Not all public participation events are charrettes
Charrette is a very specific type of public involvement system for design and planning projects. Do not be fooled by people calling every public participation event a charrette.
Since the term “Charrette” has become more popular in recent years, many public participation events around Michigan have been miscategorized as such. This article serves to clarify what is and is not considered a charrette.
To start, a charrette typically lasts three days, and can be a long as seven days. A one day, or one meeting event is not long enough to include all of the components of a charrette process.
A charrette is an intense public participation process most often used by planners and developers for a very specific design purpose. This first phase of the process includes the collection of ideas and brainstorming, a review by deeply involved stakeholders, and professional designers prepare renderings of what they heard. In the second phase, the renderings of what professional designer prepared are presented so the public can confirm, or correct what was prepared, then staff can go back to the drawing boards to revise the design. In the third phase the revised renderings are brought back for public review at a third public event to receive confirmation the drawings are reflecting the public’s concerns. After this third part further revision may take place, and then work starts on the details necessary for implementation.
This series of three public reviews, or feedback loops (public meeting, do work, public review, do more work, public review) occurs in seven days or less. A charrette is used when speed, consensus, and intense attention is desired for a proposal or project. It becomes the full time, or more than full time, project for designers, planners, and other staff during the period of the event.
That intense focus on the design project is how charrette got its name. Teams of architecture students in 1800s Paris would be rushing to finish the architecture design project final exam. Often putting finishing touches on their design while riding on the chart (chariot) to bring the project to the instructor by deadline. Those students were said to be working en charrette, in the cart. This fast-paced team approach to design carries forward to today’s design charrette which has become more popular in Michigan.
Charrette has become a very formal planning process, with a national organization producing minimum best practices standards and providing training for charrette management and facilitation. People can obtain this training from the National Charrette Institute. If a community wishes to have a charrette as part of a project it is working on it may be wise to specify in the request for proposal that the charrette be managed and facilitated by people who have these training certificates.
But we are seeing many different events in Michigan which are called charrettes, when in reality they are not. It is not a charrette if:
- There is only one or two public meetings;
- The three meetings are spread out more than seven days from each other;
- There is not a system of gathering input, and then feedback, re-review, and a second system of feedback.
According to the National Charrette Institute, the following key strategies are essential to a successful NCI Dynamic Planning Process and NCI Charrette:
- All interested parties must be involved in collaboration at the beginning.
- A multi-disciplinary staff is teamed up.
- A work schedule that compress work into three to seven days.
- Communicate in short feedback loops for a very short turnaround to report back to citizens
Examples of charrettes in Michigan include:
- Boyne City uses design charrette to help reimagine a public facility, published Jan.24, 2014 by Dean Solomon. Design charrettes are an excellent way to engage community members in a design challenge, even one involving a single community structure.
- Design charrette creates Lansing to Webberville corridor improvements, published May 30, 2013 by Kurt Schindler. The Vision Charrette for Michigan/Grand River Avenues, from the Lansing Capitol to Webberville, is an example of a Michigan region using this process to enhance a highway corridor.
- Design charrette helps Alpena move ahead with plaza project, published Dec. 31, 2012 by Dean Solomon. Design charrettes are an excellent tool for engaging stakeholders to address development challenges. Alpena is an example of a Michigan city using this process to design a new downtown plaza.
- Suttons Bay Charrette kickstarts rural form-based code, published Sept. 18, 2013 by Kurt Schindler. The Suttons Bay Charrette provides a strong starting point for a rural form based zoning ordinance. MSU Extension conducting applied research on the applicability of form-based zoning in rural areas.
Those in Michigan State University Extension that focus on land use provide various training programs on planning and zoning, which are available to be presented in your county. Contact your local land use educator for more information.