Pokeweed – Phytolacca americana

Pokeweed

Phytolacca americana
L.Phytolaccaceae (Pokeweed family)

Life cycle

Erect, branched taprooted perennial.

Leaves

Alternate, hairless, broadly oval, lance- to egg-shaped with smooth to slightly wavy leaf margins.

Stems

Smooth, succulent, herbaceous, predominantly reddish and branched multiple times without a central stem, reaching up to 9 feet in height.

Flowers and fruit

Greenish white to pink flowers yield erect to nodding, hanging clusters of conspicuous, deep purple to black berries when mature. Berries are poisonous, and berry juice will easily stain.

Reproduction

Seeds. Often dispersed by birds.

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Pokeweed plant
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Pokeweed flower
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Pokeweed fruit
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Young pokeweed plant
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Pokeweed seedling

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