Characterizing Rural Food Access in Remote Areas
April 17, 2017 - Author: Chris J. Bardenhagen, Courtney A. Pinard, Rich Pirog, Amy Lazarus Yaroch
Residents of rural areas may have limited access to healthy foods, leading to higher incidence of diet related health issues. Smaller grocers in rural areas experience challenges in maintaining fresh produce and other healthy foods available for customers. This study assessed the rural food environment in northeast Lower Michigan in order to inform healthy food ﬁnancing projects such as the Michigan Good Food Fund. The area’s retail food businesses were categorized using secondary licensing, business, and nutrition program databases. Twenty of these stores were visited in person to verify the validity of the categories created, and to assess the availability of healthy foods in their aisles. In-depth interviews with key inform-ants were carried out with store owners, economic development personnel, and other food system stakeholders having knowledge about food access, in order to learn more about the speciﬁc challenges that the area faces. Out-shopping, seasonality, and economic challenges were found to aﬀect healthy food availability. Mid-sized independent stores were generally found to have a larger selection of healthy foods, but smaller rural groceries also have potential to provide fresh produce and increase food access. Potential healthy food ﬁnancing projects are described and areas in need of further research are identiﬁed.
Rural grocery, Rural food access, Healthy food availability, Food environment, Outshopping
Bardenhagen, C. J., Pinard, C. A., Pirog, R., & Yaroch, A. L. (2017). Characterizing Rural Food Access in Remote Areas. Journal of Community Health. doi:10.1007/s10900-017-0348-1
Chris J. Bardenhagen email@example.com
This article is available online at: http://link.springer.com/epdf/10.1007/s10900-017-0348-1