Environmental Science

Social Implications of Biotechnology

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Cultural Implications of Biotechnology

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Water Testing

There are various types of water tests used in agriculture.

Water Quality Management

Water quality management can include preventative steps as well as solutions to an already existing problem.


The atmosphere is the layer of gases surrounding the earth and it plays a major role in the survival of life.


The biosphere is where life exists on earth.


The geosphere includes rocks and minerals of the earth as well as landforms and land use.


The hydrosphere is all water on the earth.  Water can be used in many ways.

Renewable vs. Nonrenewable Resources

Natural resources can be grouped into two groups: renewable and non-renewable. 

Natural Resource Management

Natural resources include land, water, soil, plants and animals.

Identifying Current/Local Issues

Things are always changing in the world, so reading about your local events is a great way to learn about things that are happening around you.

Conservation vs. Preservation

Conservation is the prevention of wasteful use of a resource.

Pollution Control

There are many types of pollution that agriculturalists must consider, including noise, air, and runoff.

Sustainable Practices

Sustainable agriculture practices help to meet the food needs of today without sacrificing the ability of future generations to produce the food that they need.

Individual Resource Management

Understanding resource management is essential to AFNR activities.

Biotechnology in the Environment

Biotechnology is typically thought of in the context of food and drug production, however the utilization of biotechnology in the environment is an ever growing concept.

Environmental Problem Solving

Looking at issues and trying to figure out a way to deal with their negative implications is a great way to explore problem-solving and problem-solving methodologies.

Issues Identification

Conduct a community environmental inventory and select issues that impact AFNR management.

Define AFNR

Research what the current policies and community practices are.

Life Cycle

The life cycle is defined as the developmental stages that occur during an organism’s lifetime. Animals have three basic stages during a fertilized egg , immature, juvenile, and adult.

Evolution of Organisms

The change in a species’ characteristics and habits over several generations and relies on the process of natural selection.

Animal Domestication

Global origin of livestock and companion animal species and how, and why, they became domesticated.

Organic vs. Conventional

Develop a clear understanding of organic versus conventional farming methods.

Zoonotic Diseases

Explain the health risk of zoonotic diseases to both animals and humans, and understand the importance of establishing a barrier to prevent spread.

Hierarchical Classification

Hierarchical classification is a system of grouping things according to a hierarchy, or levels and orders.

Dichotomous Keys

Explain the use of botanical nomenclature (plant structure) to identify species

Photosynthesis/Cellular Respiration and Energy Conversion

Photosynthesis is the process by which energy is converted to chemical energy in plant cells.  In cellular respiration plants use the chemical energy stored during photosynthesis in basic life processes.

Nutrient Management/Pollution

Develop a farm/greenhouse nutrient management plan.

Environmental Factors

Discuss the following environmental factors: light, temperature, humidity, water, and nutrition.

Basics of Composting

Compost can serve as a fertilizer for different soil media.

Land Treatment and Application Processes

Identify field orientation and mapping.

Scouting & Crop Management

Evaluate propagation materials for pests and disease, prepare soil for planting with the addition of amendments such as lime and fertilizer.

Nutrient Cycles

Nutrient Cycles would include the Carbon Cycle, Oxygen Cycle and the Nitrogen Cycle.

Manure Management

Manure is managed in a variety of ways throughout the United States, based on agricultural resources and the emergence of new technologies.

Grazing Practices

Overgrazing is not sustainable.

Animal Populations

Identify animal populations that are impacted by environmental conditions.

Animal Performance

Evaluate how environmental conditions can impact the reproduction rates and health of domesticated livestock and farm animals.


Sustainability seeks to sustain farmers, resources, and communities by promoting farming practices and methods that are profitable, environmentally sound and good for communities.

Traditional vs. Sustainable

Management practices make a big impact on the sustainability of agricultural endeavors.

Nutrient & Waste Management

Identify common storage and management of nutrients, develop a disposal plan for waste water and organic material, establish an emergency plan for possible environmental discharge or spills, as well as an operational and maintenance plan.

Organization of Ecosystems

Ecosystems are organized to better understand the frame of reference in which they are being studied.

Energy Pyramid

An energy pyramid, also known as a trophic or ecological pyramid, is a graphical representation of the energy found within the trophic levels of an ecosystem.


Biotic and abiotic factors are what make up ecosystems.

Habitat vs. Niche

A habitat is the place where an organism lives while a niche is that organism’s role within that environment.

Invasive Species

An invasive species is one that is not native to its current environment and causes damage to the overall ecosystem.

Environmental Considerations

Major impacts of agriculture on the environment include pollution, deforestation, soil degradation and water use.

Water Cycle

The Water Cycle is the movement of water within the atmosphere.


Ecology is defined as the study of interactions between living and nonliving components in a given area.

Ecological Balance

In order for an ecosystem to survive there must be some sort of ecological balance.

Confinement vs. Pasture

Concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFOs) versus traditional farming methods for raising livestock.

Environmental Impacts

Environmental systems are a delicate balance of system inputs and outputs.