Climate Change and the Poultry Value Chain in Nigeria: Issues, Emerging Evidence, and Hypothesis
Awa Sanou, Bukola Osuntade, Saweda Liverpool-Tasie, Thomas Reardon. 2017. Climate Change and the Poultry Value Chain in Nigeria: Issues, Emerging Evidence, and Hypotheses. Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research Brief 41. East Lansing: Michigan State University
- In general, climate change affects the whole poultry supply chain, from bird and egg farming to wholesale to processing to retail. Climate change will probably affect maize farming differently over zones.
- Also in general, climate change affects the feed supply chain (mills and wholesale) indirectly by its effects upstream on maize and poultry farming and midstream by affecting the integrity of supply chain infrastructure and the humidity conditions of storage.
- Climate change can also affect the geography of production and supply chains over time. We posit that more production risk and extreme weather may move part of maize farming south in Nigeria from its traditional center in middle and Northern Nigeria. This shift may need innovation in technology and institutions to occur well.
- Climate change can be linked to animal disease diffusion. It makes it hotter and that hurts poultry farming by provoking stress and disease.
- Climate change is itself affected by poultry farming via farming’s generation of GHG. Poultry farming involves various practices each of which can be done in such a way as to produce more greenhouse gas than done in more sustainable ways.