Agricultural Productivity and Rural Household Incomes: Micro-level Evidence from Zambia

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December 20, 2019 - Author: Jason Snyder, , Nicole Mason,

Jason Snyder, Thomas Jayne, Nicole Mason, Paul Samboko, 2019. Agricultural Productivity and Rural Household Incomes: Micro-level Evidence from Zambia, FSP Research Brief 105, East Lansing: Michigan State University.

Key Findings

  • Changes in district level crop productivity among smallholder farmers have strong and positive lagged multi-year effects on the own-farm incomes of rural households in that district.
  • This impact is especially true for productivity changes among (a) the highest productivity farms in each district, and (b) smallholder farms cultivating >2 hectares.
  • There is also some evidence of a similar effect on total income, however this effect is not as robust.
  • Overall, the least robust set of results are between district-level crop productivity and off-farm household incomes, suggesting that some of the recent critiques of the small farm-led multiplier effect hypothesis mentioned earlier for the African context may be valid.
  • However, we do find tentative evidence (interpreted with caution due to their lack of significance in the robustness checks) that smaller farm productivity (<2 hectares) indirectly raises off-farm incomes.

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Tags: agrifood system transformation, c1-c2, food security group, fsg policy brief, fsp policy brief, household income and livelihoods, innovation lab for food security policy, input use and market development, sustainable agricultural intensification, zambia


Authors

Thomas Jayne

Thomas Jayne
jayne@msu.edu

Nicole Mason-Wardell

Nicole Mason-Wardell
masonn@msu.edu

Paul Samboko

Paul Samboko
sambokop@msu.edu

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