of 25 Years of Research, Capacity-Building, and Outreach. The MSU Food Security Group. Number 84. October 2009.

Number 83. Promoting Fertilizer Use in Africa: Current Issues and Empirical Evidence from Malawi, Zambia, and Kenya. Isaac Minde, T.S. Jayne, Eric Crawford, Joshua Ariga, and Jones Govereh. October 2008.

Number 82 Food Crises and Food Markets: Implications for Emergency Response in Southern Africa. David Tschirley and T.S. Jayne. July 2008.

Number 81  Smallholder Farming Under Increasingly Difficult Circumstances: Policy and Public Investment Priorities for Africa by  T.S. Jayne, D. Mather, and E. Mghenyi. December 2006.

Number 80. The Many Paths of Cotton Sector Reform in Eastern and Southern Africa:  Lessons from a Decade of Experience. David Tschirley, Colin Poulton, and Duncan Boughton. November 2006.

Number 79. Local and Regional Food Aid Procurement: an Assessment of Experience in Africa and Elements of Good Donor Practice. David Tschirley and Anne Marie del Castillo. November 2006.

Number 78. Guidelines for Building Sustainable Market Information Systems in Africa with Strong Public-Private Partnerships. Michael T. Weber, Cynthia Donovan, John M. Staatz and Niama Nango Dembélé. November 2005.

Number 77. Fertilizer Demand in Sub-Saharan Africa: Realizing the Potential. V.A. Kelly. September 2005.

Number 76. Alternative Approaches for Promoting Fertilizer Use in Africa, with Emphasis on the Role of Subsidies. E.W. Crawford, T.S. Jayne, and V.A. Kelly. September 2005.

Number 75. Using Empirical Information in the Era of HIV/AIDS to Inform Mitigation and Rural Development Strategies: Selected Results from African Country Studies. D. Mather, C. Donovan, T.S. Jayne, and M.T. Weber. American Agricultural Economics Association Annual Meeting, Principal Paper Session 1: What Role for Agricultural Economists in Addressing the HIV/AIDS Pandemic? Providence, Rhode Island, July 25th, 2005.

Number 74. Income and Nutritional Outcomes in Rwanda's Rural Areas, 1990 and 2000. A. McKay and S. Loveridge. 2005.

Number 73. Water Pricing as a Tool for Integrated Water Resource Management: A Synthesis of Key Issues for Rural West Africa. A. Schrecongost, J.M. Staatz, B. Diallo, and M. Yade, June 2004.

Number 72. Interactions Between the Agricultural Sector and the HIV/AIDS Pandemic: Implications for  Agricultural Policy. T.S. Jayne, M. Villarreal, P. Pingali and G. Hemrich. June 2004.

Number 71. A Cross-Country Analysis of Household Response to Adult Mortality in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications for HIV/AIDS Mitigation and Rural Development Policies. D. Mather, C. Donovan, T.S. Jayne, M.T. Weber, A. Chapoto, E. Mazhangara, L. Bailey, K. Koo, T. Yamano and E. Mghenyi. June 2004.

Number 70. Agricultural Input Use and Market Development in Africa: Recent Perspectives and Insights. V.A. Kelly, E.W. Crawford, and T.S. Jayne. 2003.

Number 69. Fertilizer Consumption Trends in Sub-Saharan Africa. T.S. Jayne, V.A. Kelly, and E.W. Crawford. 2003.

Number 68. Impact of the Malian Cereals Market Reform on Farmers. N.N. Dembélé, J.M. Staatz, and M.T. Weber. May 2003.

Number 67. Regional Trade in Maize in Southern Africa: Examining the Experience of Northern Mozambique and Malawi. P. Arlindo and D. Tschirley. May 2003.

Number 66. Enabling Small-Scale Maize Marketing and Processing to Assure Supplies of Low-Cost Staples. B. Mwiinga, J.J. Nijhoff, D. Tschirley, M.T. Weber, T.S. Jayne, P. Arlindo, G. Tembo, and J. Shaffer. May 2003.

Number 65. Coordination for Long-Term Food Security by Government, Private Sector and Donors: Issues and Challenges. J.J. Nijhoff, D. Tschirley, T.S. Jayne, G. Tembo, P. Arlindo, B. Mwiinga, J.D. Shaffer, M.T. Weber, C. Donovan, and D. Boughton. 2003.

Number 64F. Liens entre la nutrition infantile et la croissance agricole au Mali: Un résumé des premiers résultats. J. Tefft, V.A. Kelly, V. Wise, et J.M. Staatz en Collaboration avec l'Equipe de Recherche du LICNAG. 2003.

Number 64. Linkages Between Child Nutrition and Agricultural Growth in Mali: A Summary of Preliminary Findings. J. Tefft, V.A. Kelly, V. Wise, and J.M. Staatz, in collaboration with LICNAG Research Team. 2003.

