Quackgrass- Elymus repens

Elymus repens (L.) Gould (aka Elytrigia repens, Agropyron repens)

Poaceae (Grass family)

MI Status


Life cycle

Erect, rhizomatous perennial.


Leaves are rolled in the bud, hairless to sparsely hairy above and up to 8 inches long. Leaf sheaths are hairless except those near the base, which may be sparsely hairy. Clasping, clawlike auricles are present at the collar region.


Very short,membranous ligule.


Erect and clump-forming, up to 4 feet tall. Plants spread by thin, yellowish to white, sharp-tipped rhizomes. 

Flowers and fruit

The seedhead is a two- to 10-inch-long, slender, unbranched spike made up of several alternating spikelets arranged edgewise on the stem. Each spikelet contains up to eight straw-colored, lance-shaped seeds. Each seed has a short to prominent awn. 


Seeds and rhizomes.

Patch of quackgrass
Patch of quackgrass
Quackgrass seedhead
Quackgrass seedhead
Quackgrass ligule
Quackgrass ligule
Quackgrass rhizome
Quackgrass rhizome

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