Japanese knotweed – Fallopia japonica

Japanese knotweed

Fallopia japonica 
Polygonaceae (Smartweed family)

Life cycle

Aggressive, clump-forming perennial.

Leaves

Alternate, broadly egg-shaped, sometimes heart-shaped with a squared leaf base.

Stems

Stout, semiwoody, red to brown, hollow and bamboolike, often exceeding 6 to 8 feet in height. Stems are also jointed, forming a zigzag growth pattern.
A membranous sheath (ocrea) surrounds the stem at the base of each petiole. Reddish shoots arise from thick, sturdy and abundant rhizomes.

Flowers and fruit

Flowers are small, white to pink and borne in elongated clusters. The seed is enclosed in a single-seeded, shiny, dark brown to black, three-sided fruit.

Reproduction

Seeds and aggressive rhizomes.

Similar weeds

Giant knotweed
(P. sachalinense F. W. Schmidt)
Differs by having a greater height and heart-shaped leaf base.

Japanese-knotweed-foliage-and-flowers-225x300
Japanese knotweed foliage and flowers
Japanese-knotweed-flower-300x225
Japanese knotweed flower
New-ocrea-300x200
New ocrea

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Plant & Pest Diagnostics

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