Number 63F. Les communes rurales du Mali : un catalyseur potentiel pour améliorer la nutrition infantile? J. Tefft, D. Keita, V. Wise, V.A. Kelly, et J.M. Staatz en collaboration avec l’équipe de recherche du projet LICNAG. 2003.

Number 63. Mali's Rural Communes: A Potential Catalyst for Improving Child Nutrition? J. Tefft, D. Keita, V. Wise, V.A. Kelly, and J.Staatz in collaboration with LICNAG Research Team. 2003.

Number 62F. Amélioration des résultats nutritionnels grâce aux initiatives de santé communautaires. V. Wise, F. Ouattara, J. Tefft, V.A. Kelly et J.M. Staatz en collaboration avec l'équipe de recherche du LICNAG. 2003.

Number 62. Improving Nutrition Outcomes Through Community Health Initiatives. V. Wise, F. Ouattara, J. Tefft, V.A. Kelly, and J.M. Staatz in collaboration with LICNAG Research Team. 2002.

Number 61F. Connaissances, attitudes et pratiques en matière de soin et d'alimentation de l'enfant : resultatspreliminaires du projet sur les liens entre la nutrition infantile et la croissance agricole (LICNAG). V. Wise, J. Tefft, V.A. Kelly et J.M. Staatz en collaboration avec l'équipe de recherche du LICNAG. 2003.

Number 61. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Child Feeding and Care: Preliminary Insights from the Project on Linkages between Child Nutrition and Agricultural Growth. V. Wise, J. Tefft, V.A. Kelly and J.M. Staatz in collaboration with LICNAG Research Team. 2002.

Number 60F. Comprendre et réduire la malnutrition au Mali: résultats de recherches préliminaires du projet sur les liens entre la nutrition infantile et la croissance agricole (LICNAG). J. Tefft et V.A. Kelly en collaboration avec léquipe de recherche du LICNAG. 2003.

Number 60. Understanding and Reducing Child Malnutrition in Mali: Interim Research Findings for the Project on Linkages between Child Nutrition and Agricultural Growth (LICNAG). J. Tefft and V.A. Kelly in collaboration with the LICNAG Research Team. 2002.

Number 59. Smallholder Income and Land Distribution in Africa: Implications for Poverty Reduction Strategies.T.S. Jayne, M.T. Weber, D. Tschirley, R. Benfica, A. Chapoto, B. Zulu, and D. Neven. 2002.

Number 58. Dynamic Analysis of Soil Fertility Improvement: A Bioeconomic Model for Senegal. B.N. Diagana, V.A. Kelly, and E.W. Crawford. 2001.

Number 57. Preliminary Findings on the Linkages Between Agricultural Productivity Growth and Child Nutritional Status in Mali. J. Tefft, with F. Ouattara, C.L. Penders, M. Yade, D. Keita, V.A. Kelly, and J.M. Staatz. 2001.

Number 56. Mali’s Market Information System: Innovative Evolution in Support of a Dynamic Private Sector. N.N. Dembélé, J.F. Tefft, and J.M. Staatz. 2000.

Number 55F. Evolution De La Filière Bovine Au Mali, Trois Ans Après La Dévaluation. M. Yade, O. Sanogo, et Y. Koné. 2000.

Number 54. Developing Cost Effective Methods for Estimating Household Income and Nutrient Intake Adequacy. D. Tschirley and D. Rose. 2000.

Number 53F. Comment Augmenter Les Revenus Des Producteurs? Leçons De L'office du Niger Au Mali. D. Mariko, V.A. Kelly, et A. Chohin-Kuper. 2000.

Number 52F. Développement Agricole et Malnutrition Infantile: Qu'en Savons Nous?. C.L. Penders, J.M. Staatz, et J.F. Tefft. 2000. (

Number 52. Agricultural Development And Child Nutrition: What Do We Know? C.L. Penders, J.M. Staatz, and J.F. Tefft. 2000.

Number 51F. Comment le Developpement Agricole Affecte -t- il la Nutrition Infantile au Mali? C.L. Penders, J.M. Staatz, et J.F. Tefft. 2000.Number 51 How Does Agricultural Development Affect Child Nutrition in Mali? C.L. Penders, J.M. Staatz, and J.F. Tefft. 2000.

Number 50. Understanding And Improving Food Aid Targeting in Rural Ethiopia. T.S. Jayne, J. Strauss, T. Yamano, and D. Molla. 1999.

Number 49. Food Aid Monetization in West Africa: How to Make it More Effective J.M. Staatz, P. Diskin, and N. Estes. 1999.

Number 48F. Un plan d'action pour renforcer les liens entre la croissance de la productivité agricole et l'amélioration de la nutrition infantile J.F. Tefft, J.M. Staatz et C.L. Penders. 2000.

