My research interests are focused on insect-microbe interactions across ecosystems and decomposition ecology. I am interested in the use of next generation genomic methodologies to answer both basic and applied research questions focused on the successional changes of microbial communities commonly associated with insects in aquatic and terrestrial habitats.
Current assignment: Research 95% | Teaching 5%
My current teaching program consists of co-teaching a one-credit advanced undergraduate/graduate course on “Forensic Applications of the Necrobiome”. Students will learn about the interactions within the community of necrophagous organisms, defined as the necrobiome (e.g., necrophagous insects and microbes), during decomposition of animal carrion and human corpses.
I am interested in basic research questions focused on insect-microbe interactions using an interdisciplinary research approach. My research interests, background, experiences have developed into a comprehensive ecological, genomic, bioinformatic, and statistic analytical ‘toolbox’. This toolbox allows me to pursue a range of research topics using high-throughput genomic techniques (e.g., amplicon based sequencing).
Specifically, my research is centered on those questions to better understand the biological mechanics governing decomposition across ecosystems, which is a vital biological process for all ecosystems including agricultural crops to freshwater streams to forested habitats. I am also interested in exploring other research avenues that have more directed and applied research questions to solve real-world problems (e.g., insects as alternative protein sources, insect use for organic biodegradation, and use of the human post-mortem microbiome for use in forensic investigations). Currently, I am funded by the National Institute of Justice to characterize the human post-mortem microbial community structure from cadavers during routine death investigations.
2015-Present – Assistant Professor, Fixed Term, Department of Entomology, Michigan State University
2013-2014 – Research Associate, Department of Entomology, Michigan State University
2012-2013 – Postdoctoral Research Associate, Department of Biology, University of Dayton
Pechal, JL, and ME Benbow. 2015. Microbial ecology of the salmon necrobiome: Evidence salmon carrion decomposition influences aquatic and terrestrial insect microbiomes. Environmental Microbiology. DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.13187
Finley, SJ, JL Pechal, ME Benbow, BK Robertson, and GT Javan. 2015. Microbial signatures of cadaver gravesoil across decomposition. Microbial Ecology. DOI: 10.1007/s00248-015-0725-1
Benbow, ME, and JL Pechal. 2015. Microbial Interactions of the Necrobiome: Basic Research and Forensic Applications. Microbiologist. 16 (3): 26-29.
Benbow, ME, JL Pechal, JM Lang, R Erb, and RJ Wallace. 2015. The potential of high-throughput metagenomic sequencing of aquatic bacterial communities to estimate the postmortem submersion interval. Journal of Forensic Sciences. 60(6): 1500–1510. DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.12859
Pechal, JL, ME Benbow, JK Tomberlin, TL Crippen, AM Tarone, B Singh, and PA Lenhart. 2015. Field documentation of unusual postmortem wound infliction on human remains by arthropods. Journal of Medical Entomology. 52(1): 105–108. DOI: 10.1093/jme/tju012
Pechal, JL, HE Moore, F Drijfhout, and ME Benbow. 2014. Hydrocarbon profiles throughout adult Calliphoridae aging: A promising tool for forensic entomology Forensic Science International. 245: 65-71. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.10.019
Pechal, JL, ME Benbow, TL Crippen, AM Tarone, and JK Tomberlin. 2014. Delayed insect access alters carrion decomposition and necrophagous insect community assembly. Ecosphere 5(4): art45.. DOI: 10.1890/ES14-00022.1
Pechal, JL, TL Crippen, ME Benbow, AM Tarone, S Dowd, and JK Tomberlin. 2014. The potential use of bacterial community succession in forensics as described by high throughput metagenomic sequencing. International Journal of Legal Medicine 128(1): 193-205. DOI: 10.1007/s00414-013-0872-1.
Pechal, JL, TL Crippen, AM Tarone, AJ Lewis, JK Tomberlin, and ME Benbow. 2013. Microbial Community Functional Change During Vertebrate Carrion Decomposition. PLOS ONE 8(11): e79035. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079035
Benbow, ME, AJ Lewis, JK Tomberlin, and JL Pechal. 2013. Seasonal Necrophagous Insect Community Assembly During Vertebrate Carrion Decomposition. Journal of Medical Entomology 50(2): 440-450. DOI: 10.1603/ME12194.