All Publications (View all Wu’s publications on Google Scholar sorted by year, on PubMed)

Male D, Wu W, Mitchell NJ, Bursian S, Pestka J, Wu F (2016). Modeling the emetic potencies of food-borne trichothecenes by benchmark dose methodology. Food & Chemical Toxicology 94:178-85.

Wu F, Mitchell NJ (2016). How climate change and regulations can affect the economics of mycotoxins. World Mycotoxin Journal 9:653-663.

Mitchell NJ, Riley RT, Egner PA, Groopman JD, Wu F (2016). Chronic aflatoxin exposure in children living in Bhaktapur, Nepal: Extension of the MAL-ED study. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, [Epub ahead of print]. DOI:10.1038/jes.2015.87.

Male D, Wu W, Mitchell NJ, Bursian S, Pestka J, Wu F (2016). Modeling the anorectic potencies of simple trichothecenes by benchmark dose and incremental area under curve methods. World Mycotoxin Journal 9:279-288.

Mitchell NJ, Bowers E, Hurburgh C, Wu F (2016). Potential economic losses to the US corn industry from mycotoxin contamination. Food Additives and Contaminants 33:540-50.

Havelaar AH, Kirk MD, Torgerson PR, Gibb HJ, Hald T, Lake RJ, et al., on behalf of the World Health Organization Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group (2015). World Health Organization Global Estimates and Regional Comparisons of the Burden of Foodborne Disease. PLOS Medicine, DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001923.

Gibb H, Devleesschauwer B, Bolger PM, Wu F, Ezendam J, Cliff J, et al. (2015). World Health Organization Estimates of the Global and Regional Disease Burden of Four Foodborne Chemicals and Toxins, 2010. F1000 Research 4:1393. DOI:10.12688/f1000research.7340.1.

Devleesschauwer B, Haagsma JA, Angulo FJ, Bellinger DC, Cole D, Dopfer D, Fazil A, Fevre EM, Gibb H, Hald T, Kirk MD, Lake RJ, Maertens de Noordhout C, McDonald SA, Pires SM, Speybroeck N, Thomas MK, Torgerson PR, Wu F, Havelaar AH, Praet N (2015). Methodological Framework for World Health Organization Estimates of the Global Burden of Foodborne Disease. PLOS ONE 10:12. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0142498.

Bui-Klimke TR, Wu F (2015). Ochratoxin A and human health risk: A review of the evidence. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 55:1860-9.

Wu F (2015). Global impacts of aflatoxin in maize: Trade and human health. World Mycotoxin Journal 8:137-42.

McDonald S, Devleesschauer B, Speybroek N, Hens N, Praet N, Torgerson PR, Havelaar A, Wu F, Trembaly M, Amene EW, Döpfer D (2015). Data-driven methods for imputing national-level incidence rates in global burden of disease studies. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 93:228-36.

Wu F (2014). Perspective: Time to face the fungal threat. Nature 516:S7.

Youn S, Lynch A, Taylor W, Cowx IG, Beard D, Bartley D, Wu F (2014). The value of inland fisheries to global food security: Challenges and opportunities. Global Food Security 3:142-8.

Wu F, Mitchell N, Male D, Kensler TW (2014). Reduced foodborne toxin exposure is a secondary benefit of dietary diversity. Toxicological Sciences 141:329-34.

Wu F, Bui-Klimke TR, Shields KN (2014). Potential Economic and Health Impacts of Ochratoxin A Standards. World Mycotoxin Journal 7:387-98.

Bui-Klimke TR, Wu F (2014). Evaluating Weight of Evidence in the Mystery of Balkan Endemic Nephropathy. Risk Analysis 34:1688-705.

Oberoi S, Barchowsky AA, Wu F (2014). The global burden of disease for skin, lung and bladder cancer caused by arsenic in food. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 23:1187-94.

Bui-Klimke TR, Guclu H, Kensler TW, Yuan J-M, Wu F (2014). Aflatoxin Regulations and Global Pistachio Trade: Insights from a Social Network Analysis. PLOS ONE 9(3):e92149.

Wu F, Groopman JD, Pestka JJ (2014). Public Health Impacts of Foodborne Mycotoxins. Annual Reviews of Food Science and Technology 5:351-372.

Austin S, Murthy S, Wunsch H, Adhikari NKJ, Karir V, Rowan K, Jacob ST, Salluh J, Bozza FA, Du B, An Y, Lee B, Wu F, Nguyen L-L, Oppong C, Venkataraman R, Velayutham V, Duenas C, Angus DC (2014). Access to urban acute care services in high- vs. middle-income countries: an analysis of seven cities. Intensive Care Medicine 40:342-52.