Number 48. An Action Plan to Strengthen Linkages Between Agricultural Productivity Growth and Improved Childhood Nutrition J. Tefft, J.M. Staatz, and C.L. Penders. 1999.

Number 47. African Perspectives on Progress and Challenges in Agricultural Transformation G. Argwings-Kodhek, T.S. Jayne, and I. Minde. 1999.

Number 46F. Services d'information de marché pour le développement de l'agro-business et la croissance économique durable au Mali N.N. Dembélé et J.M. Staatz. 1999.

Number 45. The MSU Food Security Project in Mali: 14 Years of Partnership Between Mali-MSU-USAID J. Tefft, N.N. Dembele, J. Dioné, and J.M. Staatz. 1999.

Number 45F. Le Mali, l'Universite de l'état de Michigan (MSU) et l'USAID: 14 ans de partenariat pour la sécurité alimentaire J. Tefft, N.N. Dembele, J. Dioné et J.M. Staatz. 1999.

Number 44. Reflections on Poverty and Prospects for Growth in the Mozambican Rural Sector H. de Marrule, R. Benfica, P. Strasberg, D. Tschirley and M.T. Weber. 1999.

Number 43. Towards a Strategy for Improving Agricultural Input Markets in Africa V.A. Kelly, E.W. Crawford, J.A. Howard, T.S. Jayne, J.M. Staatz, and M.T. Weber. 1999.

Number 42. Green Revolution Technology Takes Root in Africa: The Promise And Challenge of The Ministry of Agriculture/SG2000 Experiment With Improved Cereals Technology in Ethiopia J.A. Howard, V.A. Kelly, M. Demeke, M. Maredia, and J. Stepanek. 1999.

Number 41. Effects of Agricultural Commercialization on Food Crop Input Use and Productivity in Kenya P.J. Strasberg, T.S. Jayne, T. Yamano, J. Nyoro, D. Karanja, and J. Strauss. 1999.

Number 40. Effects of Cash Crop Production on Food Crop Productivity in Zimbabwe: Synergies or Trade-offs? J. Govereh and T.S. Jayne. 1999.

Number 39. Successes and Challenges of Food Market Reform: Experiences from Kenya, Mozambique, Zambia, and Zimbabwe D. Tschirley, T.S. Jayne, M. Mukumbu, M. Chisvo, M.T. Weber, B. Zulu, R. Johansson, P. Santos, and D. Soroko. 1999.

Number 38. Is Agricultural Intensification Profitable For Mozambican Smallholders? An Appraisal of the Inputs Subsector and the 1996/97 DNER/SG2000 Program J.A. Howard, José Jaime Jeje, D. Tschirley, Paul Strasberg, E. W. Crawford, and M.T. Weber. 1998.

Number 37. Restoring Soil Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa: Technical and Economic Issues D. Weight and V.A. Kelly. 1998.

Number 36. Is Mali-Sud BAS-FOND Rice Production Profitable to Farmers? Georges Dimithè, J.M. Staatz and A.O. Kergna. 1998.

Number 35. Can BAS-FOND Rice Production Improve Food Security in Mali? Georges Dimithè, J.M. Staatz and A.O. Kergna. 1998.

Number 34. Smallholder Cash-Cropping, Food-Cropping Food Security in Mozambique's Cotton Belt Paul J. Strasberg. 1998.

Number 33. Facilitating Seed Sector Transformation in Africa: Key Findings From the Literature Mywish Maredia and J.A. Howard. 1998.

Number 32. Fertilizer in Sub-Saharan Africa: Breaking the Vicious Circle of High Prices and Low Demand V.A. Kelly, T. Reardon, D. Yanggen, and Anwar Naseem. 1998.

Number 31. Seed Sector Evolution in Zambia And Zimbabwe: Has Farmer Access Improved Following Economic Reforms? Joseph Rusike, J.A. Howard and Mywish Maredia. 1998.

Number 30. Cereal-Based Demand for Fertilizer Among Smallholders in Southern Africa: Lessons Learned and Implications for Other African Regions Joseph Rusike, T. Reardon, J.A. Howard, and V.A. Kelly. 1998.

Number 29. No shortcuts to Progress: An Assessment of Agricultural Research Planning And Priority Setting in Africa. Mywish Maredia, J.A. Howard, and D. Boughton. 1997.

Number 28. Impact Assessment of African Agricultural Technology Development and Transfer: Synthesis of Findings and Lessons Learned. P. Anandajayasekeram, W. A. Masters, and J. F. Oehmke. 1997.

Number 27. Returns to Oilseed and Maize Research in Uganda. Rita Laker-Ojok. 1996.

Number 26. Zambia's Stop-and-Go Revolution: The Impact of Policies and Organizations on the Development and Spread of Hybrid Maize. J.A. Howard and Catherine Mungoma. 1996.

