Controlled-Environment Lighting Laboratory
- What does a vertical farm taste like? The Counter, Sept. 2020
- Catalyzing holistic agriculture innovation through industrial biotechnology. Industrial Technology journal, Aug. 2020
- Selecting an LED fixture for indoor plant production YouTube webinar. Indoor Ag Science Cafe, June 2020
- MSU leads study exploring the viability of using indoor farming to grow leafy greens. MSU AgBioResearch, Jan. 2020
- Grow lighting masterclass YouTube webinar. The Grow Lighting Channel, Dec. 2019
- Startups move indoors in race to find future farming solutions. MiBiz, Oct. 2019
- GrowerTalks magazine series on indoor production of ornamental transplants:
- Green and blue LED lighting. Produce Grower, Mar. 2019
- Vertical farming is growing from the ground up. Michigan Agriculture magazine, Mar. 2019
- Horticultural LED advances offer unprecedented power to growers. Lighting Magazine, Feb./Mar. 2019
- Experts examine plant response to SSL and market potential at horticultural conference. Cover story for LEDs Magazine, Feb. 2019
- Leafy greens: Green & far red LED lighting. Produce Grower, Feb. 2019
- What is the impact of LED grow lights on indoor horticulture crops? Hort Americas blog, Jan. 2019
- Growing the future: High-tech farmers are using LED lights in ways that seem to border on science fiction. Washington Post, Nov. 2018
- Applications of far-red lighting YouTube webinar. Indoor Ag Science Cafe, Sept. 2018
- Researching the impact of LED lights on leafy greens. Cover story for Maximum Yield Industry News, June 2018
What is CELL?
The Controlled-Environment Lighting Laboratory (CELL) is a vertical farming research facility at Michigan State University focused on the indoor production of high-value specialty crops. Dr. Erik Runkle in Horticulture developed CELL for:
- Research on controlled-environment production of specialty food crops (such as leafy greens and herbs) and ornamentals (such as seedlings and cuttings);
- Demonstration of indoor growing systems to inform growers and capture the interest of students and the public; and
- Teaching applications for undergraduate students enrolled in relevant production courses in Horticulture at MSU.
CELL consists of two independently controlled and refrigerated growth rooms, each with 12 deep-flow hydroponic shelves. Sole-source lighting in CELL utilizes customized, state-of-the-art light-emitting diodes (LEDs) developed in collaboration with OSRAM and OSRAM Opto Semiconductors. Customized software enables digital light control of individual shelves, allowing for temporal alternations of light quality and intensity. We are performing research on lighting to produce leafy greens with desired attributes through light-mediated regulation of extension growth and leaf size, leaf thickness (texture) and color, as well as taste and nutritional value. Below are two videos taken in CELL showcasing some of our recent research on indoor production of leafy greens. Videos by recent Ph.D. graduate, Qingwu Meng.
Below is a video that highlights our partnership with OSRAM to develop the lighting system in CELL, and how the facility can be used in research applications in the production of high-value specialty crops.
Another research project entitled "Development of Sole-Source Lighting Guidelines for the Production of Floriculture Transplants" is supported by the. This project will provide a better understanding of how sole-source lighting (primarily from blue, red, and far-red LEDs) affects growth and development on a range of floriculture crops, especially annual bedding plants.
CELL is located on the first floor of the Plant and Soil Sciences Building (room A154). Students and visitors can look inside CELL through its large windows from the corridor, which can potentially spark their curiosity about the emerging vertical farming industry. We participated in the MSU Science Festival in April, 2018, in which over 120 people of all ages participated in our "Growing Food Without Sunlight or Soil" tours.
We gratefully thank the following for funding and support of CELL and related plant science research projects:
We also thank the following people for supporting the development of CELL:
- Doug Buhler (MSU AgBioResearch)
- Vance Baird, Steve Brooks, Nate DuRussel, and Qingwu Meng (MSU Horticulture)
- Jim Kells and Steve Pueppke (MSU Plant, Soil and Microbial Sciences)
- Charles Brunault, David Hamby, Rodrigo Pereyra, Alan Sarkisian, and Dorian Spero (OSRAM Innovation)
- Chris Eichelberger and Drake Stallions (OSRAM Opto Semiconductors)
- Caleb Harper (MIT Media Lab)
For research-based information on horticultural lighting, consider these resources:
- MSU's Floriculture & Greenhouse Crop Production website containing dozens of articles on plant lighting
- Light Management in Controlled Environments book edited by R. Lopez and E. Runkle (2017)
- LED Lighting for Urban Agriculture book edited by T. Kozai, K. Fujiwara, and E. Runkle (2016)
Disclaimer: Reference to companies, commercial products, or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU or bias against those not mentioned.