Identify agriculturally important plants by common name. Example of Classifications: Forage Crops, Oil Crops, Grain Crops.
Plant structures describe the way that the plant is organized and works together. Different systems within a plant could include the shoot, root and leaf system.
Lessons under this core idea would pertain to knowing about male and female parts. The functions of the different parts should be discussed, like the purpose of a flower, stamen, pistil, etc.
Plant physiology refers to the functions of specific plant parts. This can include concepts such as specific organ function, energy flow, growth, disease resistance, and nutrition.
Plant cells contain many key structures that are vital to a study of plant physiology and energy conversion.
Mitosis refers to the process of somatic cell reproduction and is responsible for plant growth. Mitosis occurs mainly in meristematic regions in plants.
Compare similarities and differences of plants by individual characteristics. Incorporate the structure of a dichotomous key, explain how binomial nomenclature was developed, show basic plant anatomical differences by species
Demonstrate the use of a dichotomous key to identify plant species by traits and specific characteristics such as leaf, bark, bud and others. Show major categorical differences between gymnosperms and angiosperms.
Show or explain what makes a weed as either noxious, invasive or as an economically impactful plant. Identify how plants are able to resist chemical or other management techniques.
Describe nutrient deficiency symptoms and recognize environmental causes of nutrient deficiencies. Understand the interdependence of nutrients and their uptake.
Interpret soil test results based on macronutrients (N-P-K) and other characteristics. Example: pH, cation exchange capacity, drainage, structure.
Understanding the information provided on a standard fertilizer label.
Calculate the amount of fertilizer to be applied and calibrate equipment to apply the prescribed amount of fertilizer.
Identify organic and synthetic nutrients used in plant propagation.
Apply nutrients to plants for economic growth. Describe methods of nutrient application (broadcasting, side-dressing, compost, etc).
Collect and test soil/media. Identify slope, structure, texture, horizons, and type.
Identify functions, uses, and/or limitations of local soil series and associations.
When talking about germination, discuss the parts of a seed for students to identify and describe their individual functions.
Growing media differs based on the environment and specific uses.
This core idea is all about how you get your potting materials together to complete a planting.
Sexual plant propagation encompasses topics and concepts such as pollination, seed production, and planting.
Asexual propagation is a type of plant reproduction using roots, stems, or leaves of a parent plant.
Hydroponics is the growing of plants with a nontraditional media.
The steps of IPM include setting action thresholds, monitoring and identifying pests, prevention, and control.
Methods of practicing IPM include using biological controls, cultural controls, mechanical and physical controls, and chemical controls.
When you have a greenhouse on campus, there are endless amounts of fundraisers that can help students to apply the knowledge they have learned in class.
The resources you have available to store the produce will dictate what you can plant and when.
Planning is key when going to harvest produce.
There are many types of watering systems that are used in agriculture.
Aquaponics and hydroponics involve the production of plants using water intensive systems.
There is a good chance that diseases or pests will show up in the greenhouse.
When you develop your soil mixtures/media, it is best to find a way to store the material so it doesn’t go to waste.
It is important to think about the types of media that you are using when transplanting.
It is common to have nutrients leach from the soil after seeds have been planted and start to grow.
Sterilization has to do with getting rid of microbes and fungus that could be growing within the media that you can reuse in the future.
A discussion of plant care in relation to plant management could include watering schedules and systems, pest control schedules and systems, fertilization and soil amendment schedules and systems, and pruning or thinning schedules.
Diseases are bound to occur in your greenhouse, but it is important to be able to properly ID and know how to treat them.
When developing a production plan for landscaping there are many aspects to consider.
Identify greenhouse productions zones, establish and implement spray programs.
There are a variety of chemicals that can be derived from plants that advance science.
Hierarchical classification is a system of grouping things according to a hierarchy, or levels and orders.
Explain the use of botanical nomenclature (plant structure) to identify species
Photosynthesis is the process by which energy is converted to chemical energy in plant cells. In cellular respiration plants use the chemical energy stored during photosynthesis in basic life processes.
Develop a nutrient plan with an emphasis on timely application for optimum plant growth.
Develop a farm/greenhouse nutrient management plan.
Discuss the following environmental factors: light, temperature, humidity, water, and nutrition.
Compost can serve as a fertilizer for different soil media.
Evaluate propagation materials for pests and disease, prepare soil for planting with the addition of amendments such as lime and fertilizer.
Collect proper production records including application dates and rates, crop yields, planting and harvest dates by yield and field, emergency field response, maintenance and equipment calibration activity records.
Greenhouse/hoop house production and management would include things such as planting dates and schedules, temperature control methods and schedules, watering system schedules and methods, pest control schedules and methods, and harvest schedules.
A discussion of crop production looks specifically at field, row, or orchard crops.
Different types of agricultural crops require different washing methods.
The type of crop being produced affects the packing system used.
The temperature and humidity that crops are stored at varies with the type of crop being produced.
Collect a description of the operation, short term and long term production goals, use of growing media and propagation techniques.
Nutrient Cycles would include the Carbon Cycle, Oxygen Cycle and the Nitrogen Cycle.
Hydroponics and aquaponics are alternative methods of plant production.
A biofuel is a fuel derived directly from living matter.
First, identify the current chemical regulations for safe chemical handling within the workplace.
Identify common storage and management of nutrients, develop a disposal plan for waste water and organic material, establish an emergency plan for possible environmental discharge or spills, as well as an operational and maintenance plan.
Genetic tool used to predict possible offspring of two parents.
Study of how to classify living things using dichotomous keys and scientific naming.
Develop a least cost ration that would be consumed by an animal.
Ecosystems are organized to better understand the frame of reference in which they are being studied.
An energy pyramid, also known as a trophic or ecological pyramid, is a graphical representation of the energy found within the trophic levels of an ecosystem.
Biotic and abiotic factors are what make up ecosystems.
A habitat is the place where an organism lives while a niche is that organism’s role within that environment.
An invasive species is one that is not native to its current environment and causes damage to the overall ecosystem.
Major impacts of agriculture on the environment include pollution, deforestation, soil degradation and water use.
The Water Cycle is the movement of water within the atmosphere.
Ecology is defined as the study of interactions between living and nonliving components in a given area.
In order for an ecosystem to survive there must be some sort of ecological balance.
Urban agriculture is a way to grow, process and distribute food in urban areas.
Using biotechnology in the AFNR field has improved production over the years.
Biotechnology is a rapidly growing field in agriculture.
Biotechnology is utilized to develop new tools for improving productivity both in and out of the food system.
Agricultural biotechnology is a collection of techniques used to improve the agricultural industry.
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism whose genetic makeup has been modified in a laboratory.
GM, or genetically modified, products are regulated by three different agencies in the United States: the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Organic is a labeling term that indicates that the food or other agricultural product has been produced through approved methods.