Child Labor Bulletin 102


September 20, 2020

Federal Child Labor Laws

The federal child labor provisions, authorized by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) of 1938, were enacted to ensure that when young people work, the work is safe and does not jeopardize their health, wellbeing or educational opportunities. By knowing, understanding, and complying with these provisions, agricultural employers, parents, and teachers can help working teens enjoy those safe, positive, early work experiences that can be so important to their development.

Child Labor Bulletin No. 102

This booklet is a guide to the provisions of the FLSA (also known as the “Wage-Hour Law”) that apply to minors employed in agricultural occupations. In addition to child labor provisions, the FLSA contains provisions on and minimum wage, overtime, and recordkeeping. See Child Labor Bulletin No. 101 (WH1330) for information regarding the employment of minors in nonagricultural occupations.

Other Child Labor Laws

Other federal and state laws may have higher standards. When these apply, the more stringent standard must be observed. All states have child labor laws and compulsory school attendance laws, and also establish the minimum ages and conditions under which youths may operate motor vehicles. Unless otherwise exempt, a covered minor employee is entitled to receive the same minimum wage, overtime, occupational safety and health, and non-discrimination protections as adult workers.


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