Number 25. How Non-research Investments Affect Research Impact: The Case of Maize Technology Adoption in southern Mali. D. Boughton and B.H. de Frahan. 1996.

Number 24. The Impact of Millet, Sorghum, and Cowpea Research and Technology Transfer in Niger. V. Mazzucato and S. Ly. 1996.

Number 23. Assessing the Impact of Cowpea and Sorghum Research and Extension in Northern Cameroon. J.A. Sterns and R.H. Bernsten. 1996.

Number 22. Determinants of Farm Productivity in Africa: A Synthesis of Four Case Studies. T. Reardon, V.A. Kelly, E.W. Crawford, T.S. Jayne, K. Savadogo, and D. Clay. 1996.

Number 21. Relief Through Development: Maize Market Liberalization in Urban Kenya. G. Argwings-Kodhek and T.S. Jayne. 1996.

Number 20. Payoffs to Investments in Agricultural Technology in Sub-Saharan Africa. J.F. Oehmke and E.W. Crawford. 1996.

Number 19. Mozambique Food Security Success Story

Number 19P. Relato de Sucesso da Segurança Alimentar em Moçambique D. L. Tschirley and M.T. Weber. 1996.

Number 18. Zimbabwe Food Security Success Story: Maize Market Reforms Improve Access to Food Even While Government Eliminates Food Subsidies. T.S. Jayne, L. Rubey, M. Chisvo and M.T. Weber. 1996.

Number 17. Facilitating Effective Food Security Policy Reform. FS II faculty. 1996.

Number 13. Fostering Agricultural and Food System Transformation in Africa.

Number 13F. Encourager la transformation de l'agriculture et des systèmes alimentaires en Afrique.

Número 13P. Fomentando a Transformação Agricola e do Sistema Alimentar em África. J.M. Staatz e M. Ba. 1997.

Number 12. Food Marketing and Pricing Policy in Eastern and Southern Africa: Lessons for Increasing Agricultural Productivity and Access to Food. T.S. Jayne and S. Jones. 1996.

Number 11. USAID Contributes to Building National Capacity to Strengthen Food Security: an Example From Mali.D. Boughton, J.M. Staatz, and M.T. Weber. 1996.

Number 10. PRISAS/INSAH-MSU-USAID Sahel Regional Food Security Project: Results and Impact. J. Dioné and J. Tefft. 1996.

Number 9. Will the CFA Franc Devaluation Enhance Sustainable Agricultural Intensification in the Senegalese Peanut Basin?

Number 9F. La Dévaluation du Franc CFA: Quelles Perspectives pour une Intensification Durable de la Production Agricole dans le Bassin Arachidier du Sénégal? B. Diagana and V.A. Kelly. 1996.

Number 8. A Strategic Approach to Agricultural Research Program Planning in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Number 8F. Une approche stratégique pour la planification du programme de recherche agricole en Afrique sub-saharienne.

Number 8P. Uma Abordagem Estratégica Sobre E Planificação De Programas De Pesquisa Agrícola Na África Sub-sahariana. D. Boughton, E.W. Crawford, J.A. Howard, J. Oehmke, J. Shaffer et J.M. Staatz. 1996.

Number 7. Cash Crop and Foodgrain Productivity in Senegal: Historical View, New Survey Evidence, and Policy Implications.

Number 7F. La productivité des cultures vivrières et commerciales au Sénégal: Survol Historique. V.A. Kelly, B. Diagana, T. Reardon, M. Gaye, and E.W. Crawford. 1996.

Number 6. Promoting Food Security in Rwanda Through Sustainable Agricultural Productivity: Meeting the Challenges of Population Pressure, Land Degradation, and Poverty. D. Clay, F. Byiringiro, J. Kangasniemi, T. Reardon, B. Sibomana, L. Uwamariya, and D. Tardif-Douglin. 1995.

Number 5. Effects of Market Reform on Access to Food by Low-Income Households: Evidence from Four Countries in Eastern and Southern Africa.T.S. Jayne, L. Rubey, D. Tschirley, M. Mukumbu, M. Chisvo, A.P. Santos, M.T. Weber, and P. Diskin. 1995.

Number 4. Improving the Measurement and Analysis of African Agricultural Productivity: Promoting Complementarities Between Micro and Macro Data. V.A. Kelly, J. Hopkins, T. Reardon, and E.W. Crawford. 1995.

Number 3. Promoting Farm Investment for Sustainable Intensification of African Agriculture. T. Reardon, E.W. Crawford, V.A. Kelly, and B. Diagana. 1995.

Number 2. Trends in Real Food Prices in Six Sub-Saharan African Countries. T.S. Jayne, M. Mukumbu, J. Duncan, J.M. Staatz, J.A. Howard, M. Lundberg, K. Aldridge, B. Nakaponda, J. Ferris, F. Keita, and A.K. Sanankoua. 1995.