Nutritional Implications of Dietary Patterns in Mali
November 6, 2020 - Author: Melinda Smale, Veronique Theriault, and Ryan Vroegindewey
Smale, M., Theriault, V., and Vroegindewey, R. 2020. Nutritional implications of dietary patterns in Mali. African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics 15(3):177-193
Rural and urban households are net food buyers. -Processed food shares are greater in urban (60%) than rural areas (48%), but consumption of meals outside the home remains low -Average household dietary diversity scores are higher in urban than in rural areas. Women’s and household diet diversity vary by season in urban and rural areas. -About half of farm women interviewed did not meet minimum adequate dietary diversity during the lean season. -Women’s consumption of sugary foods in rural areas appears to remain slight. -The effect of fertilizer subsidies on women’s dietary diversity is significant overall but small in magnitude -By food source, the effect of fertilizer subsidies on the component of women’s dietary diversity produced on farm is nil. The contribution of gifts to women’s dietary diversity declines. The influence of the fertilizer subsidy on women’s dietary diversity through market purchases is positive in the Delta but negative on the Koutiala Plateau.