Wu F, Guclu H (2013). Global maize trade and food security: Implications from a social network model. Risk Analysis 33:2168-78.

Chen JG, Egner PA, Ng D, Jacobson LP, Munoz A, Zhu YR, Qian G, Wu F, Yuan JM, Groopman JD, Kensler TW (2013). Reduced Aflatoxin Exposure Presages Decline in Liver Cancer Mortality in an Endemic Region of China. Cancer Prev Res 6:1038-45.

Wu F, Stacy SL, Kensler TW (2013). Global risk assessment of aflatoxins in maize and peanuts: Are regulatory standards adequately protective? Toxicological Sciences 135:251-9.

Wu F, Wang T (2013). Risk Assessment of Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma Related to Aristolochic Acid. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 22:812-820.

Palliyaguru D, Wu F (2013). Global Geographical Overlap of Aflatoxin and Hepatitis C: Controlling Risk Factors for Liver Cancer Worldwide. Food Additives & Contaminants 30:534-40.

Wu F, Guclu H (2012). Aflatoxin regulations in a network of global maize trade. PLoS ONE 7(9):e45141, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0045151.

Liu Y, Chang CC, Marsh GM, Wu F (2012). Population Attributable Risk of Aflatoxin-Related Liver Cancer: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. European Journal of Cancer 48:2125-2136.

Khlangwiset P, Shephard GS, Wu F (2011). Aflatoxins and Growth Impairment: A Review. Critical Reviews in Toxicology 41:740-755.

Wu F, Bhatnagar D, Bui-Klimke T, Carbone I, Hellmich R, Munkvold G, Paul P, Payne G, Takle E (2011). Climate Change Impacts on Mycotoxin Risks in US Maize. World Mycotoxin Journal 4:79-93.

Goldstein BD, Liu Y, Wu F, Lioy PJ (2011). Comparing the effect of the US Clean Air Act with smoking prevention and cessation on the risk of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). American Journal of Public Health 101:2357-61.

Biksey T, Zickmund SL, Wu F (2011). Disparities in Risk Communication: A Pilot Study of Asthmatic Children, Their Parents, and Home Environments. Journal of the National Medical Association 103:388-391.

Liu Y, Wu F (2010). Global Burden of Aflatoxin-Induced Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Risk Assessment. Environmental Health Perspectives 118:818-24.

Wu F, Khlangwiset P (2010). Evaluating the technical feasibility of aflatoxin risk reduction strategies in Africa. Food Additives & Contaminants 27:658-676.

Wu F, Khlangwiset P (2010). Health economic impacts and cost-effectiveness of aflatoxin reduction strategies in Africa: Case studies in biocontrol and postharvest interventions.  Food Additives & Contaminants 27:496-509.

Khlangwiset P, Wu F (2010). Costs and efficacy of public health interventions to reduce aflatoxin–induced human disease­­­. Food Additives & Contaminants 27:998-1014.

Wolt JD, Keese P, Raybould A, Fitzpatrick JW, Burachik M, Gray A, Olin SS, Schiemann J, Sears M, Wu F (2010). Problem Formulation in the Environmental Risk Assessment for Genetically Modified Plants. Transgenic Research 19:425-436.

Biksey T, Wu F (2009). Biofuels: By-Products. Science 326:1344-1345.

Wu F, Bryden W (2009). Mycotoxins: Detection Methods, Management, Public Health and Agricultural Trade (book review), World Mycotoxin Journal 2:105-6.

Wu F, Liu Y, Bhatnagar, D. (2008). Cost-Effectiveness of Aflatoxin Control Methods: Economic Incentives. Toxin Reviews 27:203-25.

Wu F, Munkvold GP (2008). Mycotoxins in Ethanol Co-Products: Modeling Economic Impacts on the Livestock Industry. Journal of Agricultural & Food Chemistry 56:3900-11. 

Wu F (2008). A Tale of Two Commodities: How EU Mycotoxin Regulations Have Affected Food Industries. World Mycotoxin Journal 1:71-8.

Wu F (2007). Bt Corn and Mycotoxin Reduction. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources 2(060), 8 pp.

Wu F, Biksey T, Karol M (2007). Controlling Dampness and Mold in Homes: Lessons Learned from Radon and Lead Policies. Environmental Science & Technology 41:4861-7. 

Wu F (2007). Economic Impacts of Fusarium Toxins in Animal Feeds. Animal Feed Science and Technology 137:363-74.

