March 11, 2016 - Author: Bert Cregg
- Height: 25’ - 30’
- Spread: 25’ - 30’
- Site characteristics: Dry-moist, well-drained soils. Sun to partial shade
- Zone: 5a - 8b
- Wet/dry: Tolerates drought
- Native range: Europe, near East, North Africa
- Salt: Moderate tolerance
- pH: 5.0 - 8.2
- Other: Adapted to compaction, severe pruning
- Ornamental characteristics: Excellent for residential use under utility lines. Easily transplanted in spring or fall.
- Shape: Round
- Cultivars: ‘Queen Elizabeth’ - more upright and vigorous, zone 6b - 7b; ‘Schichtel’s Upright’ - zone 5b - 8b.
- Pests: Relatively pest free