common eveningprimrose plant

Common eveningprimrose – Oenothera biennis

Oenothera biennis L.

Onagraceae (Eveningprimrose family)

MI Status


Life cycle

Usually an erect biennial or winter annual. Occasionally a summer annual.


Alternate, narrow oval-shaped, smooth to slightly wavy leaf margins, with distinctive pink to white midveins. Leaves initially develop from a basal rosette.


Erect, semiwoody, approaching 5 feet in height. Stem usually branches only at the top and may be visible through the winter.

Flowers and fruit

Flowers are yellow, attached to fused sepals forming a tube and found in terminal spikes. Seed capsules are woody, cylinder-shaped and thickest near the bottom.



Similar weeds

Cutleaf eveningprimrose (O. laciniata Hill)
Differs by having a prostrate to moderately erect, branching stem; wavy and coarsely toothed leaves; yellow to reddish flowers in the upper and middle leaf axils; and linear, cylinder-shaped seed capsules.

Eveningprimrose flower
Eveningprimrose flower
Eveningprimrose plant
Eveningprimrose plant
Eveningprimrose rosette
Eveningprimrose rosette

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