Wu F, Jacobs D, Mitchell C, Miller JD, Karol M (2007). Indoor environmental quality for public health. Environmental Health Perspectives 115:953-7. 

Wu F, Takaro TK (2007). Childhood asthma and environmental interventions. Environmental Health Perspectives 115:971-5. 

Adan OCG, Ng-A-Tham J, Hanke W, Sigsgaard T, van den Hazel P, Wu F (2007). In search of a common European approach to a healthy indoor environment. Environmental Health Perspectives 115:983-8.

Wu F (2006). Mycotoxin Reduction in Bt Corn: Potential Economic, Health and Regulatory Impacts. Transgenic Research 15:277-89.

Wu F (2006). An analysis of Bt corn’s benefits and risks for national and regional policymakers considering Bt corn adoption. International Journal of Technology and Globalisation 2:115-36.

Wu F (2005). The impact of mycotoxin legislation on world trade. AgriWorld Vision 5:25-7.

Wu F (2004). Mycotoxin Risk Assessment for the Purpose of Setting International Regulatory Standards. Environmental Science & Technology 38:4049-55.

Wu F (2004). Explaining Consumer Resistance to Genetically Modified Corn: An Analysis of the Distribution of Benefits and Risks. Risk Analysis (Best Paper Issue) 24:717-28.

Wolfenbarger LL, Andow DA, Hilbeck A, Nickson T, Wu F, Thompson PB, Ammann K (2004). GE crops: Balancing predictions of promise and peril. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2:154-60.

Wu F, Miller JD, Casman EA (2004).  Bt corn and Mycotoxin Reduction: Economic Impacts in the United States and the Developing World. Toxin Reviews 23:397-424.

Wu F, Butz WP (2004). Public Initiative: What the ‘Gene Revolution’ can learn from the Green Revolution. RAND Review 28:26-9.

Casman E, Fischhoff B, Palmgren C, Small M, Wu F (2000). An Integrated Temporal Risk Model of a Drinking-Waterborne Cryptosporidiosis Outbreak. Risk Analysis 20:495-511.

World Health Organization (Wu F, Committee Member) (2015). WHO Estimates of the Global Burden of Foodborne Diseases: Foodborne Diseases Burden Epidemiology Reference Group 2007-2015. World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN: 978 92 4 156516 5,

United States National Academy of Sciences (Wu F, Committee Member) (2015). Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability. The National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. ISBN: 978-0-309-31644-6,

Mycotoxin Control in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (Wu F, Co-Author) (2015). IARC Working Group Report No. 9, Wild CP, Miller JD, Groopman JD (Eds.). International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France.

Rose J, Wu F (2015). Waterborne and Foodborne Diseases. In: Climate Change and Public Health, Levy BS and Patz JA, Eds., Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 157-72.

Wu F (2013). Aflatoxin Exposure and Chronic Human Diseases: Estimates of Burden of Disease. In: Aflatoxins: Finding Solutions for Improved Food Safety, Unnevehr L and Grace D, Eds., International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC.

Wu F (2013). Costs and Effectiveness of Interventions to Reduce Aflatoxin Risk. In: Aflatoxins: Finding Solutions for Improved Food Safety, Unnevehr L and Grace D, Eds., International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC.

Wu F (2012). “Human Health Implications of GMOs: A Focus on Bt Maize and Mycotoxin Reduction.” In: International Workshop on Socio-economic Impacts of Genetically Modified Crops Co-organised by JRC-IPTS and FAO, Lusser M, Raney T, Tillie P, Dillen K, Rodriguez Cervezo E, Eds., European Commission, Seville, Spain, pp. 115-8.

Wu F (2012). “Mycotoxin control in animal feed: insights from public health.” In: World Nutrition Forum: NutriEconomics, EM Binder, ed., Erber AG, Austria, pp. 191-8.

World Health Organization (WHO) (2012).WHO Food Additives Series: 65. Safety evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. Prepared by the seventy-fourth meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Improving Public Health Through Mycotoxin Control (2012). Eds: Pitt JI, Wild CP, Gelderblom WCA, Miller JD, Riley RT, Wu F. International Agency for Research on Cancer Scientific Publication 158, Lyon, France.

JECFA (2011). Evaluation of Certain Food Additives and Contaminants: Seventy-fourth Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. WHO Technical Report Series 966, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2011). Compendium of Food Additive Specifications. Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. 74th Meeting 2011. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy.

Wu F (2010). “Mycotoxins, Animal Health, and Economic Impacts in the Present and Future.” In: World Nutrition Forum: The Future of Animal Nutrition, E.M. Binder, Ed., Nottingham University Press, Nottingham, England, pp. 43-50.

