Canada goldenrod – Solidago canadensis

Canada goldenrod

Solidago canadensis L. var. scabra Torr. & Gray
Asteraceae (Aster family)

Life cycle

Clump-forming, rhizomatous perennial.


Leaves initially develop from a basal rosette. Leaves are alternate, lance-shaped, tapering at both ends, stalkless, usually with toothed margins. Leaves are numerous and crowded along the stem, with soft hairs below and smooth above.


Erect, up to 7 feet tall with little to no branching. Dense hairs present.

Flowers and fruit

Golden-yellow flowers are found in dense, pyramid-shaped, paniclelike clusters. The seed is enclosed in a single-seeded, wind-disseminated fruit.


Seeds and extensive creeping rhizomes.

Canada goldenrod flower
Clump of Canada goldenrod
Canada goldenrod rosette
Canada goldenrod leaf

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