Wu F, Farland WH (2007). “Risk Assessment and Regulatory Decision-Making in Environmental Health.” In Environmental Health Risk Assessment for Public Health, M.G. Robson, W.A. Toscano (eds.), Jossey-Bass Wiley, Indianapolis, IN, 31-54.

Wu F (2006). “Bt Corn’s Reduction of Mycotoxins: Regulatory Decisions and Public Opinion.” In: Regulating Agricultural Biotechnology: Economics and Policy, R Just, J Alston, W Huffman, Eds., NY, Springer Publishers, 179-200.

Wu F (2006). “Economic impact of fumonisin and aflatoxin regulations on global corn and peanut markets.” In: The Mycotoxin Factbook, D. Barug, D. Bhatnagar, H.P. van Egmond, J.W. van der Kamp, W.A. van Osenbruggen, A. Visconti, Eds., The Netherlands, Wageningen Academic Publishers, 83-94.

Silberglitt R, Anton PS, Howell DR, Wong A, Bohandy SR, Gassman N, Jackson BA, Landree E, Pfleeger SL, Newton EM, Wu F (2006). The Global Technology Revolution 2020, In-Depth Analyses: Bio / Nano / Materials / Information Trends, Drivers, Barriers, and Social Implications.  RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

Silberglitt R, Anton PS, Howell DR, Wong A, Bohandy SR, Gassman N, Jackson BA, Landree E, Pfleeger SL, Newton EM, Wu F (2006). The Global Technology Revolution 2020: Technology Trends and Cross-Country Variation.  RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

Arena MV, Younossi O, Galway LA, Fox B, Graser JC, Sollinger JM, Wu F, Wong C (2006). Impossible Certainty: Cost Risk Analysis for Air Force Systems. RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

Arena MV, Younossi O, Galway LA, Fox B, Graser JC, Sollinger JM, Wu F, Wong C (2006). Better Methods of Analyzing Cost Uncertainty Can Improve Acquisition Decisionmaking. RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

Orvis BR, McDonald LL, Raymond B, Rosenblatt K, Wu F (2005). Increasing Participation in Army Continuing Education. RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

Wu F, Matsumura J, Grossman J, Steeb R, van Lent M, Vu P, Wilson B (2005). Exploring Options for Behavior-Based Models and Simulations. RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

Arena MV, Younossi O, Galway L, Fox B, Graser JC, Sollinger J, Wu F (2005). Toward a Cost Estimating Risk and Uncertainty Analysis Policy. RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

Wu F, Butz WP (2004).  The Future of Genetically Modified Crops: Lessons from the Green Revolution.  RAND, Santa Monica, CA. (1 of 3 RAND Feature Publications in 2004)

Pfleeger SL, Wu F, Lewis R (2004).  Software Cost Estimation and Sizing Methods, Issues, and Guidelines.  RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

Pfleeger SL, Wu F, Lewis R (2004).  Checklists Reduce Uncertainties in Estimating Software Costs.  RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

Anderson RH, Hearn A, Lewis R, Matsumura J, Pfleeger SL, Porche I, Steeb R, Wu F (2004). “High Performance Computing Opportunities and Challenges for Army R&D.” RAND, Santa Monica, CA.

Clemence R, Blickstein I, Grigg B, Lachman BE, McMahon S, Olmsted SS, Webb K, Wennar A, Wu F (2004). U.S. Navy Medical Capabilities Afloat: Developing Modeling Assumptions for Medical Supply and Demand. RAND, Santa Monica CA.

Orvis BR, McDonald LL, Raymond B, Rosenblatt K, Wu F (2004).  Current Participation in eArmyU and Effects of Possible Program Changes. RAND, Santa Monica CA.

Morel B, Farrow RS, Wu F, Casman EA (2003). Pesticide Resistance, the Precautionary Principle, and the Regulation of Bt Corn: Real Option and Rational Option Approaches to Decisionmaking. In Battling Resistance to Antibiotics and Pesticides, R. Laxminarayan (ed.), Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C.


Small MJ, Fischhoff B, Casman EA, Palmgren C, Wu F. (2002). Protocol for Cryptosporidium Risk Communication. American Water Works Association Research Foundation, Denver, CO.


Wu F (2002). A Comparison of Values and Regulation of Genetically Modified Bt Corn in the United States and Europe. In Proceedings of the First International Doctoral Consortium on Technology, Policy and Management, E.F. ten Heuvelhof (ed.), Delft, The Netherlands.


Wu F (2000). The Tisza River Crises: Integrating Stakeholder Views for Policy Decisions. YSSP Working Paper, IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.


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